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Children 7/e Book Cover
Children, 7/e
John W. Santrock, University of Texas, Dallas


Multiple Choice Quiz


In the introductory story to Chapter 5, as Tanner Roberts is about to be born, for the past hour his mother's contractions have been coming every two minutes and lasting a full minute. This indicates:
A)she is having an unusually difficult delivery.
B)she is experiencing Braxton-Hicks contractions.
C)the compressions from the contractions will help press fluid from his lungs and prepare him to breathe on his own.
D)the child is in danger of developing anoxia.

Mrs. Peters is bearing down hard with each contraction. She is in the __________ stage of labor.

Rajni has just given birth to a baby girl and is now in the process of expelling the placenta, umbilical cord, and other membranes. This indicates she:
A)is going through afterbirth.
B)is in the fourth stage of childbirth.
C)is in danger of hemorrhaging.
D)has delivered by cesarean section.

Which of the following can lead to anoxia during birth?
A)if the delivery takes too long
B)use of forceps to help ease the infant through the birth canal
C)an episiotomy (surgically widening the vaginal opening)
D)a cesarean delivery

When Tanner Roberts was born, he was covered with vernix caseosa. This:
A)indicates his mother may likely have had a vaginal infection during pregnancy.
B)is a normal, protective skin covering for a newborn.
C)requires immediate attention to avoid infection.
D)is a good indicator that he will have a lot of hair

A woman in the United States is ________ likely than women in other countries around the world to give birth at home.
A)equally as
D)only slightly more

Eleni is a caregiver who provides ongoing physical, emotional, and educational support for mothers before, during, and after the birth of their children. Eleni is a:
C)physician's assistant.

Epidural blocks have recently been criticized because:
A)babies have been noted to go through withdrawal symptoms if their mothers received this treatment.
B)they have been associated with fever, extended labor, and increased risk for cesarean delivery.
C)most practitioners believe it is healthier for mother and child to have natural delivery.
D)they can lead to dependence and withdrawal symptoms for the mother.

Amanda was given oxytocin during delivery. It is most likely because:
A)her contractions stopped.
B)she was bleeding vaginally.
C)she stopped ovulating.
D)her placenta became partially detached.

Which statement about the influence on newborns of drugs used during birth is the most accurate?
A)Experiments on the effects of drugs on childbirth raise few ethical questions.
B)There is no exact way to predict how drugs may affect the baby because drugs affect each person differently.
C)Except for low-birthweight babies, drugs affect most infants in pretty much the same way.
D)Most mothers choose natural childbirth, so researchers are unable to learn about how drugs affect labor.

Grantley Dick-Read believed that _______ is an important dimension of reducing the mother's perception of pain during childbirth.
A)the type of drug administered
B)the age of the mother
C)the doctor's relationship with the mother
D)the use of forceps

Aisha and Malcolm have chosen to use a childbirth method that includes a special breathing technique to control pushing in the final stages of labor. They also learned a great deal about anatomy and physiology in preparing for the birth. Most likely they are using which method?

The main premise of prepared childbirth is summarized by the phrase:
A)"knowledge is power."
B)"always say 'no' to drugs."
C)"it takes two to tango."
D)"easy does it."

Cesarean deliveries are usually performed when the:
A)head is the first part of the baby to come out of the birth canal.
B)baby has an unusually small head.
C)mother is under the age of 18.
D)baby is in a breech position.

Compared to the number of cesarean deliveries in the 1980s, in the 1990s the rate:
A)remained pretty much the same.
D)The figures have not yet been analyzed.

Today more fathers participate in childbirth because:
A)they need to do this to bond with their infants.
B)they are the best possible support for their wives.
C)health professionals believe that childbirth should be an intimate, shared moment between the two people who are creating a new life.
D)more and more physicians are requiring fathers to be present.

All of the following are appropriate ways to prepare a child for the birth of a sibling, EXCEPT:
A)providing the child with information about pregnancy.
B)announcing the pregnancy early to explain her tiredness and vomiting.
C)waiting to tell a younger child about the pregnancy until the mother begins to look "fat."
D)insisting that the child participate in the birth process when the new baby comes.

Three-year-old Jeremy had been toilet trained and had stopped sucking his thumb. Once his baby sister was brought home from the hospital, he started bed-wetting and sucking his thumb again. This behavior is:
B)an indicator of unresolved emotional problems that need therapy.
C)serious, but should be ignored if his parents want it to go away.
D)a sign that he is jealous and may cause harm to himself or to the baby.

How does the United States fare in relation to other countries in the percentage of low-birthweight infants born each year?
A)It has the lowest percentage.
B)It is on par with most other industrialized nations.
C)It has a higher percentage than many European countries and Canada, but lower than impoverished countries such as Bangladesh.
D)It has one of the highest percentages of low-birthweight infants in the world.

A "preterm" baby cannot have gestated for more than _________ weeks.

Which of the following statements about a shortened gestation period is MOST accurate?
A)It usually occurs for low-birthweight infants.
B)It often leads to organ malformation.
C)It is almost always devastating.
D)It alone does not necessarily harm an infant.

Low-birthweight infants are more likely than normal-birthweight infants to have all of the following problems, EXCEPT:
A)brain damage.
B)eating disorders.
C)lung diseases.
D)liver diseases.

Intervention with a preterm infant should:
A)bear in mind that "more is better."
B)be organized in the form of an individualized developmental plan.
C)include the parents, but should exclude most other family members.
D)avoid stimulating the baby.

Evidence suggests that ________ can lead to weight gain in preterm infants.
A)a strong parental bond
B)exercise and massage
C)fat-free infant formulas
D)exposure to parental voices

In contrast to the Brazelton scale, the Apgar primarily assesses a newborn's:
A)psychological status.
C)physiological health.
D)responsivity to people.

Two-day-old Terry's very low score on the Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale may be a good indicator that:
A)he has brain damage.
B)his mother took heroin while she was pregnant.
C)he will develop a "difficult" temperament.
D)he is unlikely to bond with his primary caregiver.

Xanath is going through the postpartum period. We would expect her to experience:
A)a great deal of adjustment and adaptation.
B)major depression.
C)the greatest happiness of her life.
D)anger toward her husband and her newborn.

Which of the following terms refers to a physical process by which the uterus returns to its prepregnant size?

All of the following signs may indicate a need for professional counseling about postpartum adaptation, EXCEPT:
C)crying spells.
D)extreme changes in appetite.

Which statement about close contact between mothers and newborns has been supported by the research?
A)The newborn must have close contact with the mother in the first few days of life to develop optimally.
B)Close contact between infant and mother can occur only after standard childbirth.
C)Close contact with mothers is helpful to preterm infants.
D)Close contact with the mother is more important than close contact with the father.