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Institutional Corrections for Juveniles

Multiple Choice


During the ten-year period from 1988 to 1997
A)the number of juveniles sentenced to residential placement rose
B)the proportion of juvenile cases that resulted in out-of-home placement declined
C)residential placements for drug offenses grew dramatically
D)all of the above

The number of juveniles sent to secure correctional facilities per 100,000 juveniles in the population is known as the
A)commitment rate
B)detention rate
C)level of commitment
D)detention proportion

Private juvenile correctional facilities in the United States are most likely to hold
A)juveniles held by court order under a delinquency adjudication
B)status offenders and non-offenders
C)an equal mix of status offenders and delinquents
D)the most violent and serious offenders

Which of the following is not considered an institutional facility?
A)boot camps
B)diagnostic assessment centers
C)state schools
D)day treatment centers

Juvenile detention facilities are
A)short-term secure units that house juveniles awaiting court hearings or adjudications
B)secure facilities responsible for orienting the juvenile to the expectations of the correctional system, and for conducting testing and diagnosis for each juvenile
C)temporary facilities where juveniles are awaiting either transfer to another facility or release into the community
D)long-term secure facilities for juveniles who have been adjudicated delinquent

The purpose of an assessment facility is to
A)orient the juvenile to the expectations of the correctional system
B)perform a series of tests and diagnoses on each juvenile
C)determine which facility in a state system is most appropriate for a juvenile's needs
D)all of the above

A juvenile who is being released from a secure facility may be sent for a short time to a
A)transfer facility
B)boot camp
C)assessment facility
D)state school

Juvenile correctional facilities that can trace their origins to the Puritan philosophy that the evils of the big city contributed to delinquency are the
A)boot camps
B)youth ranches and camps
C)assessment facility
D)detention facilities

The fundamental purpose of correctional treatment is to
A)punish juvenile offenders
B)change the behavior of the youth so that they do not commit future delinquent acts
C)provide education and training to ensure that offenders have more opportunities available to them upon release
D)all of the above

Taking a juvenile out of the community so that they are prevented from committing crimes is known as

Which of the following is not a challenge facing educators in juvenile correctional institutions?
A)overcoming their students' past educational deficiencies
B)lack of preparation for the confinement setting
C)integrating aspects of treatment plans and institutional discipline in the classroom
D)providing nutritious food for vast numbers of juveniles under their care

Many juvenile correctional institutions develop relationships with business partners in order to
A)provide job training and apprenticeships for incarcerated juveniles
B)help juveniles learn skills that will aid them in getting jobs upon release
C)allow juveniles to earn wages that can be applied to restitution and even room and board reimbursement
D)all of the above

Which of the following is not a common characteristic of successful programs for serious youth offenders?
A)well-defined treatment programs with a strong intuitive appeal
B)demonstrated positive effects on the youth
C)a broad definition that allows treatment of a wide variety of offenders
D)a strong following among judges and correctional administrators that work with the program

Juveniles frequently have trouble adjusting to life inside a juvenile correctional facility because
A)they leave behind a very structured life
B)they bring with them a variety of emotional, social, and psychological problems
C)institutionalization takes them away from institutions such as school that provided structure to their lives
D)lack of discipline in the institution

A challenge facing staff in juvenile institutional facilities is
A)lack of generalists who can perform a variety of duties
B)lack of appropriate training and retention of qualified personnel
C)overeducated staff
D)emphasis on punishment