In the previous section you explored the syntactic structure of poems. You learned how to divide the verses of a poem into poetic syllables, how to count the poetic syllables, how to determine the rhythm and the rhyme of the poem, and how to classify the poem based on these elements. In this section you will learn about the semantic structure of poetry. Since poetry is built on language, knowledge of literary language (el lenguaje literario) is very important in understanding the deeper meaning of a poem.
Like music, poetry must be listened to, heard, in order to have its greatest impact on the listener. Poems are meant to be emotive; in order to be truly understood, they must have the opportunity to trigger in the listener that emotional reaction sought by the poet. Before studying the elements of literary language, you, the audience, should establish your first impressions of the poems you have been exploring in this chapter. Tasks 1 and 2 of this section will give you the opportunity to do that.
Task 1. Recite.
Task 2. Brainstorm.
Task 3. Scan for Information.