The framers of the Constitution created a federal system of government because
|A)||the states already existed.|
|B)||they felt that it would protect liberty.|
|C)||they felt that it would provide the foundation for an effective national government.|
|D)||the confederal system in existence was ineffective.|
|E)||All these answers are correct.|
________ initially proposed that Congress charter a national bank.
What was the constitutional basis for the Supreme Court's decision in McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)?
|A)||Under the doctrine of implied powers, Congress had the power to create a national bank because it was assigned the powers to tax, borrow money, and regulate interstate commerce under the Constitution.|
|B)||National law was supreme over conflicting state law.|
|C)||Under the doctrine of implied powers, Congress had the power to create a national bank because it was assigned the powers to tax, borrow money, and regulate interstate commerce under the Constitution, and national law was supreme over conflicting state law.|
|D)||Sovereign states can tax the national government.|
|E)||Congress lacked the authority to charter a national bank.|
________ created the doctrine of nullification based on the premise that each state had the constitutional right to nullify a national law.
|D)||John C. Calhoun|
What happened in the Dred Scott case of 1857?
|A)||The Supreme Court justices intensified the conflict between the North and South.|
|B)||The Supreme Court justices struck down the Missouri Compromise of 1820 as unconstitutional.|
|C)||The Supreme Court justices ruled that Dred Scott was property, and therefore ineligible to sue in the federal courts.|
|D)||The Supreme Court justices ruled that slavery was unconstitutional.|
|E)||All the statements are true, except the answer indicating that the Supreme Court ruled slavery unconstitutional.|
In Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), the Supreme Court justices created
|A)||modern free speech doctrine.|
|B)||the doctrine of fiscal federalism.|
|C)||the doctrine of dual federalism.|
|D)||the "separate but equal" standard.|
|E)||the doctrine of implied powers.|
Why do southern states get more revenue from the federal government than most other states?
|A)||The South is a Democratic region.|
|B)||The South is a liberal region.|
|C)||The South is both a Democratic and liberal region.|
|D)||Poverty is more widespread in the South than other areas.|
|E)||None of these answers is correct.|
All of the following nations have a unitary or modified unitary form of government EXCEPT
Which of the following is true about the Supreme Court between 1865 and 1937?
|A)||It consistently ruled in favor of expanding the powers of Congress.|
|B)||It consistently restricted national power.|
|C)||It consistently ruled that Congress could not regulate child labor.|
|D)||It consistently restricted national power and decreased the power of Congress to regulate business.|
|E)||It consistently ruled against the segregation of the races.|
At the worst depths of the Great Depression, ________ percent of the nation's work force was unemployed.
In 1994, which Republican House leader declared that the "1960s-style federalism is dead"?
Devolution has resulted in
|A)||a modification of fiscal and cooperative federalism, rather than their demise.|
|B)||the demise of fiscal federalism.|
|C)||the demise of cooperative federalism.|
|D)||more power centralized at the national level.|
|E)||None of these answers is correct.|
________ was a leading figure in the American Revolution and later opposed ratification of the Constitution on the grounds that the national government should be a union of states and not also of people.
Which of the following is a concurrent power?
Federalism was invented in
|A)||the ancient Greek city-states.|
|B)||the medieval period.|
|C)||Great Britain in 1514.|
|D)||France in 1676.|
|E)||America in 1787.|
In 1937, Justice ________ abandoned his opposition to Franklin Roosevelt's policies and thus gave the president judicial support of key provisions of his New Deal legislation.
|C)||Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.|
Which of the following is true of the issue of the creation of a national bank?
|A)||Thomas Jefferson opposed a national bank for fear it would serve only wealthy interests at the expense of ordinary citizens.|
|B)||Thomas Jefferson supported the right of the federal government to create a national bank based on its constitutional powers to tax and regulate commerce.|
|C)||Alexander Hamilton rejected the idea that a national bank could be formed under the "implied powers" of the federal government.|
|D)||Congress refused to establish a national bank for fear that it was encroaching on state powers.|
|E)||Jefferson was ultimately successful in convincing Congress to establish a national bank and expanding federal power.|
Which Supreme Court case allows Congress to ban marijuana even in states that have authorized it for medical use?
|A)||Kimel v. Florida Board of Regents|
|B)||Garcia v. San Antonio Authority|
|C)||Printz v. United States|
|D)||Gonzalez v. Raich|
|E)||McCulloch v. Maryland|
During the six years under the Articles of Confederation,
|A)||Congress could not tax or conscript citizens.|
|B)||most states paid their full dues to Congress.|
|C)||Congress routinely usurped the commerce powers of the states.|
|D)||Congress shaped the national economy.|
|E)||Congress greatly limited the power of the executive branch.|
In Schechter v. United States (1935), the Supreme Court
|A)||invalidated the 1932 elections.|
|B)||invalidated the National Industry Recovery Act, ruling that it usurped powers reserved to the states.|
|C)||prevented a state from regulating labor practices.|
|D)||prevented Congress from creating a federal regulatory agency.|
|E)||prevented Congress from creating the Medicaid program.|