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Plants and Society, 3/e
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Plant Systematics and Evolution

Chapter Concepts

1. Scientific names are two-word names called binomials that are internationally recognized by the scientific community.

2. Carolus Linnaeus, an eighteenth-century Swedish botanist, started the binomial system and is therefore known as the Father of Taxonomy.

3. With the publication in 1859 of On the Origin of Species, Charles Darwin proposed that species are not static entities but are works in progress that evolve in response to environmental pressures.

4. Natural selection favors the survival and reproduction of those individuals in a species that possess traits that better adapt them to a particular environment.