What is biological determinism?
|A)||It is the belief that an organism's biology is determined by surroundings.|
|B)||It is the belief that an organism's biology is determined by the cultural setting.|
|C)||It is the belief that biology is fixed or determined and does not change.|
|D)||It is the belief that some aspects of human behavior and social organization are biologically determined.|
|E)||All of the above are true statements about biological determinism.|
What is sexual dimorphism?
|A)||Sexual dimorphism refers to the unequal distribution of socially valued resources, power, prestige, and personal freedom between men and women.|
|B)||Sexual dimorphism refers to differences in male and female biology besides the contrasts in breast and genitals.|
|C)||Sexual dimorphism refers to the contrast between women's role in the home and men's role in public life.|
|D)||Sexual dimorphism refers to the oversimplified but strongly held ideas about the characteristics of males and females.|
|E)||All of the above are true statements about sexual dimorphism.|
In foraging societies, when is gender status roughly equal?
|A)||When the public and domestic spheres are not sharply divided.|
|B)||When gathering plays a minor part of the subsistence strategy.|
|C)||When public and domestic spheres are sharply divided.|
|D)||When hunting dominates the subsistence activities.|
|E)||Foraging societies are all characterized by gender stratification.|
According to the discussion in the textbook about the domestic-public dichotomy:
|A)||Politics, trade, warfare, and work tend to be male activities.|
|B)||Female influence is most strongly asserted in the domestic sphere.|
|C)||Public activities have greater prestige than domestic ones.|
|D)||Males dominate the public sphere.|
|E)||All of the above are true statements regarding the domestic-public dichotomy.|
What did Patricia Draper observe during her fieldwork with former Ju/'hoansi foragers who had recently become sedentary?
|A)||The domestic-public dichotomy was disappearing.|
|B)||Women were having fewer babies.|
|C)||Gender roles were becoming more rigidly defined.|
|D)||Men were spending more time in the domestic sphere.|
|E)||Women were beginning to dominate the public sphere.|
Which of the following statements about gender in foraging societies is not true?
|A)||It is among foragers that public and domestic spheres are the least separate.|
|B)||The gender hierarchy is least marked among foragers.|
|C)||Aggression and competition between the genders is most strongly discouraged among foragers.|
|D)||The differences in gender roles among foragers are debatable.|
|E)||The spheres of influence of men and women overlap the most in foraging societies.|
Which of the following statements about matrilineal, matrilocal societies is not true?
|A)||Matriliny and matrilocality disperse related males.|
|B)||Matriliny and matrilocality are only found in matriarchies.|
|C)||Matrilineal, matrilocal societies tend to occur in settings where population pressure on strategic resources is minimal.|
|D)||Women tend to have high status in matrilineal, matrilocal societies.|
|E)||Matrilineal, matrilocal societies tend to occur in settings where warfare is infrequent.|
Which of the following statements about Iroquois women is not true?
|A)||They managed all military operations.|
|B)||They controlled the local economy.|
|C)||Their most productive role was in horticulture.|
|D)||They owned the land.|
|E)||Women born in a longhouse remained there for life.|
Which of the following is not part of the patrilineal-patrilocal complex?
|C)||reduced gender stratification.|
What part of Papua New Guinea is known for having strong male-female avoidance?
|A)||the sparsely populated regions|
|D)||the densely populated highlands|
|E)||All parts of Papua New Guinea are known for having strong male-female avoidance.|
Which of the following statements about Etoro sexuality is not true?
|A)||Heterosexual intercourse is discouraged.|
|B)||Homosexual intercourse between older and younger males is encouraged|
|C)||Homosexual intercourse between young males of the same age is discouraged.|
|D)||People viewed as "sex-hungry" are shunned as witches.|
|E)||Heterosexual intercourse takes place in the residence of the wife's family.|
Which of the following did not accompany the transition from horticulture to agriculture?
|A)||Woman lost their role as primary cultivators.|
|B)||Women began to assert themselves in extradomestic contexts.|
|C)||The average number of children per family increased|
|D)||Women became increasingly restricted to the domestic sphere.|
|E)||Women became viewed as less productive and therefore inferior to men.|
The Betsileo illustrate:
|A)||the idea that intensive agriculture does not necessarily entail sharp gender stratification|
|B)||the problem of having women neglect their domestic duties|
|C)||how difficult agriculture is without sharp gender stratification|
|D)||that women may claim to contribute to the subsistence activities, but in reality they do very little|
|E)||The Betsileo demonstrate none of the above statements.|
During what conditions has the woman's role in the home been stressed in U.S. history?
|B)||during industrial expansions|
|C)||over the past 20 years|
|D)||during periods of high unemployment|
|E)||all of the above|
What is the advantage of encouraging single mothers to organize women's groups?
|A)||These groups can revive traditional forms of social organization that have been disrupted.|
|B)||These groups can mobilize resources, rationalize production, and reduce the risks and costs associated with credit.|
|C)||Organization allows women to develop self-confidence.|
|D)||These groups can help single mothers decrease their dependency on others.|
|E)||All of the above are advantages of encouraging single mothers to organize women's groups.|