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Kottak: Cultural Anthropology 9e
Cultural Anthropology, 9/e
Conrad P. Kottak, University of Michigan


Multiple Choice Quiz

Please answer all questions


What is biological determinism?
A)It is the belief that an organism's biology is determined by surroundings.
B)It is the belief that an organism's biology is determined by the cultural setting.
C)It is the belief that biology is fixed or determined and does not change.
D)It is the belief that some aspects of human behavior and social organization are biologically determined.
E)All of the above are true statements about biological determinism.

What is sexual dimorphism?
A)Sexual dimorphism refers to the unequal distribution of socially valued resources, power, prestige, and personal freedom between men and women.
B)Sexual dimorphism refers to differences in male and female biology besides the contrasts in breast and genitals.
C)Sexual dimorphism refers to the contrast between women's role in the home and men's role in public life.
D)Sexual dimorphism refers to the oversimplified but strongly held ideas about the characteristics of males and females.
E)All of the above are true statements about sexual dimorphism.

In foraging societies, when is gender status roughly equal?
A)When the public and domestic spheres are not sharply divided.
B)When gathering plays a minor part of the subsistence strategy.
C)When public and domestic spheres are sharply divided.
D)When hunting dominates the subsistence activities.
E)Foraging societies are all characterized by gender stratification.

According to the discussion in the textbook about the domestic-public dichotomy:
A)Politics, trade, warfare, and work tend to be male activities.
B)Female influence is most strongly asserted in the domestic sphere.
C)Public activities have greater prestige than domestic ones.
D)Males dominate the public sphere.
E)All of the above are true statements regarding the domestic-public dichotomy.

What did Patricia Draper observe during her fieldwork with former Ju/'hoansi foragers who had recently become sedentary?
A)The domestic-public dichotomy was disappearing.
B)Women were having fewer babies.
C)Gender roles were becoming more rigidly defined.
D)Men were spending more time in the domestic sphere.
E)Women were beginning to dominate the public sphere.

Which of the following statements about gender in foraging societies is not true?
A)It is among foragers that public and domestic spheres are the least separate.
B)The gender hierarchy is least marked among foragers.
C)Aggression and competition between the genders is most strongly discouraged among foragers.
D)The differences in gender roles among foragers are debatable.
E)The spheres of influence of men and women overlap the most in foraging societies.

Which of the following statements about matrilineal, matrilocal societies is not true?
A)Matriliny and matrilocality disperse related males.
B)Matriliny and matrilocality are only found in matriarchies.
C)Matrilineal, matrilocal societies tend to occur in settings where population pressure on strategic resources is minimal.
D)Women tend to have high status in matrilineal, matrilocal societies.
E)Matrilineal, matrilocal societies tend to occur in settings where warfare is infrequent.

Which of the following statements about Iroquois women is not true?
A)They managed all military operations.
B)They controlled the local economy.
C)Their most productive role was in horticulture.
D)They owned the land.
E)Women born in a longhouse remained there for life.

Which of the following is not part of the patrilineal-patrilocal complex?
C)reduced gender stratification.
E)male supremacy

What part of Papua New Guinea is known for having strong male-female avoidance?
A)the sparsely populated regions
B)the coasts
C)the lowlands
D)the densely populated highlands
E)All parts of Papua New Guinea are known for having strong male-female avoidance.

Which of the following statements about Etoro sexuality is not true?
A)Heterosexual intercourse is discouraged.
B)Homosexual intercourse between older and younger males is encouraged
C)Homosexual intercourse between young males of the same age is discouraged.
D)People viewed as "sex-hungry" are shunned as witches.
E)Heterosexual intercourse takes place in the residence of the wife's family.

Which of the following did not accompany the transition from horticulture to agriculture?
A)Woman lost their role as primary cultivators.
B)Women began to assert themselves in extradomestic contexts.
C)The average number of children per family increased
D)Women became increasingly restricted to the domestic sphere.
E)Women became viewed as less productive and therefore inferior to men.

The Betsileo illustrate:
A)the idea that intensive agriculture does not necessarily entail sharp gender stratification
B)the problem of having women neglect their domestic duties
C)how difficult agriculture is without sharp gender stratification
D)that women may claim to contribute to the subsistence activities, but in reality they do very little
E)The Betsileo demonstrate none of the above statements.

During what conditions has the woman's role in the home been stressed in U.S. history?
A)during wars
B)during industrial expansions
C)over the past 20 years
D)during periods of high unemployment
E)all of the above

What is the advantage of encouraging single mothers to organize women's groups?
A)These groups can revive traditional forms of social organization that have been disrupted.
B)These groups can mobilize resources, rationalize production, and reduce the risks and costs associated with credit.
C)Organization allows women to develop self-confidence.
D)These groups can help single mothers decrease their dependency on others.
E)All of the above are advantages of encouraging single mothers to organize women's groups.