Forensic Psychology & Criminol
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Forensic Psychology & Criminology: An Australasian Perspective

Katarina Fritzon, Bond University
Paul Wilson, Bond University

ISBN: 0070134928
Copyright year: 2009

About the Authors

Jennifer Barton, M. Soc. Sc. (Hons), Dip Clin Psych

Jennifer graduated as a Clinical Psychologist and initially trained in hospitals in New Zealand. Her early experience in New South Wales was in community mental health and drug and alcohol services. Jennifer then moved to senior psychology roles, first in a rural mental health service and then in the NSW Department of Juvenile Justice where she coordinated the statewide Alcohol and Other Drugs Program. Since 1997, Jennifer has been employed as a Chief Psychologist with the NSW Department of Corrective Services engaged in both policy development work and the professional supervision of staff. Jennifer’s research interest is in suicide and the role of deliberate self-harm in suicide. Jennifer has recently enrolled in Doctoral research study in psychology.

Professor Duncan Chappell, BA, LLB (Hons), PhD

Professor Duncan Chappell, a lawyer and criminologist, is the immediate past President (2001– 2006) of the New South Wales Mental Health Review Tribunal (MHRT), and also of the Commonwealth Secretarial Arbitral Tribunal based in London (2001–2005). He is also a past member of the NSW Law Reform Commission (2002–2006).

Emma J. Collins, BSc (Hons) AMAPS

Emma has over nine years’ experience in the areas of clinical-forensic psychology. She has worked in HM Prison Service in England and within the NSW Juvenile Justice system. She has also provided organisational trauma management and consultant medico-legal assessments for a corporate psychology company. Emma has acted as an Expert Witness for the Court and maintained a private practice for the last six years providing clinical assessments, general therapeutic services in addition to sex offender treatment. One of her areas of interest is risk assessment and management, and she has consulted in this area for the last few years. She also undertakes casual teaching, particularly in the area of intelligence testing. Emma is to shortly complete her professional doctoral degree in clinical psychology, with a thesis on sexually abusive clients.

Rachael M. Collie, MA (Dist), DipClinPsyc

Rachael Collie, is a clinical psychologist who has worked in the clinical forensic field since 1995. She has taught clinical forensic psychology at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, since 2002 and is completing her PhD on personality processes in violent offenders. She maintains a small clinical practice.

Dr Ian Coyle, BA (Hons), PhD

Ian R. Coyle obtained his PhD in Psychology at La Trobe University in 1976. He is a Visiting Professorial Fellow in the Centre of Forensic Excellence, Bond University. He is the Principal Consultant of Safetysearch Forensic Consultants on the Gold Coast of Queensland, in which capacity he has written and supervised the writing of some 12 500 reports to the courts involving issues of Forensic Ergonomics, Forensic Psychology, Safety Science and Psychopharmacology. He has published in Psychopharmacology, Criminology, Ergonomics, Safety Science, Teratology and Forensic Psychology. He has given evidence in various jurisdictions throughout Australia some 1000 times over the last three decades. Email: <>.

Michael R. Davis, BBSc (Hons), Assoc MAPS, DPsych Candidate

Michael Davis is a lecturer in clinical-forensic psychology at Monash University and forensic psychology co-ordinator of the Monash Clinical Psychology Centre. He is the national secretary of the APS College of Forensic Psychologists. His research and scholarly interests include violence risk assessment, psychopathy, sexual offending, offender profiling, and the psychological autopsy. Michael has consulted with police agencies in several countries and is the only psychologist in Australia to be elected to membership of the International Criminal Investigative Analysis Fellowship.

Rebekah Doley, BA (Hons), Grad Dip App Psych, MSc, MPsy (Clin), PhD, MAPS, MFC, AMCC

Rebekah is an Australia-based psychologist specialising in the psychology of deliberate firesetting. She has completed studies on serial arson in the United Kingdom, New Zealand and Australia and frequently works with mental health professionals and fire industry personnel internationally and domestically. Her PhD research examined how serial and one-time arsonists might differ in their psychology and fire behaviour and explored factors relevant in determining predicting deliberate firesetting behaviour in adults. She lectured for several years in the psychological aspects of arson at the Academy of Policing Studies, Charles Sturt University (Goulburn). Rebekah provides private consultancy services on the issue of serial arson, psychology of arson and arson screening in personnel selection. As a result of her work in this field she has been awarded the Queens Trust Award in 1995 and CFS / S.A. Great Training and Research Awards in 1995, 1998, 1999 and 2000. Rebekahʹs background is in human resource management where she gained extensive experience in the areas of recruitment, selection, training and personnel development. She completed her initial training in the area of Organisational Psychology before moving into the field of Occupational Rehabilitation, Military Psychology, and clinical counselling.

