Milgram's obedience study was purportedly an experiment on __________.
|A)||shock and memory|
|B)||learning and shock.|
|C)||mistakes and learning|
|D)||memory and learning|
Which of the following is NOT one of the three basic ethical principles in the Belmont Report?
|B)||respect for persons|
To be assured that research procedures have minimized risk to participants, a ___________ must be done before research can be approved.
Potential risks to the participants in a study include such factors as __________.
|A)||physical harm and psychological harm.|
|B)||psychological harm and loss of confidentiality.|
|C)||loss of confidentiality and loss of anonymity.|
|D)||loss of confidentiality, psychological harm and physical harm.|
In some cases, the risks entailed with loss of confidentiality are so great that researchers may wish to apply for a Certificate of Confidentiality from the __________.
|A)||U.S. Department of Health and Human Services|
|B)||American Medical Association|
|C)||American Psychological Association|
|D)||Institutional Review Board|
Informed consent forms should be written in __________.
|A)||the first person.|
|B)||specific technical terminology|
|C)||a sixth to eighth grade level|
Any procedure that limits an individual's freedom to consent to participate in a study can be __________.
|A)||a violation of confidentiality.|
|C)||approved by the IRB.|
Which of the following is TRUE about the informed consent procedure?
|A)||It may bias the sample and limit generalizability of the results.|
|B)||It may encourage participants to ask for payment.|
|C)||It may set the stage for realistic behavior in research.|
|D)||It may decrease perceptions of control.|
Which of the following is NOT a reason for the decrease in the type of elaborate deception used in the Milgram study?
|A)||Most researchers are more interested in emotions rather than cognitive variables.|
|B)||The general level of awareness of ethical issues related to the use of deception.|
|C)||Ethics committees are likely to approve deception for important research in which there are no alternative procedures.|
|D)||both a and c|
If researchers withhold information, use deception, and/or there is a potential for harmful effects on participations, a(n) _______ must be done.
Three alternative procedures to deception in research are __________.
|A)||honest, role-playing and simulation studies.|
|B)||situation, role-playing and reality studies.|
|C)||honest, situation and reality studies.|
|D)||simulation, situation and reality studies.|
The Stanford Prison Experiment is an example of a __________ study.
According to the justice principle defined in the Belmont Report, any decision to include or exclude certain people from a research study must be __________.
|A)||approved by the American Psychological Association Ethics Committee.|
|B)||justified on scientific grounds.|
|C)||equal and fair to all participating.|
|D)||approved by the Judicial Committee fhe Belmont Agency.|
Which of the following statements is TRUE?
|A)||The actual rules and regulations for the protection of human research participants were issued by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.|
|B)||Every institution that receives federal funds must have an Institutional Review Board.|
|C)||Research in which there is no risk is exempt from an IRB review.|
|D)||All the above.|
The APA Ethics Code has __________ principles and __________ ethical standards.
All institutions in which animal research is carried out must have an Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee that is __________.
|A)||charged with reviewing animal research procedures.|
|B)||composed of one scientist, one veterinarian, and a community member.|
|C)||charged with ensuring that all regulations are adhered to.|
|D)||All the above.|