The walled, upward extension of the nave that is pierced with windows is called the
Because Christianity emphasized congregational worship, a fundamental change in the _________ was needed.
|A)||architectural design of places of worship|
|B)||iconography of the church|
|C)||placement of the altar|
|D)||hierarchy of the gods|
|E)||all of the above|
The cross-shaped floor plan of a church is formed by the combined shapes of the nave and the
The major axis of a central-plan church, such as the church of San Vitale in Ravenna, is
The mosaic, Christ as the Sun, exemplifies early Christian artists' appropriation of _______ iconography.
|E)||both b and d|
Unlike their Greek and Roman predecessors, the Byzantine artists preferred
|A)||re-creation of daily life in their art.|
|B)||a natural, more realistic art.|
|C)||calligraphy in their art.|
|D)||a flattened, abstracted style of art|
|E)||both a and b|
Architects of Romanesque churches began installing _______ around the apse, which allowed the overflow of pilgrims to circulate freely around the interior of the church.
_______ is a pattern or patterns formed by intricately interwoven ribbons or bands.
The art and architecture of the high Middle Ages is generally divided into two periods, the _____ and the _____.
|A)||Romanesque / Carolingian|
|B)||Renaissance / Gothic|
|C)||Romanesque / Gothic|
|D)||Romanesque / Renaissance|
|E)||Gothic / Carolingian|
All the following are features of Romanesque architecture EXCEPT
|A)||thick stone walls|
|B)||barrel-vaulted stone ceilings.|
|D)||large windows of stained glass.|
Gothic cathedrals are known especially for
|A)||the privacy and intimacy of their interior spaces.|
|B)||their stained glass windows.|
|C)||their heavy Romanesque walls.|
|D)||their idyllic French countryside locations.|
|E)||rounded arches and symmetrical towers.|
The technique in which colored yarns are sewn to an existing woven background is called
The _________ is the walkway directly in front of a church that serves as the entry porch.
Duccio and Giotto, two artists whose innovations greatly influenced Renaissance painting styles, were in turn influenced by
|A)||Byzantine and Gothic traditions.|
|C)||art of the animal style.|
|E)||none of the above|
Abbot Suger's church near Paris, Saint Denis, is the first ______ church ever built.
The Palace Chapel at Aachen was built for ________ as his personal place of worship.
|D)||William of Normandy|
What purpose do the carved figures serve that adorn the entryways at Chartres Cathedral?
|A)||They serve as reminders that one is entering a sacred space.|
|B)||They are structural, holding up the archways above the doors.|
|C)||They form a narrative, telling the story of Sainte Foy.|
|D)||They are purely decorative, serving no real purpose.|
|E)||both c and d.|
Soaring open spaces, pointed arches, ribbed vaulting, flying buttresses, and stained glass windows are characteristic of
|C)||the church of Sainte Foy.|
|E)||the Palace Chapel of Charlemagne.|
In his painting __________, the artist Duccio pioneered the use of architecture to define space and direct movement.
|A)||Icon with the Crucifixion|
|B)||Gospel Book of Durrow|
|C)||Christ Entering Jerusalem |
The transition from Romanesque to Gothic style can be seen in the ______ at Chartres Cathedral.
|E)||both a and d|