Mhairi Duff, BSc (Econ), MClinPsych, MBChB, MRCPsych

Dr Duff is currently employed as the Deputy Clinical Director with responsibility for Forensic Intellectual Disability Secure Services at the Mason Clinic in Auckland, New Zealand. She started her career training as a clinical psychologist in Canberra, Australia and then worked in Broadmoor Special Hospital in the UK before retraining in medicine. Specialising in working with people with intellectual disabilities she worked extensively in the UK before moving to New Zealand in 2004 to contribute to the implementation of new services for the care and rehabilitation of offenders with Intellectual Disabilities following the passing of new legislation aimed at providing alternative dispositional options. Dr Duff is an enthusiastic teacher. Her research has included health access and screening for people with intellectual disabilities, attitudes of health professionals towards people with ID, professional training and the development of ID specific risk assessment tools. She has contributed to several specialist publications and peer reviewed articles and spoken extensively at international conferences.

Ian Freckelton, BA (Hons), LLB (Syd), PhD (Griff), Dip Th M (ANH)

Dr Freckelton is a barrister in full-time practice in Melbourne, a Professor of Law at the University of Sydney and an Honorary Professor of Forensic Psychology, Forensic Medicine and Law at Monash University. Between 1999 and 2007 he was the lawyer member of the Psychologists Registration Board of Victoria and between 2000 and 2006 he was the lawyer member of the Medical Practitioners Board of Victoria. He has appeared in front of a number of disciplinary boards and tribunals around Australia both as counsel assisting and for practitioners. He is also a member of Victoria’s Mental Health Review Board, Disciplinary Appeals Board and Suitability Panel. He is the Victorian President and a former Transnational President of the Australian and New Zealand Association of Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, the Vice- President of the Australasian branch of the International Association of Law and Mental Health, the Vice- President of the International Institute of Forensic Studies and a Board member of the Australian and New Zealand Institute of Law and Mental Health. He is the author of more than 30 books and 350 peer reviewed articles on regulation of health practitioners, expert evidence, mental health law, medical law, coronial law, causation, therapeutic jurisprudence, compensation law, criminal law, sentencing and policing.

Katarina Fritzon, MA, MSc, PhD, MAPS, MFC

Katarina is an Associate Professor at Bond University. She began her career as a forensic psychologist in the UK, where she completed a Masters in Investigative Psychology and a PhD under the supervision of Professor David Canter, who was one of the pioneers of offender profiling in the UK. Her PhD was on the psychology of fire-setting, focussing on developing a model of the crime-scene behaviour of arsonists and linking this to the personal characteristics of arsonsits. She became the UK’s leading profiler in the area of arson investigation, and contributed to over 30 cases. She has also contributed to developing clinical expertise in the treatment of fire-setters, after working in forensic mental health services within the UK, and subsequently offering consultancy services to Department of Corrective Services in Australian states.

Lynsey Gozna, BSc (Hons), MSc, PgDip, PhD

Lynsey Gozna is a Lecturer in Forensic Psychology at the University of Surrey, UK. She has research and consultancy experience in forensic psychology and has presented her research both nationally and internationally. Lynsey has worked and conducted research in a variety of forensic settings in addition to working with police forces in the UK and abroad. She is currently conducting research with the police observing suspect interviews and developing advice on suspect interview strategies and police credibility assessment. She provides training on major crime, personality disorder and Psychopathy to Advanced Suspect Interview Courses. In addition, she is collaborating on research involving offence focussed post-conviction interviews with sexual / violent offenders. Lynsey has clinical experience facilitating Fire setting Treatment Groups working with female mentally disordered offenders and conducting Psychopathy and violence risk assessments.

