Which of the following statements about Karl Mannheim is incorrect?
|A)||Mannheim was not a determinist.|
|B)||Mannheim's work constitutes a systematic grand theory.|
|C)||Mannheim used both empiricism and interpretation in his work.|
|D)||Mannheim's most frequently wrote in the essay genre.|
________________ was the major figure in the invention of the field of the sociology of knowledge.
According to Mannheim, the sociology of knowledge emerged from the work of:
Mannheim argued that ideologies could emerge from any sector of the social world, but that _____________ was the most important source.
For Marx the theory of ideology is primarily ______________ in orientation, whereas for Mannheim it is more ____________.
According to Mannheim, ________________ mobility leads to democratication.
____________ mobility leads people to see that other people think differently, but it does not lead them to question their own group's knowledge system.
According to ______________ , there are no absolute standards by which one can judge right or wrong.
Which two methods of thought and investigation did the intelligentsia use before creating the sociology of knowledge?
|A)||positivism and phenomenology|
|B)||religion and science|
|C)||epistemology and psychology|
|D)||biology and positivism|
Which of the following is NOT a level of meaning in cultural products identified by Mannheim?
|A)||the objective level|
|B)||the organic level|
|C)||the expressive level|
|D)||the documentary level|
Which of the following concepts did Mannheim use to judge whether ideas were ideological or utopian?
____________ ideologies refer to the ideas of our opponents and are typically seen as conscious distortions.
_________________ utopias are irrational in nature and are carried out by members of the lowest strata in society.
Mannheim had hope that intellectuals would be one group in society that could keep utopian ideas alive. Of the four alternatives open to intellectuals, which of the following did he prefer?
|A)||that intellectuals affiliate themselves with radical socialists|
|B)||that intellectuals attempt to revive past religious myths|
|C)||that intellectuals renounce the social world|
|D)||that intellectuals become skeptics dedicated to the elimination of all ideology|
According to Mannheim, substantial rationality and irrationality deal with _______, while functional rationality and irrationality are concerned with _______.
In which of the following institutions would a high level of rationalization most likely arise when functional rationalization and self-rationalization occur together?
According to Mannheim, _______________ could integrate all human activities and help people deal with the crises of industrial society.
According to Mannheim, a fundamental problem of the educational system is the failure to teach:
|C)||the importance of relativism.|
|D)||specialized subject matter.|
Which of the following was NOT a type of social planning advocated by Mannheim?
|A)||planning for social justice|
|B)||planning for freedom|
|C)||planning for a classless society|
|D)||planning for a cultural standard|
Which of the following is a criticism of Mannheim's work?
|A)||He obscures the relationship between knowledge and society.|
|B)||He fails to solve the problem of relationalism.|
|C)||His definition of knowledge is too narrow.|
|D)||He is too concerned with empirical research.|
Mannheim argued that ideologies need not involve the conscious intention to distort reality.
Members of a generation are a concrete group because they interact with one another in a patterned and repetitive manner.
According to Mannheim, a sociology of knowledge cannot emerge during an historical period when there is social stability and substantial agreement over worldviews.
According to Mannheim, it is impossible for a utopia to emerge from a single individual.
Although Mannheim regrets the progressive disappearance of both ideologies and utopias, it is the demise of the former that is most troubling to him.
Mannheim refers to the highest and most extreme form of rationalization as self-observation.
According to Mannheim, the basic sources of the irrational in modern life are the same as the sources of the formally rational.
Mannheim believed that a laissez-faire economic system was a viable alternative to totalitarianism in the modern world.
Mannheim was encouraged by the democratic potential of mass society.
Mannheim has been criticized because he never offered a clear-cut definition of what he meant by knowledge.