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Form of Government, Capital City, and Major Languages
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Form of Government, Capital City, and Major Languages
COUNTRYGOVERNMENTCAPITALMAJOR LANGUAGES
AfghanistanTheocratic republic/transitionalKabulDari, Pashton, Uzbek, Turkmen
Albania Democratic Tiranë Albanian, Greek
Algeria Military/transitional Algiers Arabic, Berber dialects, French
Andorra Parliamentary democracy Andorra Catalán, French, Spanish
Angola Multiparty democracy Luanda Portugese, indigenous
Argentina Federal republic Buenos Aires Spanish, English, Italian, German
Armenia Republic Yerevan Armenian, Azerbaijani, Russian
Australia Federal parliamentary Canberra English, indigenous
Austria Federal republic Vienna German
Azerbaijan Republic Baku Azerbaijani, Russian, Armenian
Bahrain Traditional monarchy Manama Arabic, English, Farsi, Urdu
Bangladesh Republic Dhaka Bangla, English
Barbados Parliamentary state Bridgetown English
Belarus Republic Minsk Byelorussian, Russian
Belgium Constitutional monarchy Brussels Dutch (Flemish), French, German
Belize Parliamentary state Belmopan English, Spanish, Garifuna, Mayan
Benin Republic Porto-Novo French, Fon, Adja, indigenous
Bhutan Monarchy Thimphu Dzongha, Tibetan, Nepalese
Bolivia Republic La Paz Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
Bosnia- Herzegovina Republic/transitional Sarajevo Serb, Croat, Albanian
Botswana Parliamentary republic Gaborone English, Tswania
Brazil Federal republic Brasília Portugese, Spanish, English, French
Brunei Constitutional monarchy Bandar Malay, English, Chinese
Bulgaria Republic/transitional Sofia Bulgarian
Burkina Faso Provisional military Ouagadougou French, indigenous
Burundi Republic/transitional Bujumbura French, Kirundi, Swahili
Cambodia Transitional UN management Phnom Penh Khmer, French
Cameroon Republic Yaoundé English, French, indigenous
Canada Federal parliamentary Ottawa English, French
Cape Verde Republic Praia Portugese, Crioulu
Central African Republic Republic Bangui French, Sango, Arabic, indigenous
Chad Republic N'Djamena Arabic, French, indigenous
Chile Republic Santiago Spanish
China Single-party communist state Beijing Chinese dialects
Colombia Republic Bogotá Spanish
Comoros Republic Moroni Arabic, French, Shaafi Islam
Congo Republic Brazzaville French, indigenous
Costa Rica Republic San José Spanish
Croatia Parliamentary democracy Zagreb Croat, Serb
Cuba Single-party communist state Havana Spanish
Cyprus Republic Nicosia Greek, Turkish, English
Czech Republic Federal republic Prague Czech, Slovak, Hungarian
Denmark Constitutional monarchy Copenhagen Danish
Djibouti Republic Djibouti French, Somali, Afar, Arabic
Dominica Republic Rosseau English, French
Dominican Republic Republic Santo Domingo Spanish
Ecuador Republic Quito Spanish, Quechua, indigenous
Egypt Republic Cairo Arabic
El Salvador Republic San Salvador Spanish, Nahua
Equatorial Guinea Republic Malabo Spanish, indigenous, English
Eritrea Transitional government Asmara Afar, Bilen, Hadareb, Kunuama, Nara
Estonia Republic Tallinn Estonian, Russian
Ethiopia Republic/transitional Addis Ababa Amharic, Tigrinya, Orominga, Arabic
Fiji Republic Suva English, Fijian, Hindustani
Finland Republic Helsinki Finnish, Swedish
France Republic Paris French
Gabon Single-party republic Libreville French, Fang, indigenous
Gambia Republic Banjul English, Mandinka, Wolof, Fula
Georgia Republic Tbilisi Georgian, Russian, Armenian
