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Multiple Choice
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The chapter introduction tells the story of the intercolonial Albany Congress to make the point that:
A)ominous French activities in Europe and the West Indies created a growing recognition that Americans had much in common and needed to unite.
B)the Iroquois League provided a model of unification that the American colonies adopted when they gained independence.
C)Benjamin Franklin was both a representative eighteenth-century American and ahead of his time.
D)Benjamin Franklin's plan of union failed because Americans in the mid-1700s were a diverse and divided people.
The three largest groups of non-English immigrants coming to the American colonies in the 1700s were:
A)Africans, Scots-Irish, and Germans.
B)Africans, Germans, and Dutch.
C)Scots-Irish, Dutch, and Africans.
D)Scots-Irish, Germans, and Dutch.
Forces of division in the colonies included all of the following EXCEPT:
A)the issue of loyalty to the British crown.
B)ethnic and regional differences.
C)racial and religious differences.
D)vast distance, poor transportation and poor communications.
Why did colonists and immigrants settle the backcountry or frontier in the eighteenth century?
A)Due to population growth, older rural communities could not absorb additional population.
B)British imperial policy required the establishment of new towns in the West.
C)They tried to escape the increasing social diversity of the seaport cities and older rural areas.
D)Colonies took steps to defend their frontiers against French expansion.
Backcountry settlements:
A)quickly established a social hierarchy that provided consistent local leadership.
B)relied on churches to maintain law and order.
C)created cultures based on a strong sense of egalitarianism.
D)became a new source of land for planters with large contingents of slaves.
The colonial seaports were not only centers for overseas trade, they were also places where:
A)enterprising merchants organized and controlled the commerce of the surrounding region.
B)religious revivals had their first major effects.
C)British imperial authority remained visible and strong.
D)slavery was first outlawed.
Unlike slaves on Carolina plantations, those in the Chesapeake:
A)had less contact with whites.
B)enjoyed greater autonomy because of the "task system. "
C)lived on smaller plantations with fewer slaves.
D)were mostly African-born.
Native-born African Americans:
A)had an advantage over African-born slaves in procuring a wife.
B)generally got along well with their African-born counterparts.
C)had a similar mortality to African-born slaves.
D)remained a clearly distinct segment of the slave community throughout the eighteenth century.
The direct influence of the Enlightenment in America was:
A)widespread, affecting all classes and regions.
B)widespread, affecting all except the poorest backcountry farmers.
C)confined mainly to the clergy.
D)confined mainly to some skilled artisans and elite planters and merchants.
The Great Awakening would be best described as:
A)an intellectual movement, based primarily on new discoveries in science.
B)a humanitarian movement, which sought to improve the quality of life for the poor.
C)a rationalist, religious movement, which had its greatest impact among the well-educated in eastern seaboard cities.
D)an emotional, revivalist movement, which had its greatest impact both in the coastal regions and the backcountry.
The Great Awakening caused each of the following EXCEPT:
A)the creation of a culture of common experience throughout the colonies.
B)a further division among the regions of colonial North America upon religious grounds.
C)a revival of the influence of a Calvinist vision of God as terrifying and punishing.
D)a furthering of the ideals of the Enlightenment.
American reservations about English society included all of the following EXCEPT:
A)anxieties that gross inequalities in wealth would endanger liberty.
B)rejection of the concept of social hierarchy expressed in the English class structure.
C)uneasiness over the extravagance and manners of the upper class.
D)alarm at the corrupt workings of English politics.
English and American politics differed in all of the following ways EXCEPT:
A)unlike England, most colonies had unicameral legislatures.
B)the electorate in America encompassed a much larger proportion of white, adult males than did England's electorate.
C)representation was apportioned more fairly and directly in America.
D)the royal governor lacked the patronage resources of English monarchs and their ministers.
British administration of its empire in America was impaired by all of the following difficulties EXCEPT:
A)the Board of Trade was only an advisory body with no real power.
B)real authority over the colonies was scattered among an array of agencies, none of which paid much attention to American affairs.
C)many British officials in America were dishonest, indifferent, and incompetent.
D)Parliament intervened constantly in colonial affairs, often battling with the monarchy over authority and jurisdiction.
Despite any reservations about English society, most colonials liked being English because:
A)the English government left them alone, giving them the best of being both English and a colonial.
B)the English government assisted them in finding alternative markets for their goods.
C)the English government assisted in the creation of domestic industries.
D)all of the above.

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