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Hole's Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology, 8/e
David N. Shier, Washtenaw Community College
Jackie L. Butler, Grayson County College
Ricki Lewis, SUNY - Albany

Feature Summary

Hole's Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology is written with the student in mind. Several features ease learning difficult concepts and terminology.

Chapter Objectives

Before beginning to study a chapter, carefully read the chapter objectives. These indicate what a student should be able to do after mastering the information within the narrative. The review exercises at the end of each chapter are phrased as detailed objectives, and reading them before beginning to study is also helpful. Both the chapter objectives and the review exercises are guides that identify important chapter topics.

Aids to Understanding Words

Aids to Understanding Words, found at the beginning of each chapter and in the appendix, help build vocabulary. These sections define root words, stems, prefixes, and suffixes that help the student discover word meanings, and then apply these definitions in example words. Studying these lists will help with understanding and remembering scientific word meanings.

Key Terms and Pronunciations

A list of key terms and their phonetic pronunciations at the beginning of each chapter helps build science vocabulary. The key terms are boldfaced, defined within the chapter, and followed again by pronunciations when the term is first introduced. These terms are likely to be found in subsequent chapters. The glossary at the end of the book explains phonetic pronunciations.

Chapter Opening Vignettes

The authors provide interesting and thought-provoking vignettes that introduce the chapter topics.

Check Your Recall Review Questions

This edition continues to have review questions at the ends of major sections in each chapter to test understanding of the material just covered.


The text design injects new life into the study of Anatomy and Physiology. Bright, bold, modern colors are used throughout the feature boxes, tables, and chapter openers making them easy to recognize.


The new art program is designed to support the text and beyond. Labels and legends go only as far as the text itself. However, the detail of the figures is accurate enough to support more detailed discussion if the instructor or the student chooses further investigation.

Facts of Life briefs are fun bits of A&P trivia information scattered throughout the text adding a touch of wonder to chapter topics and concepts.

Boxed Information

Short paragraphs in colored boxes apply ideas and facts in the narrative to clinical situations. Some boxes describe changes in body structure and function that result from disease.

Genetics Connections

Genetics Connection explores the molecular underpinnings of familiar as well as not-so-familiar illnesses.

Topics of Interest

Longer boxes, entitled "Topic of Interest," discuss disorders, physiological responses to environmental factors, and other topics of general interest.

ORGANization Illustrations

ORGANization illustrations, found at the end of selected chapters, conceptually link the highlighted body system to every other system and reinforce the dynamic interplays between groups of organs. These graphic representations stress the "big picture" in learning and applying anatomy and physiology.

Clinical Connections

These new briefs are integrated at the end of several chapters to "pull the concepts together". The short vignettes help students make a vital real-life connection to the chapter material.

Clinical Terms

At the end of many chapters are lists of related terms often used in clinical situations. These terms, along with their phonetic pronunciations and brief definitions, are helpful to understanding medical terminology.

Chapter Summaries

An end-of-chapter summary in outline form helps you review the chapter's main ideas.

Review Exercises and Critical Thinking

End-of-chapter review exercises check understanding of the chapter's major ideas. Critical thinking questions, many of them new, coax you to apply information to clinical situations.

Web Connections

This end-of-chapter feature directs students to helpful online websites that will promote greater understanding of chapter content.

Reference Plates

Reference plates continue to be a strong feature in this edition. One set illustrates the structure and location of major internal organs. Its white background improves contrast, making the art more vibrant and detail easier to see. Another set of reference plates depicts the structural detail of the human skull. All reference plates have a colored tab down the length of the page for easy access.

Unit and Chapter Tabs

Colored tabs on page edges highlight unit and chapter openers and provide easier reference.