Fungi in the Natural Environment
|1. Fungi are a diverse group of heterotrophic organisms with an absorptive type of nutrition; they generally have a threadlike body and reproduce by spores.
2. The majority of fungi are saprobes, actively recycling nutrients in the environment by decomposing organic matter; however, the ecological importance of the symbiotic fungi is also well known.
3. Some plant diseases caused by fungi have had devastating influences on crop plants, resulting in major impacts on human society.