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Gilbert's Living with Art, 6/e
Mark Getlein

Arts in Time
Ancient Mediterranean Worlds

Learning Objectives

In addition to being able to recognize all of the key terms, artists, and artworks presented to you in the chapter, after reading the chapter you should be able to:


distinguish between the Paleolithic and Neolithic Periods in terms of time and cultural developments.


describe some of the earliest Paleolithic images known and explain where they were discovered.


describe the conditions that foster the preservation of artworks for thousands of years making certain ancient artifacts available for us to study today.


locate the geographic regions occupied by the following ancient Mesopotamian cultures, and identify their development chronologically:
  • Akkadian
  • Assyrian
  • Babylonian
  • Neo-Babylonian
  • Sumerian


identify which ancient Mesopotamian cultures above developed the following innovations:
  • cuneiform writing
  • Hammurabi's Code
  • true arch
  • ziggurat


describe the way ancient Egyptian depictions of the human body express that culture's concern for order and stability, using specific artworks as examples, and provide an example of the use of hierarchical scale.


discuss the unique characteristics of the Egyptian style of art from the Amarna Period and explain the reasons for this shift in style, using specific artworks as examples.


locate the geographic regions occupied by the following ancient Aegean cultures, and identify their development chronologically:
  • Cycladic
  • Minoan
  • Mycenaean


distinguish between the geometric style and the red-figure style of ancient Greek vase painting.


discuss the building project for the Acropolis undertaken in ancient Greece-name the patron, the project manager, the architects, the individual buildings and their function, and the time period.


compare and contrast the characteristics of ancient Greek figurative sculpture as they developed from the Archaic Period through the Classical Period and into the Hellenistic Period, using the two kouros figures, the Spear Bearer, and the Laocoön Group reproduced in this chapter as examples.


locate the geographic region of the Roman Empire as it spread from the first century B.C.E. through the first century C.E.


discuss the characteristics of ancient Roman portraiture in sculpture and the innovation of the equestrian portrait.


explain why the frescoes of the Roman colonies of Pompeii and Herculaneum are so well preserved, and describe one of them.


describe the structure of the Colosseum in Rome and its original function.


discuss the various cultural influences that are evident in the Mummy of Artemidoros and describe the flow of these cultural influences.