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Difficult Multiple Choice
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1
All of the following refer to the same region of the mesencephalon except the
A)corpora quadrigemina
B)red nuclei and substantia nigra
C)superior and inferior colliculi
D)tectum
2
Corpus callosum is to commissural as ____________ is to projection tracts.
A)longitudinal fasciculus
B)central white matter
C)arbor vitae
D)internal capsule
3
The amygdaloid body, claustrum, and corpus striatum are all components of the non-cortical gray matter of the cerebrum collectively known as the
A)pontine nuclei
B)cerebral nuclei
C)reticular formation
D)medial lemniscus
4
Until it was banned, visual subliminal advertising seemed like a tremendous tool for the motion picture industry: a photograph of a hot dog interspersed occasionally among the frames of the movie, passing too quickly to be noticed, and yet hot dog sales skyrocketed. Which cerebral nucleus likely played a part?
A)claustrum
B)amygdaloid body
C)globus pallidus
D)putamen
5
The corpus striatum comprises all of the following except the
A)putamen
B)globus pallidus
C)amygdaloid body
D)caudate nucleus
6
Endocrine organs housed within the cranium are all directly associated with which brain region?
A)cerebrum
B)diencephalon
C)medulla oblongata
D)mesencephalon
7
Because of its major roles in controlling emotions, drives, and memory, damage to the ____________ could drastically alter an individual's personality.
A)periaqueductal gray matter
B)substantia nigra
C)tegmentum
D)limbic system
8
Which thalamic nuclei relay visual information from the optic tract to the visual cortex and mesencephalon?
A)ventral anterior nuclei
B)pulvinar nuclei
C)lateral geniculate nuclei
D)medial geniculate nuclei
9
Hormones released by the posterior pituitary are actually produced by the ____________, which also controls the activities of the anterior pituitary as well as numerous autonomic functions, emotions, drives, and natural rhythms.
A)thalamus
B)hypothalamus
C)tectum
D)pons
10
Which hypothalamic nucleus or region serves as the body's "thermostat"?
A)preoptic area
B)anterior nucleus
C)mammillary body
D)suprachiasmatic nucleus
11
Damage to one's ____________ would impair the somatic reflexes involved in eating.
A)habenular nuclei
B)globus pallidus
C)hippocampus
D)mammillary bodies
12
The transverse fibers that connect the two parts of the metencephalon are the
A)superior cerebellar peduncles
B)middle cerebellar peduncles
C)inferior cerebellar peduncles
D)cerebral peduncles
13
Outside, the ____________ is covered with folia (literally, "leaves"); inside, it has a "tree" of white matter.
A)cerebellum
B)pons
C)mesencephalon
D)medulla oblongata
14
Which two parts of the brain most directly control normal breathing?
A)cerebrum and thalamus
B)thalamus and hypothalamus
C)pons and medulla oblongata
D)cerebellum and mesencephalon
15
The twelve pairs of cranial nerves
A)are considered part of the CNS because they arise from the brain
B)are composed much like spinal nerves, each with sensory and motor axons
C)arise mostly from the brainstem, with only one pair from the telencephalon
D)all of the above
16
Which pair doesnot correctly match a cranial nerve with its primary functional category?
A)II, special sensory
B)VII, mixed (sensory and motor)
C)XI, somatic motor
D)XII, general sensory
17
Which cranial nerve innervates the muscles of mastication and provides sensory information from the face, mouth, and anterior scalp?
A)trigeminal
B)facial
C)vagus
D)hypoglossal
18
Which cranial nerve innervates the muscles of facial expression and several glands, and conducts gustatory impulses from the anterior part of the tongue?
A)trigeminal
B)facial
C)glossopharyngeal
D)hypoglossal
19
The ____________ nerve monitors sensations of balance and equilibrium as well as hearing.
A)vestibulocochlear
B)accessory
C)trochlear
D)vagus
20
Which cranial nerve assists in monitoring O2 and CO2 levels in the blood?
A)V
B)VII
C)IX
D)X
21
Which cranial nerve plays the largest role in the autonomic control of visceral functions?
A)oculomotor
B)facial
C)glossopharyngeal
D)vagus
22
Of the primary brain vesicles, the only one that does not subdivide during embryonic development is the
A)mesencephalon
B)metencephalon
C)prosencephalon
D)rhombencephalon
23
Which is more dangerous, and why: a subdural or an epidural hemorrhage?
A)epidural, because the damaged vessel is too deep to repair surgically
B)subdural, because a damaged vein leaks blood slowly but never stops
C)both are equally dangerous, invariably resulting in death if untreated
D)epidural, because a damaged artery produces a rapidly growing hematoma
24
Of the following, damage to Broca's area would most likely cause
A)apraxia
B)fluent aphasia
C)nonfluent aphasia
D)epilepsy
25
Parkinson disease results from ____________ and is generally ____________.
A)congenital anomalies in the brain; inherited
B)deficiency of the neurotransmitter dopamine; idiopathic
C)brain inflammation, most often due to viral infection; fatal
D)brain damage before birth that remains hidden until maturity; progressive







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