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The president's constitutional roles, such as chief executive and commander-in-chief:
A)are based on very precise and unchangeable constitutional grants of power.
B)are rooted in tradition only; they are not included in the Constitution.
C)are not shared with Congress.
D)have been extended in practice to be more powerful than the writers of the Constitution intended.

Which of the following reforms was achieved by Andrew Jackson:
A)abolition of the Electoral College.
B)elimination of the caucus process for nominating candidates.
C)use of the national political party nominating convention.
D)use of primary elections to nominate candidates.

The president's role as domestic policy leader became increasingly important after the 19th century because of:
A)the nation's shift from an agrarian to an industrial society, which placed substantial new demands on government.
B)changes in mass communications.
C)a shift in Congress toward local concerns rather than national ones.
D)women and minorities demanding policies that supported their interests.

The source of most presidential campaign funds for major party candidates is:
A)PAC money.
B)federal funding.
C)contributions from individual citizens.
D)the candidate's personal funds.

By tradition, the choice of the vice-presidential nomination rests with:
A)delegates to the national nominating convention.
B)congressional leaders.
C)the presidential nominee.
D)electors especially chosen for the vice-presidential nomination.

Presidential staffing appointees who serve most closely with the president as personal advisers are in the:
A)White House Office.
C)National Security Council.
D)Office of Management and Budget.

Which of the following contributes to successful presidential terms of office:
A)the margin of electoral victory.
B)partisan control of Congress.
C)existence of a compelling national problem.
D)b and c only.
E)a, b and c.

A president's policy initiatives are significantly more successful when the president:
A)has strong support from the American people.
B)is a former member of Congress.
C)is on good terms with other world leaders.
D)is in office when the economy goes bad, which demands stronger leadership.

The highest point of public support for a president is likely to occur:
A)during the president's first year in office.
B)after re-election to a second term.
C)immediately after Congress enacts a major presidential initiative.
D)when international conditions are stable.

In order to be elected president, what is the minimum number of electoral votes a presidential candidate must win?

The irony of modern day presidential government in the U.S. is that:
A)the public is most forgiving of presidential mistakes.
B)because the public expects so much from presidents, they get too little credit when things go well and too little blame when things go badly.
C)the president is weaker than Congress, yet must appear to be stronger.
D)the presidential office grows weaker as problems mount: just when the country could most use effective leadership, that leadership is often hardest to achieve.

The way the president can make diplomatic agreements with other nations yet by-pass formal Senate approval is by using the:
A)legislative veto.
B)executive agreement.
C)sunset laws.
D)power to make war.

The president's ability to take the lead in domestic policy in the early part of the 20th century developed from:
A)control over making up the national budget.
B)capacity to respond to national economic emergencies.
C)the need for national rather than local solutions to problems.
D)c and b only.
E)a, b and c.

The Federal Election Campaign Act of 1974 (with amendments) provides:
A)federal campaign funds for presidential primaries.
B)federal funds only for the winner of each state primary.
C)rigid regulations on the way campaigns are styled.
D)that the winner of the electoral vote becomes president.

The large number of bureaucratic agencies and appointees creates what problem(s) for presidents: 1) finding sources of information on issues. 2) using a collective decision-making style. 3) finding enough highly qualified people to nominate. 4) gaining control over their activities.
A)1 and 2.
B)2 and 3.
C)3 and 4.
D)2 and 4.
E)1 and 3.

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