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Essentials of Psychology
Benjamin B Lahey, University of Chicago

Motivation and Emotion

Chapter Objectives

Upon completing this chapter, you will be able to:

1. Distinguish between motivation and emotion.

2. Describe the relationship between primary motives and homeostatic mechanisms.

3. Describe the biological and psychological regulation of hunger.

4. Discuss the biological and psychological regulation of thirst.

5. Define "psychological motive" and identify the following psychological motives: the need for novel stimulation, the need for affiliation, and the need for achievement.

6. Distinguish between optimal arousal theory and the Yerkes-Dodson law.

7. Compare research findings regarding the fear of failure and the fear of success.

8. Explain Solomon's opponent-process theory of motivation.

9. Distinguish between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.

10. Identify the components of Maslow's hierarchy of motives.

11. Recognize elements associated with definitions of emotion.

12. Distinguish among the James-Lange theory, the Cannon-Bard theory, and the cognitive theory of emotion.

13. Identify the elements associated with lie detection and understand lie detection's effectiveness.

14. Recognize the role of learning and culture in emotions.

15. Distinguish among the following theories of aggression: Freud's instinct theory, the frustration-aggression theory, and the social learning theory.

16. Recognize associations between culture and aggressive behavior and between violent youth gangs and their environment.

17. (From the Application section) Recognize elements of the American obsession with being thin and identify methods suggested to improve your health.