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Multiple Choice Quiz
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Which of the following is NOT associated with the view of schools as tools to reconstruct society?
A)social action curriculum
B)service credit
C)Paulo Freire's The Pedagogy of the Oppressed
John Goodlad surveyed parents, teachers, and students about the goals of schools. He found that
A)parents, teachers, and students hold sharply differing views on school goals.
B)most parents feel social and civic goals should have top priority, whereas teachers overwhelmingly favor academic goals.
C)parents, teachers, and students rank four main goals (academic, social/civic, vocational, and personal) "very important."
D)parents and teachers rate all but personal goals "very important."
The second wave of school reform, as advanced by Theodore Sizer and others
A)called for stronger administrators to guide school reform.
B)had "higher standards" as its rallying cry.
C)advocated "full service schools."
D)called for reforming basic school decision-making practices.
A Nation at Risk charged that the United States
A)had been committing "unilateral educational disarmament."
B)had failed to develop a social action curriculum to fit the times.
C)needed to have a more child-centered educational policy.
D)should direct more educational resources to the underprivileged.
"Children's policy" is a term most closely associated with
A)charter schools.
B)the first wave of school reform.
C)the second wave of school reform.
D)the third wave of school reform.
Most educational reformers of the 1980s set as one of their main priorities
A)educational equity concerning the needs of women.
B)instituting a core curriculum.
C)more emphasis on vocational education.
D)"whole person" development.
Which of the following is most closely associated with the goal of desegregating schools?
A)open enrollment
C)magnet schools
D)for-profit schools
In the 1950s, Milton Friedman began advocating freedom of choice in education. He believed
A)students should have ultimate flexibility in determining class schedules
B)teachers should choose their curricula from within broad district guidelines
C)parents should be able to choose where to send their children to school
D)students should be able to choose between an academic and vocational track
Vouchers can now be used for private religious education because of
A)open enrollment policies.
B)A Nation at Risk
C)Zelman v. Simmons-Harris
D)Lemon v. Kurtzman
What do we call the three criteria determining the legality of government funds used in religious schools?
A)the Lemon test
B)the Friedman test
C)the voucher standard
D)the anti-establishment rule
The neighborhood public school is
A)losing considerable ground to home schooling
B)experiencing enrollment increases as charters and magnet schools flounder
C)no longer accepting money from commercial donors because of the Zelman v. Simmons-Harris ruling
D)still supported by most Americans who prefer reforming rather than eliminating public education
In Jonathan Kozol's writings and in his stand against vouchers, he rails against
A)lax educational standards that threaten our nation's economic future.
B)inequalities in our educational system.
C)social action curriculum.
D)slavish devotion to "democracy" in education.
The largest for-profit venture in public schools is
A)Edison Schools.
B)Tesseract (formerly Educational Alternative Incorporated).
C)Disney's "Celebration."
D)Microsoft's "Schools of Tomorrow."
Researcher Van Galen divides home schoolers into two groups:
A)disaffected teachers and recent immigrants.
B)ideologues and pedagogues.
C)"Romantic critics" and scofflaws.
D)overachievers and fundamentalists.

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