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Multiple Choice
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In a two-dimensional work with asymmetrical balance, the appearance of balance is achieved by:
A)following a canon.
B)the use of ideal proportions.
C)distributing visual weight accordingly.
D)all of the above
E)It cannot be achieved.

Rather than depend solely upon visual unity, an artist will sometimes create __________ unity by unifying the ideas in a work of art

In a two-dimensional work of art that is balanced symmetrically, the implied center of gravity is:
A)along the vertical axis down the center of the composition.
B)eliminated altogether.
C)along the horizon line.
D)at the focal point.
E)the midpoint of the golden rectangle.

During his lifetime, __________, son of a banker, received little recognition. Now he has been credited with being a major influence on Picasso, among others.
A)Vincent Van Gogh
B)Paul Cézanne
C)Francisco de Goya
D)Rene Magritte
E)None of the above

Annette Messager's Mes Voeux and Joseph Cornell's The Hotel Eden both demonstrate the use of:
A)conceptual unity.
B)radial balance.
C)grand scale.
D)the golden section.
E)all of the above

The ancient Egyptians developed a standard set of proportions used to create images of the "correct" or "perfect" human, as have many cultures both ancient and modern. This set of proportions is called a:
C)golden mean.
D)golden section.
E)squared grid.

Georgia O'Keeffe's painting Deer's Skull with Pedernal is a prime example of:
A)symmetrical balance.
B)hierarchical scale.
C)informal balance.
D)linear perspective.
E)horizontal symmetry.

Pablo Picasso's Girl Before a Mirror is based in symmetrical balance, but the two sides are not identical mirror images. This type of symmetry is sometimes called:
A)virtual symmetry.
B)conceptual symmetry.
C)approximate symmetry.
D)relieved symmetry.
E)adulterated symmetry.

Because she painted it repeatedly and because she lived out her life there, Georgia O'Keeffe is most closely associated with:
A)New York.
B)New Mexico.
C)New Jersey.

Another term for asymmetrical balance is:
A)radial balance.
B)visual weight.
D)informal balance.
E)none of the above

In art, the design principle of balance functions to:
A)encourage our active participation in a work.
B)help communicate a work's moods.
C)lead our eyes around a work.
D)help communicate a work's meanings.
E)all of the above

Henry Ossawa Tanner's The Banjo Lesson creates emphasis through:
A)size and placement of the figures.
B)directional lines of sight leading to a focal point.
C)contrasting values of dark skin against a pale background.
D)elimination of detail and bright colors in the background.
E)all of the above

_________collaborated with Claes Oldenburg in creating the scultpture "Plantoir?"
A)Maya Lin
B)Frida Kahlo
C)Coosje van Bruggen
D)Annette Messager
E)Georgia O'Keefe

Which work of art uses hierarchical scale?
A)A royal altar to the hand
B)Black Face and Arm Unit
C)Façade of S. Andrea
D)The Large Bathers
E)Study of Human Proportions According to Vitruvius

The Ancient Roman architect Vitruvius associated the perfected male form with the perfect geometry of:
A)the square and rectangle.
B)the circle and square.
C)the triangle and circle.
D)the rectangle and triangle.
E)none of the above

The twisted, elongated human figures painted by El Greco were based upon the beauty of:
A)the golden mean.
B)a candle flame.
C)hierarchical scale.
D)the ideas of Vitruvius.
E)the Modulor.

The architect Le Corbusier designed the Modulor, a tool he used for calculating human proportions, based upon:
A)pictorial space.
B)hierarchical scale.
C)the golden section.
D)visual weight.
E)informal balance.

Paul Klee's Landscape with Yellow Birds and Piet Mondrian's Broadway Boogie Woogie share a strong use of:
A)radial balance
B)a canon
C)a dominant focal point
E)a directional line of sight

Artists will often add __________ to provide interest and enliven the unity of a work of art.
A)vanishing points
D)golden rectangles
E)primary colors

What elements did Piet Mondrian feel were the basic, universal language of human culture?
A)rectangular forms
B)horizontal lines
C)vertical lines
D)primary colors
E)all of the above

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