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Understanding Psychology Book Cover Image
Understanding Psychology, 6/e
Robert S. Feldman, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Motivation and Emotion

anorexia nervosa  A severe eating disorder in which people may refuse to eat, while denying that their behavior and appearance,which can become skeletonlike, are unusualanorexia_nervosa (219.0K)
arousal approaches to motivation  The belief that we try to maintain a certain level of stimulation and activity, increasing or reducing them as necessary
bulimia  A disorder in which a person binges on incredibly large quantities of food, then purges by vomiting or by using laxativesbulimia (183.0K)
Cannon-Bard theory of emotion  The belief that both physiological and emotional arousal are produced simultaneously by the same nerve stimulus
cognitive approaches of motivation  The theory suggesting that motivation is a product of people's thoughts and expectations-their cognitions
display rules  The guidelines that govern the appropriateness of showing emotion nonverbally
drive  Motivational tension, or arousal, that energizes behavior in order to fulfill some need
drive-reduction approaches to motivation  A theory suggesting that when people lack some basic biological requirement such as water, a drive to obtain that requirement (in this case, the thirst drive) is produced
emotions  Feelings that generally have both physiological and cognitive elements and that influence behavior
facial-affect program  The activation of a set of nerve impulses that make the face display the appropriate expression
facial-feedback hypothesis  The hypothesis that facial expressions not only reflect emotional experience, they also help determine how people experience and label emotions
homeostasis  The body's tendency to maintain a steady internal state
incentive approaches to motivation  The theory suggesting that motivation stems from the desire to obtain valued*external goals, or incentives.
instincts  Inborn patterns of behavior that are biologically determined rather than learned
James-Lange theory of emotion  The belief that emotional experience is a reaction to bodily events occurring as a result of an external situation ("I feel sad because I am crying")
metabolism  The rate at which food is converted to energy and expended by the body
motivation  The factors that direct and energize the behavior of humans and other organisms
need for achievement  A stable, learned characteristic in which satisfaction is obtained by striving for and attaining a level of excellence
need for affiliation  An interest in establishing and maintaining relationships with other people
need for power  A tendency to seek impact, control, or influence over others, and to be seen as a powerful individual
obesity  The state of being more than 20 percent above the average weight for a person of one's heightobesity (121.0K)
Schachter-Singer theory of emotion  The belief that emotions are determined jointly by a nonspecific kind of physiological arousal and its interpretation, based on environmental cues.Schachter-Singer (239.0K)
self-actualization  According to Rogers, a state of self-fulfillment in which people realize their highest potential
weight set point  The particular level of weight that the body strives to maintain