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Book cover image
Hole's Human Anatomy & Physiology, 9/e
David Shier, Washtenaw Community College
Ricki Lewis, The University at Albany
Jackie Butler, Grayson County Community College

Cells

Multiple Choice Quiz

Please answer all questions



1

What is the basic structural unit of the body?
A)tissue
B)organ
C)organelle
D)cell
2

Which of the following are the smallest cells?
A)human ovum
B)red blood cell
C)white blood cell
D)smooth muscle cell
3

Two major parts of a cell are the nucleus and _____.
A)membrane
B)organelle
C)reticulum
D)mitochondrion
4

A ribosome is an example of a _____.
A)nuclear membrane
B)organelle
C)inclusion
D)protein
5

A cell membrane allows only needed substances to pass and is therefore called _____.
A)permeable
B)passive
C)active
D)selective
6

A human cell membrane is comprised of the following except which one?
A)lipids
B)proteins
C)carbohydrates
D)nucleic acids
7

The following terms belong together except which one?
A)protein
B)phospholipid
C)hydrophilic ends
D)hydrophobic ends
8

The following molecules freely pass through a cell membrane except which one?
A)oxygen
B)carbon dioxide
C)amino acids
D)certain lipids
9

Hormones come in contact with the _____ molecules in a membrane.
A)lipid
B)rod-like protein
C)globular protein
D)integral protein
10

The selective movement of ions through a membrane occurs through areas called _____.
A)pores
B)peripheral protein regions
C)channels
D)receptors
11

The _____ proteins in a membrane function as enzymes.
A)peripheral
B)structural
C)integral
D)rod-like
12

The cells in heart muscle are often held together by areas called _____.
A)desmosomes
B)tight junctions
C)gap junctions
D)intercellular fluid
13

The inside lining of the digestive tract is lined with cells that are held together by _____.
A)gap junctions
B)tight junctions
C)connective tissue
D)desmosomes
14

The _____ contains enzymes that are associated with protein synthesis.
A)mitochondrion
B)ribosome
C)lysosome
D)Golgi body
15

The _____ functions to package molecules into vesicles that can be transported out of a cell.
A)ribosome
B)nucleus
C)Golgi apparatus
D)centriole apparatus
16

A combination of a sugar with a protein is a _____.
A)lipoprotein
B)glycoprotein
C)complex protein
D)nuclear protein
17

The _____ functions as a sac-like or tubular network of structures that provides transport.
A)ribosome
B)lysosome
C)endoplasmic reticulum
D)centriole microtubules
18

The _____ is the source of most of the cellular energy.
A)ribosome
B)cytosol
C)mitochondrion
D)lysosome
19

The cristae are the shelf-like portions of the _____.
A)mitochondria
B)ribosome
C)inclusion bodies
D)centrosome
20

The _____ contain enzymes that are used to degrade foreign particles as well as cell structures.
A)centrioles
B)lysosomes
C)peroxisomes
D)mitochondria
21

Catalase is an enzyme, which degrades _____.
A)hydrogen peroxide
B)cell membranes
C)bacteria
D)peroxidase
22

The _____ is the organelle that plays a complex function in cell reproduction.
A)centriole
B)centrosome
C)chromosome
D)lysosome
23

The structures that cause fluids and mucus to move across their surface are the _____.
A)flagella
B)basal bodies
C)cilia
D)microfilaments
24

Flagella can occur on the cells of the following except:
A)sperm
B)kidneys
C)intestine
D)testes
25

Membranous sacs that contain fluids or particles for transport are called the _____.
A)microtubules
B)microfilaments
C)vesicles
D)inclusion bodies
26

The protein actin is found in _____, which results in some type of movement or contraction.
A)Golgi bodies
B)microfilaments
C)microtubules
D)cilia
27

The following belong together except which one?
A)microtubule
B)microfilament
C)aid in DNA movement
D)comprise an internal skeleton
28

What is the term for chemical particles in a cell which appear lifeless and have no obvious function?
A)inclusion
B)organelle
C)vesicle
D)macromolecule
29

The following are inclusions except which one?
A)glycogen
B)melanin
C)lipids
D)vesicles
30

The movement of particles from higher to lower concentration is termed _____.
A)active transport
B)dialysis
C)diffusion
D)osmosis
31

The following will increase the rate of diffusion except which factor?
A)increased temperature
B)increased concentration
C)increased molecular weight
D)shorter distances
32

Movement of particles from higher to lower concentrations through a membrane, such as in dialysis, occurs by _____.
A)diffusion
B)active transport
C)osmosis
D)filtration
33

Insulin usually increases the movement of glucose through a cell membrane by a process called _____.
A)facilitation diffusion
B)osmosis
C)active transport
D)pinocytosis
34

Membranes that have a higher osmotic pressure on one side, tend to _____.
A)repel water
B)draw water towards that side
C)repel water from that side
D)stop the movement of water
35

Hypertonic solutions tend to causes cells to _____.
A)burst
B)increase in diameter
C)shrink
D)intake water
36

Normal isotonic sodium chloride solution is _____%.
A)10
B)0.9
C)5
D)12
37

The movement of a salt through a membrane, such as in a kidney, because of pressure differences is _____.
A)filtration
B)dialysis
C)diffusion
D)active transport
38

Hydrostatic refers to pressure of _____.
A)salts
B)the membrane
C)solutes
D)the solvent
39

Movement of molecules from low to high concentrations is _____.
A)facilitated diffusion
B)active transport
C)passive transport
D)dialysis
40

The ability of leukocytes to engulf bacteria is due to the process of _____.
A)phagocytosis
B)pinocytosis
C)endocytosis
D)receptor-mediated endocytosis
41

In receptor-mediated endocytosis, an LDL particle of cholesterol is attracted to cells that contain _____.
A)lipoproteins
B)apoprotein-B receptors
C)HDL
D)cholesterol
42

During mitosis, the number of chromosomes _____.
A)remains the same
B)is doubled
C)is cut in half
D)changes to 46
43

The process, which divides the cytoplasm in half, is specifically termed _____.
A)karyokinesis
B)cytokinesis
C)mitosis
D)meiosis
44

The process that results in daughter cells with half of the original chromosome number is _____.
A)mitosis
B)prophase
C)meiosis
D)karyokinesis
45

At which stages does the chromosome number double?
A)prophase
B)metaphase
C)interphase
D)telophase
46

Chromosomes are aligned along the equatorial line during the _____ stage of division.
A)prophase
B)metaphase
C)anaphase
D)telophase
47

The _____ stages occurs when two daughter cells have completely formed.
A)interphase
B)prophase
C)metaphase
D)telophase
48

Two chromatids are attached at the _____ region.
A)terminal
B)centromere
C)centrosome
D)centriole
49

The centromeres divide during the _____ stage of mitosis.
A)prophase
B)metaphase
C)anaphase
D)telophase
50

The process _____ explains how embryonic cells become specialized and diverse.
A)mitosis
B)meiosis
C)interphase
D)differentiation
51

The main division process in the early embryo is _____.
A)mitosis
B)meiosis
C)karyokinesis
D)metastasis
52

Cancer cells can disseminate to other areas by a process called _____.
A)metaphase
B)anaplasia
C)hyperplasia
D)metastasis
53

During hyperplasia, cells are dividing at a rapid rate and may progress towards a _____ state.
A)cancer
B)hypertrophy
C)metaplasia
D)metastasis
54

Which channel-blocker medication can be used to treat hypertension or angina pectoris?
A)sodium
B)calcium
C)potassium
D)chloride
55

What type of cell is a bacterium?
A)eukaryotic
B)archaeal
C)prokaryotic
D)viroid