Germany Federal republic Berlin and Bonn German
Ghana Parliamentary democracy Accra English, Akan, indigenous
Greece Parliamentary democracy Athens Greek
Grenada Parliamentary state St. George's English, French
Guatemala Republic Guatemala Spanish, indigenous
Guinea Republic/transitional Conakry French, indigenous
Guinea-Bissau Single-party republic Bissau Portugese, Crioulo, indigenous
Guyana Republic Georgetown English, indigenous
Haiti Republic Port-au-Prince Creole, French
Honduras Republic Tegucigalpa Spanish, indigenous
Hungary Republic Budapest Hungarian
Iceland Republic Reykjavík Icelandic
India Federal republic New Delhi English, Hindi, Telugu, Bengali
Indonesia Republic Jakarta Indonesian, Javanese, Sundanese
Iran Theocratic republic Tehran Farsi, Turkish, Kurdish, Arabic, English
Iraq Single-party republic Baghdad Arabic, Kurdish, Assyrian, Armenian
Ireland Republic Dublin English, Irish Gaelic
Israel Republic Jerusalem Hebrew, Arabic, English, Yiddish
Ivory Coast Republic Abidjan French, indigenous
Italy Republic Rome Italian
Jamaica Parliamentary state Kingston English, Creole
Japan Constitutional monarchy Tokyo Japanese
Jordan Constitutional monarchy Amman Arabic
Kazakhstan Republic/transitional Alma-Ata Kazakh, Russian, German, Ukranian
Kenya Republic Nairobi English, Swahili, indigenous
Korea, North Single-party communist state Pyongyang Korean
Korea, South Republic Seoul Korean
Kuwait Constitutional monarchy Kuwait Arabic, English
Kyrgyzstan Republic/transitional Bishkek Kirghiz, Russian, Uzbek
Laos Single-party communist state Vientiane Lao, French, Thai, indigenous
Latvia Republic Riga Latvian, Russian
Lebanon Republic Beirut Arabic, French, Armenian, English
Lesotho Constitutional monarchy Maseru English, Sesotho, Zulu, Xhosa
Liberia Republic Monrovia English, indigenous
Libya Single-party parliamentary state Tripoli Arabic
Liechtenstein Constitutional monarchy Vaduz German
Lithuania Republic Vilnius Lithuanian, Russian, Polish
Luxembourg Constitutional monarchy Luxembourg French, Luxembourgish, German
Macedonia Republic/transitional Skopje Macedonian, Albanian
Madagascar Republic Antananarivo Malagasy, French
Malawi Single-party republic Lilongwe Chichewa, English, Tombuka
Malaysia Constitutional monarchy Kuala Lumpur Malay, Chinese, English
Maldives Republic Male Divehi
Mali Single-party republic Bamako French, Bambara, indigenous
Malta Parliamentary democracy Valletta English, Maltese
Mauritania Republic/transitional Nouakchott Arabic, French, indigenous
Mauritius Parliamentary state Port Louis English, Creole, Bhojpun, Hindi
Mexico Federal republic Mexico City Spanish, indigenous
Micronesia Republic Kolonia English, Malay-Polynesian languages
Moldova Republic Kishinev Moldavian, Russian, Ukrainian
Mongolia Single-party communist state Ulan Bator Khalkha Mongol, Kazakh, Russian
Morocco Constitutional monarchy Rabat Arabic, Berber dialects, French
Mozambique Republic Maputo Portuguese, indigenous
Myanmar (Burma) Provisional military Rangoon Burmese, indigenous
Namibia Republic Windhoek Afrikaans, English, German, indigenous
Nepal Constitutional monarchy Kathmandu Nepali, Maithali, Bhojpuri, indigenous
Netherlands Constitutional monarchy Amsterdam Dutch
New Zealand Parliamentary state Wellington English, Maori
Nicaragua Republic Managua Spanish, English, indigenous
Niger Provisional military Niamey French, Hausa, Djerma, indigenous
Nigeria Provisional military Lagos/Abuja English, Hausa, Fulani, Yorbua, Ibo
Norway Constitutional monarchy Oslo Norwegian, Lapp
