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The Western Experience book cover
The Western Experience, 8/e
Mortimer Chambers, University of California - Los Angeles
Barbara Hanawalt, Ohio State University
Theodore Rabb, Princeton University
Isser Woloch, Columbia University
Raymond Grew, University of Michigan - Ann Arbor

Restoration of an Ordered Society

Multiple Choice


Feudalism involved all of the following EXCEPT
A)a commitment by a vassal to serve his lord in war and by giving council.
B)a commitment by a lord to defend his vassal militarily and in legal proceedings.
C)the grant by a lord of a fief, control of land and its peasants, to his vassal.
D)a payment by the vassal to the lord as rent for his fief.

Primogeniture (bequeathing a family's entire estate to the eldest son) had a strong impact on Europe because
A)it caused a wave of assassinations as younger siblings sought to secure the family fortune for themselves.
B)it forced younger sons to seek their fortunes as freebooters, as Church officials, or as crusaders.
C)it made it impossible for girls to get dowries to insure a suitable marriage.
D)it turned the younger generation against the older.

A manor was all of the following EXCEPT
A)a community of peasants.
B)a jurisdiction under the authority of a lord.
C)a unit of church government.
D)an economic unit.

Gender roles among peasants
A)were relatively undifferentiated.
B)made women the primary farm workers.
C)divided the work between the sexes.
D)left women free to care for their children.

Europeans coped with the growth of population in all of the following ways EXCEPT
A)clearing forests and draining swamps.
B)settling in the lands won by the Crusades.
C)emigrating to eastern Europe.
D)settling lands reconquered in Spain.

Which of the following was NOT a major trading zone in Medieval Europe?
A)The Mediterranean zone connecting southern Europe with North Africa and the Middle East.
B)The Northern zone encompassing the Baltic and North Seas.
C)The Atlantic zone that connected Northern Europe with North Africa and the Middle East.
D)The Overland zone that joined the Mediterranean and Northern zones.

The principal urban classes in the eleventh and early twelfth centuries included all of the following EXCEPT
A)wealthy patricians.
B)local merchants.
D)artisanal workers.

The most important event of the period for England's government was
A)the Norman conquest.
B)the final defeat of the Vikings.
C)the creation of the Domesday Book.
D)Henry I's administrative reforms.

The Capetian dynasty was able to establish itself by
A)aggressive conquests.
B)clever marriages.
C)fortunate childbearing.
D)widespread bribery.

The German ruler was the preeminent monarch for of all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A)the extent of the territories he ruled.
B)his status as "Roman Emperor."
C)his power in Italy as well as Germany.
D)his dynasty's secure claim to the throne.

All of the following were problems of the Church needing reform EXCEPT
A)the excessive authority of the Pope.
B)the sale of Church offices and services.
C)lay dominion over Church offices and lands.
D)the failure of the clergy to remain celibate.

The Cluniac movement helped reform monasteries because it
A)placed monasteries under the Pope and the Abbot of Cluny rather than local lords.
B)broke the hold of the Papacy on appointments to monastic leadership.
C)forced the Emperor to appeal to the Pope for support against his enemies in Germany.
D)it closed corrupt monasteries and distributed their members among reformed houses.

The reforming popes of the eleventh century accomplished all of the following EXCEPT
A)strengthening Papal supervision of the Church.
B)freeing the papacy from military dependence on the Emperor.
C)transferring much control over Church appointments from lay officials to Churchmen.
D)ending warfare among Christians by sponsoring the Crusades.

The investiture controversy was a struggle
A)to control the Church's lucrative investments.
B)to control Church appointments.
C)to invest the College of Cardinals with the authority to elect popes.
D)over the Emperors' cynical attempts to appoint corrupt popes.

Twelfth century popes consolidated Papal reforms by all of the following EXCEPT
A)strengthening the voice of Church councils.
B)sponsoring the codification of canon law.
C)expanding the Church's central bureaucracy.
D)extending the Church's judicial authority.

The origins of the crusades included all of the following EXCEPT
A)the taxes and tolls the Seljuk Turks charged Christian pilgrims to the Holy Lands.
B)the moves by the Seljuk Turks to prevent Christian pilgrims from reaching Palestine.
C)the disastrous defeat of the Byzantine Empire by the Seljuk Turks at Manzikert.
D)the desire of the Byzantine Emperor for Norman mercenaries in his counter-offensive.

The motives of the Crusaders included all of the following EXCEPT a desire to
A)win land and serfs.
B)do God's work.
C)gain farmland for their peasants.
D)gain God's favor.

The First Crusade can be termed
A)a costly stalemate.
B)a humiliating failure.
C)a resounding success.
D)a calculated compromise.

The crusader states survived in Palestine for about
A)2 years.
B)20 years.
C)200 years.
D)2000 years.

The Fourth Crusade accomplished all of the following EXCEPT
A)conquering the Christian city of Zara for Venice.
B)capturing and sacking Constantinople.
C)crippling the Byzantine Empire.
D)reaching the Holy Lands.

The military-religious orders established during the crusades included all of the following EXCEPT
A)the Templars.
B)The Hospitalers.
C)The Knights of Jerusalem.
D)The Teutonic Knights.

The crusades stimulated Europe in all of the following ways EXCEPT
A)castle design and siege techniques.
B)expanded trade and manufacturing.
C)increased reliance on indirect taxes.
D)heightened awareness of exotic cultures.