Mark Kebbell, BSc (Hons), MA, PhD

Mark Kebbell is Associate Professor of Forensic Psychology and the Director of the Forensic Psychology Program at Griffith University. His expertise and research is in the area of forensic psychology, particularly with regards suspects and vulnerable witnesses. He wrote guidelines (with Wagstaff) for the assessment of eyewitness evidence on behalf of the Home Office and has recently received funding (with Professor Martine Powell) from the Victoria Police Service and the Australian Research Council to improve the interviewing of suspected sex offenders. He has worked on more than seventy criminal cases principally involving murder or serious sexual assault. He is the editor, with Professor Graham Davies, of the book Practical Psychology for Forensic Investigations and Prosecutions.

Dr Christopher John Lennings, BA (Hons), M. Psych (Clinical), PhD

Christopher J. Lennings is a Senior Lecturer in Psychology in the Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Sydney. He is a clinical and forensic psychologist who has specialised in working with children, adolescents and their families affected by substance abuse and involved with the juvenile justice and child protection systems. He has published articles, book chapters and produced training resources in the area of counselling and assessment of young people, and in substance abuse treatment, forensic psychology and psychometric assessment. His chief areas of research interest include forensic psychology, the treatment and assessment of substance abuse, violent and sexually violent young offenders, youth suicide, decision making and risk assessment in forensic psychology, and the interface of psychology and the law. He has presented his work nationally and internationally in conferences and workshops.

Robyn Lincoln, BA, MQual

Robyn Lincoln is Assistant Professor in Criminology at Bond University on the Gold Coast, Queensland. She has been teaching there for the past decade where she is also the Coordinator of the section. Her main areas of teaching lie in the sociological aspects of crime and justice with subjects such as Crime &Deviance, Australian Criminal Justice System, Theories of Crime, Media &Crime, Forensic Victimology as well as Research Methods courses at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Most recently, her research publications have focussed on the area of wrongful convictions but she has also been involved in a range of studies about the consequences of naming and shaming of juveniles, methods to enhance forensic interviewing techniques, as well as the issues raised by the use of DNA as forensic evidence.

Bernadette McSherry, BA (Hons), LLB (Hons), LLM, PhD, Grad Dip Psych

Bernadette McSherry is a Professor of Law at Monash University and an Australian Research Council Federation Fellow. She is also a legal member of the Mental Health Review Board of Victoria and the Psychosurgery Review Board of Victoria. Professor McSherry has honours degrees in Arts and Law and a Masters of Law from the University of Melbourne, a PhD from York University, Canada and a Graduate Diploma in Psychology from Monash University. Professor McSherry has written extensively in the areas of mental health law and criminal law. Her five-year Federation Fellowship project is entitled ‘Rethinking Mental Health Laws’ and she is also involved in three other Australian Research Council projects on preventive detention regimes, confidentiality in therapeutic relationships and trafficking in humans.

James R. P. Ogloff, JD, PhD, FAPS

James Ogloff was trained as a psychologist and a lawyer. He is Foundation Professor of Clinical Forensic Psychology and Director of the Centre for Forensic Behavioural Science at Monash University. He is also Director of Psychological Services at the Victorian Institute of Forensic Mental Health (Forensicare). James is the national chair of the APS College of Forensic Psychologists and the national president of the Australian and New Zealand Association of Psychiatry, Psychology and Law. He has published over 160 journal articles and book chapters on a range of topics in forensic psychology and law.

Wayne Petherick, BSocSci (Psych), MCrim, PhD

Wayne Petherick, PhD, is Assistant Professor of Criminology at Bond University on Queensland’s Gold Coast. He teaches in the areas of Criminal Profiling, Behavioural Evidence Analysis, Criminal Motivations, Case Studies in Forensic Science, Forensic Victimology, Crime and Deviance, and Alcohol, Drugs and Crime. Wayne has consulted on a number of cases including stalking, sexual assault and homicide for private and government clients. He has also been sought as a guest speaker on criminal profiling and stalking and has lectured in the United States and Australia on these topics. He is also a Board Member of the Academy of Behavioural Profiling, and Assistant Journal Editor for the Journal of Behavioural Profiling. Wayne has authored numerous works in criminal profiling, and is currently working on a book focussed on assessing victims of crime.

