Diocletian organized the government into a tetrarchy, which divided the empire into...
|C)||a western and an eastern half.|
The most important factor in the so-called fall of Rome was...
|A)||invasions of people from the north.|
|B)||economic decline and inflation.|
|C)||invasions of people from the east and south.|
|D)||the clash between military and civilian power in the government.|
New philosophies like Neo-Platonism typically attracted _____ people, as had the similar philosophies of the Hellenistic kingdoms.
In the third century, emperors trying to quell crisis tried to force all subjects of the empire, with the exception of the Jews, to...
|A)||worship the imperial cult.|
|B)||worship the cult of Isis.|
|C)||convert to Christianity.|
|D)||tolerate other religions.|
Once the empire embraced Christianity, _____ became the backbone of imperial governance and increasingly handled secular affairs.
Germanic women participated in many activities, including agriculture, but their primary responsibilities were...
|A)||caring for the cattle.|
|D)||household care and pottery and textiles.|
Ulfila, who helped convert the Visigoths and Ostrogoths, had been influenced by the teachings of...
|D)||the Council of Nicaea.|
The Merovingian family often used _____ as a means of consolidating their rule.
|A)||conversion to Christianity|
The purpose of the Corpus Juris Civilis was to...
|A)||preserve Justinian's innovative law code.|
|B)||recapture lost taxes.|
|C)||organize and clarify Roman law.|
|D)||rewrite the laws that interfered with Justinian's rule.|
The people of Constantinople gathered in the _____ to see the chariot races.
Part of the motive in prohibiting the worship of icons was...
|A)||to promote western values.|
|B)||to compromise with Islam.|
|C)||to challenge the power of icon-producing monasteries.|
|D)||to resolve the disputes discussed at the Council of Chalcedon.|
The _____ brought Christianity to the Slavic peoples.
Mecca was an important city for which of the following reasons?
|A)||It was both a trading center and a site of worship.|
|B)||It gathered Jews, Christians, and Muslims in one urban center.|
|C)||It was Muhammad's base when he spread his ideas to the Bedouins.|
|D)||It was the site of the Hijrah.|
In 732, the Muslim forces were defeated by...
|A)||Pepin the Short.|
The Muslims tolerated Jews and Christians because...
|A)||they all shared the same scriptures and god.|
|B)||Christians and Jews had trade relations with Muslims.|
|C)||Christians and Jews did not resist.|
|D)||Christians and Jews resisted vigorously and were granted autonomy.|
The Umayyad caliphate, located in Damascus, emphasized...
|A)||the importance of Mecca.|
Gregory the Great extended his power by...
|A)||acting as a territorial ruler in addition to acting as head of the church.|
|B)||describing earthly power as two swords, one of which he wielded.|
|C)||refusing to offer financial assistance to distant churches.|
|D)||convincing the Huns and Vandals to spare Rome.|
The establishment of monasteries in Ireland aided the process of conversion because...
|A)||the monks used knowledge of paganism to convert the Irish.|
|B)||Ireland lacked the ecclesiastical structures of the rest of the West.|
|C)||monks from Briton came to work with the Irish monks.|
|D)||bishops exercised more authority.|
Justice among the early Germanic peoples depended upon...
|D)||principles of Roman law.|
The northern lands ruled by Guthrum in the 9th century came to be known as...
Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne emperor after Charlemagne...
|A)||threatened to attack and beat him during a procession.|
|B)||married Irene, the Byzantine empress.|
|C)||converted to Christianity.|
|D)||restored order in Rome.|
Louis the Pious's sons contributed to the disintegration of Charlemagne's sons by...
|A)||engaging in religious disputes.|
|B)||compromising with the Byzantine Empire.|
|C)||fighting amongst themselves.|
|D)||encouraging the emigration of Vikings and Magyars to their lands.|
Northmen usually migrated for which of the following reasons?
|A)||violence and wealth|
|D)||to increase navigational skills|
The Vikings abandoned their settlements in North America because...
|A)||the land was too poor for agriculture.|
|B)||there were no gold coins to hoard.|
|C)||their relations with natives turned violent.|
|D)||the Amerindians refused to trade.|
In the eleventh century, Scandinavians...
|A)||continued to raid parts of Europe.|
|B)||refused to convert to Christianity.|
|C)||converted to Christianity.|
|D)||joined the Byzantine army.|
In addition to the produce of their fields, peasants relied upon _____ for additional food.
|A)||farm animals and the resources of the forest|
|B)||gifts of meat from their lords|
|D)||handouts from the church|
In exchange for the labor of peasants, lords provided...
|A)||cloth and an occasional coin.|
|B)||festivals and celebrations.|
|D)||capital investments, justice, and protection.|
In addition to land, lords often owed their vassals...
|B)||aid and counsel.|
|D)||advocacy in court.|
In what ways did noble women exert some autonomy in their lives under the manorial landholding system?
|A)||Girls were allowed freedom of choice in marriage.|
|B)||Women managed manors and financial affairs while their husbands were away.|
|C)||Being widowed exempted women from feudal obligations.|
|D)||They could take more than one husband.|
"Feudalism" best describes…
|A)||a later legal understanding of the lord and vassal relationships between members of the nobility.|
|B)||European civilization in the middle ages.|
|C)||the relationship between landlords and peasants.|
|D)||A system of blood-feuds in medieval Germany.|