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Sociology: The Core, 6/e
Michael Hughes, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University
Carolyn J. Kroehler
James W. Vander Zanden, The Ohio State University (Emeritus)

Developing a Sociological Consciousness

Multiple Choice Quiz


A)has been used to study social interaction for over 500 years.
B)is the scientific study of social interaction and organization.
C)has little bearing on public policy.
D)is most useful when applied to abstract - as opposed to practical - matters.

Who coined the term "sociology" and is generally considered to be the "founder" of sociology?
A)Karl Marx
B)Auguste Comte
C)Max Weber
D)Emile Durkheim

The application of evolutionary notions and the concept of the "survival of the fittest" to society is called:
A)class conflict.
B)dialectical materialism.
C)social dynamics.
D)social Darwinism.

Those aspects of social life that have to do with order, stability, and social organization that allow societies and groups to hold together and endure are called:
A)social statics.
B)social dynamics.
C)social absolutes.
D)constructed reality.

Who wrote the first book on the methodology of social research, How to Observe Manners and Morals?
A)Herbert Spencer
B)Emily Post
C)Harriet Martineau
D)Emile Durkheim

Weber's view that sociologists must not allow their personal biases to affect the conduct of their research is called:
B)dialectical materialism.
C)social facts.
D)value-free sociology.

Which of the following was supported by Durkheim's study of suicide?
A)Catholics had higher rates of suicide than Protestants.
B)Rates of suicide were higher in times of war than in times of peace.
C)Rates of suicide were lower in times of recession than in times of economic stability.
D)Individuals who were enmeshed in meaningful social bonds were less inclined to commit suicide.

What major contribution did W.E.B. DuBois make to sociology?
A)He developed a theoretical understanding of racial inequality.
B)He conducted research on the upper classes of Philadelphia.
C)He chaired the first Department of Sociology at the University of Chicago.
D)none of the above

Contemporary sociology includes:
A)evolutionary relativism.
B)liberal feminism and explicit examination of women's social roles and experiences.
C)postmodernism, feminism, and critical theory.
D)a combination of biological theory, conflict theory, and evolutionary theory.

Students at Bailey University staged a sit-in to protest the University's decision to cancel its longstanding policy of exempting graduating seniors from final exams. Which theoretical perspective provides the strongest framework for analyzing this situation?
A)Interactionist, because the University and the students didn't share the same understanding about final exams.
B)Conflict, because this is an example of a power struggle between two groups with conflicting ideas and interests.
C)Functionalist, because teaching college students to protest is a manifest function of education.
D)none of the above

One purpose of education is to help students acquire the skills they need to be successful in society. This is an example of a(n):
A)constructed reality.
B)latent function.
C)manifest function.
D)entrenched function.

Constructed reality is:
A)the ability to control the behavior of others.
B)the principle that meaning derives from social interaction in daily life.
C)the observed consequences that permit the adaptation or adjustment of a system.
D)an artificial explanation of culture that exists apart from any social reality or shared social meaning.

In the library, Louanne observes a woman sitting at a table by herself. A man comes up and sits at the other end of the table. The woman frowns and shakes her head "no." The man gets up and moves to another table. Louanne concludes that the woman did not want to share a study table. The theoretical perspective Louanne is using is:
A)the conflict perspective.
B)the functionalist perspective.
C)the interactionist perspective.
D)none of the above.

In her research on nannies, Wrigley:
A)was easily able to tap into the social world of nannies and their relationships with their employers.
B)used field methods of intensive interviewing and participant observation.
C)found nannies eager to talk to her, even to be tape recorded.
D)was unable to speak with employers because of their busy schedules.

In an experiment, two groups are identical except for the change that researchers introduce into one group. That group is called:
A)the contaminated group.
B)the control group.
C)the experimental group.
D)the neutral standard.

When conducting social research, what is the next step in the scientific method after a review of the literature?
A)collecting data
B)choosing a research design
C)selecting a researchable problem
D)formulating a hypothesis

A)is one of the easiest tools for sociological inquiry because it requires only good note taking.
B)is not subject to the same controls that are applied to other methods.
C)requires the involvement of the researcher in the activity being studied.
D)may be unobtrusive or participant.

A)are exempt from the considerations of research ethics that govern biological researchers.
B)have not been able to agree on a code of ethics.
C)enjoy the same privileges as attorneys in protecting subjects' privacy.
D)should obtain informed consent in cases where subjects may be exposed to risks of research that are greater than the risks of everyday life.

The authors explain that feminist research methodology:
A)is an approach to research which emphasizes inclusion, fairness, and humaneness.
B)places its main emphasis on concrete theories.
C)stresses that all human emotions are to be ignored.
D)all of the above

Which of the following research methods uses existing records?
A)survey research
B)questionnaire research
C)archival research
D)observational research