Dr Devon Polaschek, PhD, DipClinPsyc

Devon Polaschek is a forensic clinical psychologist and associate professor in criminal justice psychology at Victoria University of Wellington, in New Zealand. With over 20 years of clinical experience with offenders, her research interests include theory, intervention, and intervention evaluation with serious violent and sexual offenders, and experimental approaches to offender assessment. She is a research consultant to the National Violence Prevention Unit at Rimutaka Prison, near Wellington.

Sacha Rombauts, BPsych (Hons), PhD

Dr Sacha Rombauts holds a PhD in forensic psychology from Griffith University. His thesis examined risk factors for recidivism among juvenile sex offenders. He used meta-analytic techniques to derive risk factors for sexual and non-sexual recidivism and developed an actuarial risk assessment scale. Dr Rombauts is a lecturer in the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Griffith University and he has published in the areas of school drug prevention, drug law enforcement, and offence pathways of sexual offenders

Joseph Allan Sakdalan, BSc, MD, MPH, MA, PhD, CPsych, PGDipPsychNeuro, PGCertHlthSc (ForPsyc)

Dr Sakdalan is a Consultant Clinical Psychologist who currently works full-time in the Forensic ID Secure Services within the Regional Forensic Psychiatry Service in Auckland, New Zealand. He also runs a private practice working as a clinical forensic psychologist and a neuropsychologist. Dr Sakdalan obtained his doctoral degree in Clinical and Counselling Psychology (Ateneo de Manila University) and completed subspecialty training in Clinical Neuropsychology (Massey University) and Forensic Psychiatry (Auckland University). In addition, he has a medical degree (University of the East, Philippines) and a Master of Public Health (University of Melbourne). Dr Sakdalan has specialised in the areas of forensic intellectual disabilities, dual disabilities (people with psychiatric disorder/s and intellectual disabilities), neuropsychological assessment and rehabilitation (e.g., brain injury, dementia), and forensic psychological assessments (e.g. risk assessments, competency assessments, etc.). He is a member of the New Zealand Psychological Society, British Psychological Society, New Zealand College of Clinical Psychologists, and the International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual Disabilities.

David Smith, BBSc (Hons), MPsych (Clin), PhD

David Smith, PhD, Associate Professor of Clinical Psychology at RMIT University, is a specialist clinical and forensic psychologist with extensive experience working with adult, adolescent, and child clients. Embracing a ‘scientist-practitioner’ model, Dr Smith is engaged in public and private practice and heads the clinical research and professional psychology training program at RMIT University. Dr Smith’s xviii research and clinical interests include suicidality, crime victimisation, sexual abuse and offending, problem gambling, and psycho-oncology. Dr Smith’s expertise in clinical and psycho-legal matters is widely recognised. His opinion and supervision is frequently sought by medical and legal professionals. Dr Smith appears regularly across all Victorian Court jurisdictions to deliver expert witness testimony.

Andrea Stewart, BA, Grad Dip Psych, PhD/MPsych(Clin)

Andrea has worked extensively across all areas of mental health, with a specialisation in child and adult sexual victimisation, trauma, suicide, and forensic psychopathology. She has worked intensively with young offenders, both in Australia and internationally, in foreign aid projects. Andrea’s professional interests include expert witness testimony, clinical psychology, health, and oncology. Since completing her training in clinical psychology, Andrea has worked intensively with refugees and survivors of torture in both psycho-legal and therapeutic settings. Over recent years, Andrea has conducted extensive, nationwide doctoral research, examining trauma, suicide, and sexual and familial violence across multiple parameters, including gender and sexual orientation. Andrea conceived and created a unique and expansive online research initiative, culminating in the launch of the Tellsomeone Project in 2005. Andrea is working currently towards the completion of her doctoral dissertation.

Danny Sullivan, MBBS, MBioeth, MHlthMedLaw, MRCPsych, FRANZCP

Danny Sullivan is a consultant forensic psychiatrist, working as assistant clinical director at the Victorian Institute of Forensic Mental Health. He trained in medicine in Melbourne, and completed postgraduate studies in ethics and in law. His psychiatric training was at the Maudsley Hospital in London, UK, and at the Royal Melbourne Hospital. His interests are in neuropsychiatric conditions and in sexual offenders.

