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Multiple Choice Quiz

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The writers of the Constitution established a federal system of government because:
A)the states already existed as sovereign entities.
B)it was consistent with the philosophy expressed in the Declaration of Independence.
C)Locke and Montesquieu concluded it was superior to other systems of government.
D)the British political system was based on the federal principle.

Modern day federalism requires the recognition of which of the two following countervailing trends:
A)partial contraction of national authority.
B)increased intrusion of the courts in the national economy.
C)long-term expansion of national authority.
D)a and c only.
E)a and b only.

The Constitution allows the states to:
A)raise an army in peacetime.
B)print money.
C)make commercial agreements with other states without the consent of Congress.
D)govern intrastate commerce.

The purpose of the Tenth Amendment was to:
A)make sure that the doctrine of national supremacy was absolute.
B)protect the states against national encroachment.
C)end slavery by the year 1808.
D)assign specific delegated powers to the states.

In McCulloch v. Maryland , the Supreme Court ruled:
A)for states' rights.
B)that the "necessary and proper" clause was a restriction on the power of Congress.
C)that the supremacy clause did not prohibit states from taxing the national bank.
D)in favor of national authority.

The doctrine of "dual federalism" maintains that:
A)the national government and the states had authority over strictly defined and mutually exclusive domains of policy.
B)any law passed by the national government was the supreme law of the land.
C)the national government and the states should share authority equally in all policy areas.
D)conflicts between the authority of the national government and the states should be resolved by direct appeal to the people.

From the 1860s through the mid-1930s, the Supreme Court's rulings on the commerce clause tended to:
A)uphold and expand the Fourteenth Amendment.
B)expand the authority of the national government over the states.
C)strike down national laws aimed at big business, but strongly support state attempts to regulate commerce and labor practices.
D)vigorously support big business at the expense of both national and state authority.

National authority has greatly expanded in the twentieth century primarily because:
A)the states and their citizens have become increasingly interdependent.
B)constitutional amendments have opened the way for wider application of national authority.
C)state governments have shown themselves to be an ineffective level of government.
D)Democrats have been in control of Congress for most of the century.

Fiscal federalism refers to:
A)the coordinated fiscal policy decisions of the federal government and the states.
B)expenditure of federal funds on programs run in part through state and local governments.
C)distribution of tax revenues between the federal government and the states.
D)the fact that both the federal government and the states have the power to tax.

Major types of federal government assistance to states today include:
A)categorical grants.
B)block grants.
C)New Federalism grants.
D)a and b only.
E)a, b and

Which one of the following is not a theory concerning the relationship between the power and authority of the states and the federal government:
B)states' rights.
C)dual federalism.
D)cooperative federalism.
E)New Federalism.

Specific powers assigned to Congress by the Constitution are called:
A)implied powers.
B)derived powers.
C)inherent powers.
D)enumerated powers.
E)reserved powers.

The term devolution is used to explain:
A)the current trend to shift authority from the federal government to state and local governments.
B)the necessity for keeping federal and state spheres of responsibility absolutely separate from each other.
C)a failed political revolution.
D)increased recognition that the industrial economy is not confined by state boundaries and must be subject to some level of national regulation.

A government is sovereign when it:
A)loses its identity to another political unit.
B)possesses ultimate governing authority over a certain geographical area.
C)collects revenues in excess of its expenses.
D)has the support of a majority of its citizens.
E)must defer to a decision from a more powerful political unit.