Oman Traditional monarchy Muscat Arabic, English, Baluchi, Urdu
Pakistan Federal Islamic republic Islamabad English, Urdu, Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi
Panama Republic Panama Spanish, English, indigenous
Papua New Guinea Parliamentary state Port Moresby English, Motu, Pidgin, indigenous
Paraguay Republic (authoritarian) Asunción Spanish, Guarani
Peru Republic Lima Quechua, Spanish, Aymara
Philippines Republic Manila English, Pilipino, Tagalog
Poland Republic Warsaw Polish
Portugal Republic Lisbon Portuguese
Qatar Traditional monarchy Doha Arabic, English
Romania Republic Bucharest Romanian, Hungarian, German
Russia Republic Moscow Russian, Tatar, Ukranian
Rwanda Provisional military Kigali French, Kinyarwanda
St. Kitts and Nevis Parliamentary state Basseterre English
St. Lucia Parliamentary state Castries English, French
St. Vincent/Grenadines Parliamentary state Kingstown English, French
São Tomé and Príncipe Republic São Tomé Portuguese, Fang
Saudi Arabia Islamic monarchy Riyadh Arabic
Senegal Republic Dakar French, Wolof, indigenous
Seychelles Republic Victoria English, French, Creole
Sierra Leone Republic Freetown English, Krio, indigenous
Singapore Republic Singapore Mandarin Chinese, English, Malay
Slovakia Parliamentary democracy Bratislava Slovak, Hungarian, Polish
Slovenia Republic/transitional Ljubljana Slovene
Solomon Islands Parliamentary state Honiara English, Malay-Polynesian languages
Somalia Provisional military Mogadishu Arabic, Somali, English, Italian
South Africa Republic Pretoria Afrikaans, English, Zulu, Xhosa
Spain Parliamentary monarchy Madrid Spanish, Catalan, Galician, Basque
Sri Lanka Republic Colombo English, Sinhala, Tamil
Sudan Islamic republic Khartoum Arabic, Dinka, Nubian, Nuer, Beja
Suriname Military/transitional Paramaribo Dutch, Sranan Tongo, English
Swaziland Monarchy Mbabane English, Swahili
Sweden Constitutional monarchy Stockholm Swedish
Switzerland Federal republic Bern German, French, Italian, Romansch
Syria Republic (authoritarian) Damascus Arabic, Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic
Taiwan Single-party Republic Taipei Chinese dialects
Tajikistan Republic Dushanbe Tajik, Uzbek, Russian
Tanzania Republic Dar es Salaam English, Swahili, indigenous
Thailand Constitutional monarchy Bangkok Thai, indigenous
Togo Single-party republic Lomé French, indigenous
Trinidad and Tobago Parliamentary democracy Port of Spain English, Hindi, French, Spanish
Tunisia Republic Tunis Arabic, French
Turkey Parliamentary democracy Ankara Turkish, Kurdish, Arabic
Turkmenistan Republic Ashkhabad Turkmen, Russian, Uzbek, Kazakh
Uganda Republic Kampala English, Luganda, Swahili, indigenous
Ukraine Republic Kiev Ukranian, Russian
United Arab Emirates Federated monarchy Abu Dhabi Arabic, English, Farsi, Hindi, Urdu
United Kingdom Constitutional monarchy London English, Welsh, Gaelic
United States Federal republic Washington English, Spanish
Uruguay Republic Montevideo Spanish
Uzbekistan Republic Tashkent Uzbek, Russian, Kazakh, Tajik, Tatar
Venezuela Federal republic Caracas Spanish, indigenous
Vietnam Single-party communist state Hanoi Vietnamese, French, Chinese, English
Yemen Republic San`a Arabic
Yugoslavia
(Serbia-Montenegro)
Republic Belgrade Serb, Albanian, Hungarian
Zaire Republic Kinshasa French, Kikongo, Lingala, Swahili
Zambia Single-party republic Lusaka English, Tonga, Lozi, other indigenous
Zimbabwe Republic Harare English, Shona, Sindebele







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