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Medieval Europe, 9/e
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The Later Middle Ages: Crisis and Creativity
Medieval History 9e Cover

Multiple Choice Quiz


At the beginning of the late Middle Ages, people were forced to kill their livestock because....
A)of poor weather conditions.
B)the plowing of common fields eliminated grazing areas.
C)yields were falling as a result of a lack of fertilizer.
D)of famine.

Those who did not succumb to starvation during the famine in the early 14th century...
A)resorted to flagellation.
B)were more susceptible to infection.
C)plowed over common fields.
D)hoarded grain.

The plague came to Europe by way of...
A)ships from the Middle East carrying rats.
B)bad air.
C)cold winters and wet summers.

The revolts of the fourteenth century led to...
A)the overthrow of the social order.
B)laws freezing wages.
C)punishment of the corrupt nobility by the king.
D)few immediate changes but some gradual improvements for peasants and urban workers.

After the popes moved to Avignon, they never again...
A)returned to Rome.
B)expanded their administration.
C)focused on secular rather than spiritual concerns.
D)tried to tax the French kings.

Critics of the papacy's move to Avignon thought that...
A)the church had retreated from secular leadership.
B)the move had contributed to the disasters plaguing Europe.
C)the pope should always be of Italian origin.
D)the French popes were the Anti-Christ.

The conciliarists believed that...
A)the popes' power should not be limited.
B)popes should be elected for political reasons.
C)the popes' power should be limited.
D)the papacy should focus as much on secular matters as on spiritual ones.

Wycliffe argued that...
A)the Bible confirmed the authority of the pope.
B)there was no evidence for papal supremacy in the Bible.
C)the clergy should enhance its spiritual power with material wealth.
D)Bohemia deserved independence.

The feudal cause of the Hundred Years' War was...
A)the Flemish claims to the French crown.
B)Flemish support of Edward's claims to the French crown.
C)Philip's refusal to accept Edward as his liege lord.
D)Edward's refusal to accept Philip as his liege lord.

Mounted knights became obsolete during the Hundred Years' War with...
A)the introduction of longbows.
B)the introduction of pikes.
C)the introduction of mounted cavalry.
D)the introduction of longbows, pikes, and especially gunpowder.

The English gained the advantage in the last stage of the war with...
A)Henry's reassertion of claims to the French crown.
B)the defection of the Burgundians to the English cause.
C)the strategy of avoiding major confrontations.
D)the destruction of the French cavalry at the Battle of Crecy.

Edward the Black Prince was ultimately defeated by...
A)lack of funds.
B)the use of gunpowder.
C)an unsuitable marriage.

In the Divine Comedy, Dante is guided through hell by...
B)his contemporaries.
C)the pope.
D)Virgil, the Roman poet.

Boccaccio's Decameron reflects the impact of the plague on Italian society in which of the following ways?
A)The story incorporated elements of Aquinas' theology.
B)The characters journey together on a pilgrimage.
C)The characters reinforce chivalric ideals.
D)The stories demonstrate a new permissiveness.

Jan van Eyck's techniques revealed new trends in realism, which _____ helped him portray.
A)the use of oil paint
B)the symbolic meaning of the statue of St. Margaret
C)the use of religious symbols like candles
D)the ideals of the Middle Ages

Genghis Khan was the first Mongol leader to...
A)tolerate Buddhism within his empire.
B)pay tribute to the Russians.
C)use a written Mongol language and law code.
D)accept Europeans as emissaries.

The Polos traveled to the far reaches of the Mongol Empire...
A)to convert the Mongols.
B)to trade Venetian spices for oriental cloth.
C)as emissaries of the Ottoman Empire.
D)on trading journeys.

The Ottomans conquered Constantinople under the rule of...
A)Constantine XI Palaeologus
B)Mehmed II
C)Suleiman II

Ivan III struggled to reestablish...
A)the Byzantine Empire.
C)the Mongol Khanate.
D)the Duchy of Moscow.

The famine that initiated the disasters of the fourteenth century was the result of...
A)bad weather and declining agricultural productivity.
B)hoarding of seeds by merchants.
C)reduced amounts of fertilizer.
D)the bubonic plague.