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Criminal Law for the Criminal Justice Professional
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The Structure and Operation of the Criminal Justice System

Multiple Choice Quiz


The criminal justice system is a(n)
A)social system
B)body of legal rules
C)administrative system
D)all of the above

Police officers cruising the streets in patrol cars and watching for criminal activity are participating in the police function known as

The chief prosecutor in the federal system is the United States
A)District Attorney
B)Attorney General
C)Secretary General
D)Chief Judicial Officer

The U.S. Constitution requires that a defendant who is sentenced to more than six months in jail or prison
A)is entitled to an attorney, whether or not he or she can afford one
B)is entitled to an attorney but must pay for the attorney himself
C)is entitled to an attorney in federal courts, but this right has not been extended to defendants in state courts
D)must accept representation from an attorney paid for by the state

Which of the following is not a part of the structure of the criminal justice system?
A)law enforcement

The U.S. Supreme Court has held that defendants have the right to
A)the presumption of innocence
B)the right to silence during police interrogation
C)freedom from racial and sexual discrimination in substantive and procedural law
D)all of the above

Which of the following is not considered part of the American correctional system?
B)bail bondsmen
C)probation departments
D)state prisons

The decision of whether to prosecute a person who has been arrested is made by
A)the arresting police officer
B)the commanding officer of a police station
C)the prosecuting attorney
D)the defense attorney

A sum of money deposited with the court as a guarantee that the accused will appear at a future hearing is known as

About 90 percent of all felony cases are resolved through
A)release of the suspect for lack of evidence
B)plea bargaining
C)jury trial

Which of the following is not a basis for moving to dismiss charges against a defendant?
A)the jury was improperly instructed
B)the crime charged is not a violation of the jurisdiction's law
C)the facts asserted in the indictment or information, even if true, do not constitute the crime charged
D)no reasonable jury could find the facts alleged on the basis of the evidence presented at the preliminary hearing

During a jury trial
A)the prosecution can present a rebuttal to the defense's opening statement
B)the defendant may be compelled to testify, but usually is not
C)the defense does not have to present any evidence if it feels the prosecution has not proven the defendant's guilt
D)all of the above

If a defendant does not testify during a criminal trial
A)the judge may refer to that fact during jury instructions
B)the prosecutor may refer to the defendant's silence during the closing statement
C)neither the court nor the prosecutor may mention the defendant's failure to testify
D)the jury can and will be instructed to consider failure to testify as circumstantial evidence against a defendant

An appeal of a criminal conviction on substantive ground may be made based on
A)the law under which the accused was convicted is unconstitutional
B)the facts asserted in the indictment do not constitute the crime charged
C)the defendant was not given access to habeas corpus
D)all of the above

Under federal law, a state prisoner may seek habeas corpus relief in federal court if he or she alleges that
A)not all of the necessary elements of the crime were alleged
B)the jury was improperly instructed
C)the conviction violated the federal constitutional rights of the accused
D)the charge on which the accused was convicted is not a crime