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Simple Multiple Choice
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1
The four principal types of tissues are
A)muscle, nervous, skeletal, connective
B)epithelial, skeletal, connective, reticular
C)connective, skeletal, epithelial, nervous
D)epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
2
Which type of tissue facilitates movement of the skeleton or organ walls?
A)epithelial
B)muscular
C)connective
D)nervous
3
Functions of epithelial tissue include
A)providing structural support
B)protecting exposed surfaces
C)conducting electrical impulses
D)storing energy in the form of fat
4
Which of the following is not a characteristic of tight junctions?
A)encircle epithelial cells near their apical surface
B)attach each cell to its neighbors by fusing plasma membranes
C)allow free flow of cytoplasm between neighboring cells
D)prevent substances from passing in between adjacent cells
5
Unlike other intercellular junctions, ____________ only attach a cell to its neighbors at potential stress points.
A)tight junctions
B)adhering junctions
C)gap junctions
D)desmosomes
6
At ____________, transmembrane proteins create tiny pores through which small molecules and ions pass between adjoining cells.
A)gap junctions
B)tight junctions
C)desmosomes
D)adhering junctions
7
Epithelia are classified on the basis of
A)cell size and shape of cells at the apical surface
B)shape of cells at the apical surface and secretions of cells
C)number of cell layers and shape of cells at the apical surface
D)number of cell layers and cell size
8
Which type of epithelium is adapted to protect underlying tissues from abrasion and friction?
A)simple squamous
B)stratified squamous
C)transitional
D)simple cuboidal
9
Nonciliated simple columnar epithelium often contains ____________, which increase the surface area for secretion and absorption.
A)flagella
B)collagen fibers
C)microvilli
D)all of the above
10
The three shapes of cells used to classify most epithelia are described as
A)squamous, columnar, and cuboidal
B)hexagonal, polyhedral, and transitional
C)flat, irregular, and oblong
D)thick, slender, and flattened
11
Multicellular exocrine glands may be classified by their
A)form and structure
B)type of secretion
C)method of secretion
D)all of the above
12
In apocrine glands, the secretory product is released
A)from a unicellular gland called a goblet cell
B)upon destruction of the entire gland cell
C)through exocytosis with no cellular damage
D)by pinching off the apical portion of the cytoplasm
13
Examples of apocrine glands include which of the following?
A)mammary and some sweat glands
B)thyroid and adrenal glands
C)salivary and sebaceous glands
D)all of the above
14
What are the three basic components of connective tissue?
A)ground substance, cells, and basement membrane
B)cartilage, intercellular matrix, and serum
C)cells, protein fibers, and ground substance
D)collagen, elastin, and reticular fibers
15
Embryonic connective tissues include
A)mesenchyme
B)Wharton's jelly
C)both of the above
D)neither of the above
16
Mesenchyme
A)gives rise to all other connective tissues
B)is the first connective tissue to emerge in the embryo
C)persists as stem cells in some adult connective tissues
D)all of the above
17
Which two classes of cells are found in connective tissue proper?
A)resident cells and wandering cells
B)mast cells and fibroblasts
C)adipocytes and leukocytes
D)macrophages and mesenchyme cells
18
The major functions of loose connective tissue include
A)occupying spaces between organs and supporting epithelia
B)supporting and surrounding blood vessels and nerves
C)cushioning organs, storing lipids, and facilitating diffusion
D)all of the above
19
Which term describes a band of dense regular connective tissue that attaches two bones?
A)aponeurosis
B)tendon
C)ligament
D)capsule
20
Dense irregular connective tissue that forms a supporting layer around cartilage is called
A)perichondrium
B)periosteum
C)the dermis
D)a capsule
21
Which of the following pairings is incorrect?
A)hyaline cartilage, articular ends of long bones
B)supporting connective tissue, blood
C)fibrocartilage, intervertebral discs and menisci
D)elastic cartilage, epiglottis and external ear
22
The minute passageways in the bony matrix that allow osteocytes to communicate with each other are called
A)lamellae
B)lacunae
C)osteons
D)canaliculi
23
All of the following are types of serous membranes except
A)pleurae
B)perichondrium
C)peritoneum
D)pericardium
24
Which of the following is a major function of serous membranes?
A)excreting waste fluids across the parietal layer
B)absorbing nutrients into the visceral layer
C)minimizing friction between opposing surfaces
D)providing a tough protective covering around organs
25
Skeletal muscle is
A)striated and voluntary
B)nonstriated and involuntary
C)striated and involuntary
D)nonstriated and voluntary
26
Cells in which tissue type are specialized to transmit electrical impulses from one body region to another?
A)muscle
B)nervous
C)connective
D)epithelial
27
The two types of cells in nervous tissue are
A)dendrites and axons
B)nerve processes and nerve fibers
C)satellite cells and neurons
D)neurons and glial cells
28
Nervous tissue cells that play several supporting roles but do not transmit impulses are called
A)glial cells
B)dendrites
C)nerve cells
D)neurons
29
As individuals age, epithelia become
A)heavier
B)thicker
C)thinner
D)none of the above
30
Aging affects connective tissues in which of the following ways?
A)loss of pliability and resiliency
B)decreased efficiency in tissue repair and wound healing
C)joint pains and brittle bones
D)all of the above







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