Jim Vess, PhD

Dr Vess is Senior Lecturer in the School of Psychology, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. He has an extensive background in clinical forensic psychology in a variety of roles at Atascadero Maximum Security State Hospital, California, US. His research interests include treatment program development, the assessment of forensic and psychiatric inpatient populations, and systems of outcome evaluation. In particular, his research focusses on the relationship between personality variables, including psychopathy, and clinical outcomes.

David Wales, PhD, DipClinPsych, MNZCCP

David began his career in the alcohol and drug treatment field, and was Director of a residential program for young polydrug abusers, often referred from court. He worked for a regional forensic psychiatry service in the United Kingdom for three years before returning to New Zealand where has worked for the New Zealand Department of Corrections for the last 14 years. He spent five years as a Senior Psychologist in the Kia Mārama treatment program for sex offenders before becoming the Principal Psychologist for the Psychological Service’s Auckland Office. In 2000 he took up a Head Office role and is presently Assistant Director of Psychological Services. David has overseen the development and delivery of new rehabilitation programs for offenders, and the monitoring of quality for program delivery and assessment procedures related to criminogenic needs. He has researched program effectiveness and the role of personality in sexual offending.

Professor Tony Ward, PhD, MA (Hons), DipClinPsyc

Tony Ward is Professor of Clinical Psychology and Clinical Director at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. He was previously director of the Kia Mārama Programme for sexual offenders at Rolleston Prison, Christchurch, New Zealand and has taught clinical and forensic psychology at Canterbury and Melbourne Universities. His research interests include the offenxc process in offenders, cognitive distortions, human rights and forensic ethics, and models of rehabilitation. He has published over 210 research articles, chapters and books. His latest books are Theories of sexual offending, Wiley (2006), Rehabilitation: Beyond the risk paradigm, Routledge (2007), and Morals, rights, and practice in the human services, Jessica Kingsley (2007).

Nick Wilson, PhD, PG DipPsych (Clin), MNZPS (ICP &ICJP)

Nick has been working as a Clinical Psychologist for Corrections Psychological Service for the last ten years. His current role is as a senior advisor with responsibility for the provision of specialist training and research in the area of risk assessment and offender management. He has carried out extensive research into the area of risk assessment involving youth and adult offenders, with violent and sex offences, using actuarial and structured interview assessment measures. Nick is also involved in piloting intensive treatment programs for high risk rapists and violent psychopathic offenders. He has been involved in designing the revised structured decision making process for the New Zealand Parole Board, as well as training board members in risk assessment procedures. Nick is also the current clinical leader of the department’s specialist risk assessment team. Nick provides specialised training in New Zealand and Australia on the assessment of criminal psychopathy and has lectured extensively on forensic risk assessment issues.

Professor Paul Wilson, OAM

Currently Chair of Criminology and Forensic Psychologist at Bond University Professor Paul Wilson has been Foundation Dean of Humanities and Social Sciences at the Queensland Institute of Technology and also at Bond University. Professor Wilson has given evidence or written reports in many major cases involving violent offenders, the effects of solitary confinement, post traumatic stress and on the effects of imprisonment. He has he held academic appointments at the University of Queensland and a number of visiting Professorships at American research institutes and universities. Professor Wilson has also been a Fulbright Scholar and held the prestigious Library Fellowship at Rutgers University’s School of Criminal Justice. He is the author or co-author of 30 books on crime and related social issues, the author of hundreds of academic journal articles or research reports on criminological issues and was for six years Director of Research and, at times Acting Director, at the Australian Institute of Criminology. Some of his books include Black Death White Hands, Murder in Tandem and Murder of the Innocents: Child Killers and their Victims, and The Australian Criminal Justice System. In 2003 he was awarded the Order of Australia Medal for services to criminology.

Richard Wortley, PhD

Richard Wortley is a Professor in the Griffith University’s School of Criminology and Criminal Justice. He began his career as a prison psychologist in the NSW correctional system, where he stayed for ten years before moving to academia. His chief research interest is the role of immediate environments on criminal and other problem behaviour, especially as it applies to prison behaviour and sexual offending. Recent books include Situational Prison Control: Crime Prevention in Correctional Institutions and Situational Prevention of Child Sexual Abuse (edited with Stephen Smallbone). He is a past national chair of the Australian Psychological Society’s College of Forensic Psychologists.

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