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The chapter introduction tells the story of the Powhatan confederacy to make the point that:
A)Indians initially tolerated the first English settlers as allies against rival tribes, but the cultivation of tobacco led to destruction of Indian power.
B)the initial English settlements at Virginia survived only because of the generous assistance provided by local Indian tribes.
C)Powhatan had no strategy to deal with the white "tribes" who invaded his domain, so he tried in vain to organize an alliance to resist the English.
D)since the English colony was so self-sufficient, they felt no need to cultivate friendly relations with the few scattered, unorganized tribal bands in the Chesapeake region.
What accounts for the survival of the Virginia colony?
A)Its early settlers willingly worked hard to establish a viable settlement.
B)Initially incentives brought immigrants; later the political power of planters created stability while conditions improved for small planters and farmers.
C)The local confederacy of Indian tribes allied itself with the English in order to take advantage of trade; in return, they taught the first settlers how to cultivate corn.
D)The healthy natural and human environments insured a high birth rate and low death rate among colonists in the early years.
Mortality rates in Virginia in the 1620s were:
A)the same as in England.
B)lower than in England.
C)higher than England's normal death rate.
D)higher than England's death rate during times of epidemic disease.
What is significant about the Indian-white war in the early 1620s?
A)It proved the exception to the regular pattern of Indian-white cooperation in the southern colonies.
B)It demonstrated how resistance to the expansion of tobacco cultivation would be met with swift and brutal retaliation.
C)It wiped out local Indian resistance, thus insuring the company's survival.
D)It destroyed many of the tobacco fields, thus ending the tobacco boom.
British authorities based their colonial trade policies, as embodied in the Navigation Acts, on the theory of:
A)mercantilism: insuring self-sufficiency by controlling trade.
B)industrialism: promoting English industrial development.
C)imperialism: keeping the American colonies weak and dependent.
D)developmentalism: stimulating colonial economic diversification.
Because Maryland was granted as a "proprietary colony" to the Calvert family, they could:
A)give land to their friends.
B)collect fees annually from every settler in the colony for the use of the land.
C)extend complete religious freedom to all Christians, including Catholics.
D)all of the above.
The slaves imported into the Chesapake after 1680:
A)were mostly born in the Caribbean.
B)had much in common with white indentured servants.
C)were locked into their slave status by new laws that increasingly distinguished between the rights of white and black servants.
D)could marry white people.
By the end of the 1600s, the leaders of Chesapeake society were able to foster greater unity and stability due to all of the following EXCEPT:
A)relying more on slavery than servitude.
B)improving economic opportunities for freed servants and small landowners.
C)accepting responsibility for the welfare of their social and economic inferiors.
D)encouraging a greater role in government for the middle and lower classes.
Spanish and English colonization of the Caribbean resulted in the "loss of paradise," but also:
A)resurgent growth in population among Indians who acquired immunity to European diseases.
B)the introduction of political stability among English colonists who replaced frontier outposts with massive military fortifications.
C)the beginnings of West Indian influence in North America as planters began to settle the Carolinas.
D)the discovery of a new paradise for Dutch colonists who introduced and monopolized plantation production of sugar.
One of the differences between South Carolina and the Chesapeake was that:
A)the Chesapeake had a black majority.
B)Virginia and Maryland were Catholic; South Carolina was Protestant.
C)wealthy South Carolina planters grew rice; the Chesapeake gentry were primarily tobacco growers and brokers.
D)South Carolinians enjoyed peaceful relations with Indians.
South Carolina's population by 1730 was:
A)primarily English.
B)politically unified.
C)ethnically and religiously diverse.
D)naturally increasing.
South Carolinians did NOT feel threatened by which of the following?
A)the Spanish settlements in Florida
B)their black slaves
C)the French in Louisiana and their Indian allies
D)the economic competition of Georgia
George Oglethorpe promoted:
A)the colony of Maryland.
B)the colony of Georgia.
C)the plantation system in Barbados.
D)the plantation system in South Carolina.
Georgia was created:
A)in order to provide a place where England could send people who were languishing in debtors' prisons.
B)as a haven for the religiously oppressed of Europe and other colonies.
C)as a utopia for small farmers.
D)with a strict slave code borrowed from South Carolina.
The principal institution used by the Spanish to incorporate natives into colonial society was:
A)the presidio.
B)the hacienda.
C)the vaquero.
D)the mission.

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