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Judith Tanka, University of California, Los Angeles
Lida R. Baker, University of California, Los Angeles

Jobs and Professions

Listening for Main Ideas

Listen to this excerpt from a lecture. What statement best expresses the overall conclusion of the speaker?


A)The American job market has changed from a manufacturing economy to a service economy.
B)Because the U.S job market has changed so much in the last 100 years, the best way to prepare for the job market today is to get a college education.
C)Automation, foreign competition, and changes in the population are the main causes of the shift in the U.S. economy.
D)Some service jobs in the U.S. are low paying and often don't provide benefits like health insurance or a retirement plan.