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Introduction to Geography, 8/e

Population Geography

Problems

Web Page Questions:

Answer the following questions using the web pages listed in the chapter.
1. Population Reference Bureau - http://www.prb.org
When will India surpass China in total population? ________________________________________________
2. Select the "US in the World" option. Find your state and its corresponding country.
What are the common characteristics which link these two regions? __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________

Problems:

1. The population pyramid is used to provide a visual impression of the age and sex composition of a country's population. A country's population by age and sex cohorts is provided in the following table. In order to construct the population pyramid:
1. Calculate the percentage of the total population for each sex and age cohort.
2. Construct the population pyramid on the diagram provided.
3. Referring to the population pyramids given in your text, which one resembles the constructed pyramid? ___________________________________________
4. What is the total percentage of?
• males? _______________
• females? _______________
5. What is the total percentage of dependents in the population? _______________
 Age Males Percent Females Percent 0 - 4 1,911,500 1,890,800 5 - 9 1,884,900 1,884,900 10 - 14 1,797,700 1,700,700 15 - 19 1,913,300 1,813,700 20 - 24 2,281,800 2,202,300 25 - 29 2,395,900 2,343,700 30 - 34 2,120,300 2,104,800 35 - 39 1,896,000 1,893,900 40 - 44 2,070,300 2,071,800 45 - 49 1,758,400 1,760,800 50 - 54 1,533,100 1,540,900 55 - 59 1,445,000 1,474,900 60 - 64 1,392,800 1,500,500 65 - 69 1,291,000 1,502,500 70 - 74 982,800 1,298,800 75 - 79 727,000 1,136,200 80+ 649,400 1,496,100
• Total males _________
• Total females _________
• Total population _________

<a onClick="window.open('/olcweb/cgi/pluginpop.cgi?it=gif::Age Chart::/sites/dl/free/0072367229/9466/Image06_01.gif','popWin', 'width=448,height=505,resizable,scrollbars');" href="#"><img valign="absmiddle" height="16" width="16" border="0" src="/olcweb/styles/shared/linkicons/image.gif">Age Chart (186.0K)</a>Age Chart

2. Using Figure 6.17, Stages in the Demographic Transition, and the crude birth and death rates from the Appendix, place each of the following countries into its appropriate demographic stages.

 Region Birth Rate Death Rate Natural Increase Stage in Cycle Morocco New Zealand Ethiopia Qatar Malta Laos Costa Rica Germany Bulgaria Paraguay

3. Using the Appendix, for each of the following population characteristics, list the top five and bottom five ranking countries.

a. Natural Increase
 Top Bottom

b. Infant Mortality
 Top Bottom

c. Total Life Expectancy
 Top Bottom

d. Fertility Rates
 Top Bottom

Critical Thinking Questions

1. Explain how population pyramids can be used to plan for the needs of a country's population 20-50 years into the future. Give an example using the need to provide a population with social services.
2. Discuss the statement "Famine has always been a region's natural population control."
3. Suppose that you are the head of a space exploration agency from a planet many light years from Earth. The long-range sensors on the probe you directed into the Earth's solar system has mapped the third planet from the sun using scanners sensitive enough to map Earth's surface features. Analyzing the data, you decide NOT to send a landing party to Earth. Why?
4. In your capacity as a researcher for a consulting company, you have been given the task of suggesting ways to alleviate an overpopulation problem on an island in a developing country. Discuss in detail two research methods you would use to assess the situation on the island and two options you would present to your client to alleviate the situation. For each research method tell why you would select it and the type of information it would provide. For each option, tell why it is workable and within what approximate time frame (short term/medium term/long term) each one would have an effect.
5. In your capacity as a researcher for a consulting company, you have been given the task of assessing whether an island of Indonesia is suitable for the relocation of 15,000 people. Discuss in detail two research methods you would use to gather information about the island and two environmental factors that must be taken into consideration as part of your assessment.