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Which of the following is true regarding culture?
A)Culture is genetic.
B)Culture is passed down from generation to generation.
C)Culture includes physical artifacts, not abstract creations.
D)none of the above

Songs, languages, and beliefs are examples of:
A)nonmaterial culture.
B)material culture.
D)proprietary culture.

A(n) ______________ is a group of people who live within the same territory and share a common culture.
B)iconoclastic enclave

In American colleges, professors are expected to hand out syllabi. Handing out a syllabus is an example of a:

Which of the following is NOT an accurate statement about folkways?
A)Folkways concern the customary ways and conventions by which we carry out our daily activities.
B)We view people who violate folkways, especially those who do so quite often, as somehow different.
C)We attach moral significance to folkways.
D)We often use ridicule as a mechanism for enforcing folkways.

Which of the following is NOT an example of an American folkway?
A)the custom of chewing food with one's mouth closed
B)the practice of shaking hands when greeting someone for the first time
C)the courtesy of arriving on time for a religious service
D)the habit of driving on the right-hand side of the road

Which of the following is an accurate description of values?
A)Values provide explicit indications of which behaviors are acceptable and which are not.
B)Values are general ideas about what is correct, good, or desirable.
C)Values are narrow ideas about what is desirable, correct, and good.
D)Values are defined by symbols.

What are laws?
A)Laws are norms on which society places a good deal of importance.
B)Laws are actions that a society can legitimately insist that others perform.
C)Laws are formalized rules enforced by individuals who have the right to use force.
D)Laws are broad ideas of what is moral or immoral in a society.

Helen Keller's account of her life illustrates that:
A)humans will die without experience with symbols.
B)symbols are important to a person's ability to share experiences.
C)symbols are not important to those who are blind.
D)symbols are not learned, but are part of the biological makeup of humans.

Recent research on chimpanzees by Christophe Boesch suggests that:
A)all animals, including humans and chimpanzees, have culture.
B)only humans have culture.
C)like humans, chimpanzees have culture.
D)chimpanzees use tools, but do not have culture because their actions do not have shared meanings.

The term __________________ refers to the patterned and recurrent aspects of life that appear in all known societies.
A)cultural relativism
B)requisite societal composition
C)cultural universals

In American culture most women shave their legs. If an American sees a foreign woman with unshaven legs, and thinks the woman should have shaved her legs, the American is demonstrating:
A)a cultural universal.
C)cultural relativism.
D)a subculture.

Which of the following accurately describes a subculture?
A)Members of a subculture are always at odds with the ways of the larger society.
B)A subculture is a set of patterned and recurrent aspects of life that appear in all known societies.
C)Members of a subculture participate in the main culture while simultaneously sharing with one another a number of unique values, norms, traditions, and lifestyles.
D)Members of a subculture use a value-free approach in which they view people from the perspective of their own subculture.

Which of the following is an example of a counterculture in the United States?
A)the old order Amish religious sect
B)delinquent gangs
C)the youth culture prevalent in high schools and colleges
D)employees in large corporations like IBM and AT&T

People generally do not interact in a haphazard or random manner, but rather in a patterned, organized fashion. Sociologists use the term ______________ when referring to this social ordering.
B)role set
D)social structure

Amelia was born into a middle-class white family. Amelia is a teacher. Which of the following is an achieved status for Amelia?
A)being middle class
B)being white
C)being a teacher
D)being female

Why is age a master status for children in this society?
A)A child's age overshadows other statuses in the minds of many people.
B)People treat children like adults in some societies.
C)American families are very child-centered.
D)Age is assigned to us over time.

Which of the following statements concerning roles is NOT true?
A)A single status may have multiple roles attached to it.
B)A role does not exist in isolation, but is integrated with the activities of other people.
C)Roles define duties, but only statuses define rights.
D)A role is the expected behavior of a person.

To compliment your professor for delivering a particularly inspiring lecture would be to comment on his/her:
A)role performance.
B)role modeling.
C)ascribed status.
D)status conception.

Leo must finish writing a report for work that is due the next day. His son's school calls and says that the boy is ill and must be picked up from school. Leo's wife is out of town on business. As a result, Leo is forced to deal with the demands of his role as an employee and his role as a father. This is an example of:
A)role strain.
B)role conflict.
C)role hypersensitivity.
D)role reversal.

People waiting for a bus are an example of a(n):
C)transitory collective.

A(n) _________________ is a collection of people who share a characteristic (e.g., a status, physical characteristic, or a behavioral pattern) that is considered socially significant.

Which of the following is an example of an institution?

Which of the following accurately describes horticultural societies?
A)Horticultural societies have no specialized and enduring work groups or armies.
B)Horticultural societies exhibit increased power of the state and size of the territory it controls.
C)Horticultural societies cultivate plants and occasionally produce a surplus.
D)Horticultural societies have very complex divisions of labor and exchange relationships.

Which of the following is true about a society?
A)Members of a society do not share values and norms.
B)A group must have at least 1,500 members to be considered a society.
C)"Nation state" is another term for society.
D)Members of a society comprise a more or less self-sufficient social unit.

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