Site MapHelpFeedbackSimple Multiple Choice
Simple Multiple Choice
(See related pages)

1
The four major regions of the brain are the
A)cerebrum, thalamus, cerebellum, and medulla oblongata
B)telencephalon, mesencephalon, pons, and cerebellum
C)prosencephalon, metencephalon, hypothalamus, and pons
D)cerebrum, diencephalon, brainstem, and cerebellum
2
Which sequence lists the cranial meninges in order from superficial to deep?
A)pia mater, arachnoid, dura mater
B)dura mater, pia mater, arachnoid
C)dura mater, arachnoid, pia mater
D)arachnoid, dura mater, pia mater
3
In regions where the two layers of the dura mater separate, the gap between them is called
A)a dural venous sinus
B)the epidural space
C)the subdural space
D)the subarachnoid space
4
The largest of the cranial dural septa is the
A)sella turcica
B)falx cerebri
C)tentorium cerebelli
D)falx cerebelli
5
The tetrahedron-shaped cavity between the pons and cerebellum is the
A)lateral ventricle
B)third ventricle
C)fourth ventricle
D)mesencephalic aqueduct
6
The word root ependyma, as in "ependymal cells," literally means
A)a membrane
B)an upper garment
C)a braid
D)a thin layer
7
Cerebrospinal fluid performs which of the following functions?
A)provides buoyancy for the brain
B)cushions neural structures from sudden movements
C)delivers nutrients and chemical messengers and removes waste products
D)all of the above
8
Which structure produces cerebrospinal fluid in each ventricle?
A)choroid plexus
B)arachnoid villus
C)arachnoid granulation
D)diaphragma sellae
9
From the subarachnoid space, excess cerebrospinal fluid flows into the dural venous sinuses through the
A)lateral apertures
B)median aperture
C)arachnoid villi
D)arachnoid trabeculae
10
The blood-brain barrier of the CNS is missing or markedly reduced in which of the following locations?
A)spinal cord and cerebellum
B)pituitary gland and thalamus
C)choroid plexus, pons, and medulla oblongata
D)choroid plexus, hypothalamus, and pineal gland
11
The cerebral hemispheres are separated by the
A)central sulcus
B)lateral sulcus
C)longitudinal fissure
D)parieto-occipital sulcus
12
Which statement does not describe the parietal lobe?
A)is involved with general sensory functions
B)contains the functionally important precentral gyrus
C)is bounded posteriorly by the parieto-occipital sulcus
D)forms the superoposterior part of each cerebral hemisphere
13
Which term describes masses of gray matter deep inside each cerebral hemisphere?
A)cerebral nuclei
B)limbic system
C)corpus callosum
D)mammillary bodies
14
The central white matter consists of which three groups of axons?
A)afferent, efferent, and association tracts
B)association, commissural, and projection tracts
C)association tracts, arcuate fibers, and the internal capsule
D)projection tracts, longitudinal fasciculi, and arcuate fibers
15
Myelinated axons that extend between the cerebral hemispheres are called
A)association tracts
B)commissural tracts
C)longitudinal fasciculi
D)arcuate fibers
16
Which cortical region is responsible for the conscious awareness of touch, pressure, pain, and temperature?
A)premotor cortex
B)primary gustatory cortex
C)somatosensory association area
D)primary somatosensory cortex
17
Which cerebral cortical area coordinates learned, skilled motor activities?
A)premotor cortex
B)prefrontal cortex
C)primary motor cortex
D)gnostic area
18
The thalamus does all of the following except
A)processes and relays sensory information to the primary sensory cortex
B)filters incoming information and forwards relatively little to the cerebrum
C)receives and processes sensory input from olfactory receptors in the nose
D)sends signals about conscious awareness of emotional states to frontal lobes
19
Which region of the diencephalon controls the ANS and endocrine system, body temperature, circadian rhythms, and various emotions and behavioral drives?
A)epithalamus
B)hypothalamus
C)thalamus
D)infundibulum
20
What are the three regions of the brainstem?
A)cerebrum, diencephalon, and cerebellum
B)pons, cerebellum, and mesencephalon
C)diencephalon, mesencephalon, and metencephalon
D)mesencephalon, pons, and medulla oblongata
21
The mesencephalon comprises all of the following structures except the
A)flocculonodular lobes
B)corpora quadrigemina
C)cerebral peduncles
D)tegmentum
22
Reflexive turning of the head and eyes in the direction of a sound is controlled by the ____________ of the mesencephalon.
A)superior colliculi
B)inferior colliculi
C)red nuclei
D)substantia nigra
23
The medulla oblongata contains
A)nuclei associated with five pairs of cranial nerves
B)nuclei and tracts that relay sensory information to the thalamus
C)several autonomic nuclei that regulate functions vital for life
D)all of the above
24
Coordinating skeletal muscle movements and maintaining equilibrium are two of several important functions of the
A)cerebrum
B)cerebellum
C)diencephalon
D)mesencephalon
25
Which description of the cerebellum is incorrect?
A)has a complex, convoluted surface covered by cerebellar cortex
B)a narrow band of cortex called the vermis lies along the midline
C)has prominent folds called gyri covering the left and right hemispheres
D)internally, white matter called the arbor vitae forms branching patterns
26
Components of the limbic system
A)conduct and process olfactory sensations
B)collectively process and experience emotions
C)are essential in storing memories and forming long-term memory
D)all of the above
27
Cranial nerves with purely sensory functions include which of the following?
A)olfactory, optic, and vestibulocochlear
B)trigeminal and facial
C)glossopharyngeal, accessory, and hypoglossal
D)all of the above
28
Which cranial nerves innervate the extrinsic eye muscles?
A)abducens, trigeminal, and trochlear
B)olfactory, oculomotor, and hypoglossal
C)trigeminal, glossopharyngeal, and oculomotor
D)oculomotor, trochlear, and abducens
29
Which cranial nerves have autonomic (parasympathetic) as well as somatic motor functions?
A)I, III, V, and VI
B)II, IV, and VIII
C)III, VII, IX, and X
D)X, XI, and XII
30
The word root vagus, as in "vagus nerve," most nearly means
A)long
B)visceral
C)wandering
D)vital







McKinleyOnline Learning Center

Home > Chapter 15 > Simple Multiple Choice