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Multiple Choice Quiz
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Please answer all questions

1
The membrane closest to the brain is the _____.
A)dura mater
B)pia mater
C)arachnoid meninx
D)denticulate ligament
2
A cranial dural sinus contains which type of fluid?
A)arterial blood
B)mucus
C)venous blood
D)pure cerebrospinal fluid
3
Most of the cerebrospinal fluid is found in the _____.
A)dural sinuses
B)pia mater
C)subarachnoid space
D)epidural space
4
The _____ separates the two cerebellar hemispheres.
A)falx cerebelli
B)falx cerebri
C)tentorium cerebelli
D)arachnoid meninx
5
To minimize trauma, a spinal tap is properly done at the level of _____.
A)L1
B)L2
C)S1
D)L3
6
_____ is an inflammation of the brain coverings.
A)Encephalitis
B)Meningitis
C)Poliomyelitis
D)Cerebral palsy
7
The right and left gray matter areas of the spinal cord are connected by the _____.
A)white commissure
B)gray commissure
C)central canal
D)lateral funiculus
8
The membrane that supplies most of the blood to the brain is the _____.
A)dura mater
B)arachnoid meninx
C)pia mater
D)choroid plexus
9
The _____ is the most inferior area of the spinal cord.
A)cervical enlargement
B)conus medullaris
C)lumbar enlargement
D)filum terminale
10
The funiculi all contain _____.
A)gray synapses
B)sensory fibers
C)motor fibers
D)nerve tracts
11
The _____ tract is motor in nature.
A)fasciculus gracilis
B)spinothalamic
C)spinocerebellar
D)corticospinal
12
At what level do the majority of nerve fibers cross from the right to the left?
A)T1-T12
B)medulla
C)pons
D)cervical region of spinal cord
13
The term that means crossing over, is _____.
A)fasciculus
B)commissure
C)decussation
D)degeneration
14
Lou Gehrig's disease can also be called _____.
A)cerebral palsy
B)poliomyelitis
C)amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
D)hemiplegia
15
The main symptom of upper motor neuron syndrome is _____.
A)flaccid paralysis
B)spastic paralysis
C)lower motor neuron involvement
D)severe pain
16
The brain contains about how many fibers and neurons?
A)600 trillion
B)5 million
C)100 billion
D)6 trillion
17
Initially, the developing forebrain is called the _____.
A)prosencephalon
B)diencephalon
C)telencephalon
D)rhombencephalon
18
The cerebral hemispheres are connected by a large white fiber pathway called the _____.
A)fornix
B)insula
C)circular sulcus
D)corpus callosum
19
Broca's motor area is primarily concerned with _____.
A)vision
B)speech
C)hearing
D)sensory impulses
20
Broca's area is usually in the _____ area of the _____.
A)left; prefrontal cortex
B)right; temporal lobe
C)left; frontal lobe
D)right; occipital lobe
21
Loss of the ability to speak is always related to _____.
A)apraxia
B)cerebrovascular accident
C)concussion
D)aphasia
22
The precentral gyrus is involved with _____ activities.
A)sensory
B)abstract mental
C)visual perception
D)motor
23
Pyramidal cells are located in the _____ region.
A)cerebellar
B)cerebral cortex
C)corpus callosum
D)basal ganglia
24
The junction of the parietal, temporal and occipital association areas is called the _____.
A)general somesthetic area
B)general interpretative area
C)precentral gyrus motor region
D)Wernicke region
25
Right and left hemisphere memories are connected by the _____.
A)presence of association fibers
B)cerebellum
C)corpus callosum
D)convolutions
26
The main difference between a CVA and TIA is that a CVA _____.
A)is more severe
B)occurs in a larger area
C)involves some permanent damage
D)causes only temporary loss of function
27
A blow to the skull causes a _____ when the person loses consciousness.
A)concussion
B)contusion
C)CVA
D)TIA
28
What is the term for lack of blood flow?
A)hypoxia
B)infarction
C)ischemia
D)hypoxemia
29
Short-term memory seems to be processed in the _____ and frontal lobe areas.
A)hypothalamus
B)hippocampus
C)temporal
D)occipital
30
The inability to perform a simple task such as picking up a quarter, is related to ______.
A)cerebral dominance
B)aphasia
C)apraxia
D)lissencephaly
31
Which of these terms does not belong with the others?
A)sensory
B)motor
C)dorsal root
D)posterior cord
32
The following are basal ganglia terms except which one?
A)caudate nucleus
B)putamen
C)hippocampus
D)globus pallidus
33
What is the most significant neurotransmitter in the basal ganglia?
A)norepinephrine
B)epinephrine
C)acetylcholine
D)dopamine
34
The basal ganglia are mainly related to _____ functions.
A)motor
B)sensory
C)mental
D)autonomic
35
The interventricular foramen connects the _____.
A)two lateral ventricles
B)lateral to fourth ventricle
C)lateral to third ventricle
D)third to fourth ventricle
36
The third ventricle is located around and near the _____.
A)hippocampus
B)thalamus
C)cerebellum
D)midbrain
37
The cerebrospinal fluid is produced by the capillaries of the _____.
A)lateral ventricle
B)arachnoid villi
C)choroid plexus
D)dural sinus
38
On the average, nearly _____ ml of CSF are produced daily.
A)100
B)500
C)140
D)1,000
39
Which of the following is not normally a part of cerebrospinal fluid?
A)glucose
B)electrolytes
C)Na+
D)erythrocytes
40
Reabsorption of CSF occurs from the _____ into the dural sinuses.
A)pia mater
B)jugular vein
C)arachnoid granulations
D)arachnoid mater
41
The following are true of CSF except which one?
A)is produced by choroid plexuses
B)transports glucose and other brain nutrients
C)flows under high pressure
D)found in all ventricles
42
A spinal cord CSF sample is usually taken from the _____.
A)brain
B)peripheral nerves
C)lumbar subarachnoid space
D)cervical subarachnoid space
43
The brain stem includes all of the following except the _____.
A)medulla
B)pons
C)midbrain
D)cerebral cortex
44
The infundibulum is a narrow part of the _____.
A)hypothalamus
B)pituitary
C)pineal gland
D)thalamus
45
Which of the following is an area of decussation?
A)optic tract
B)optic chiasma
C)optic nerve
D)olfactory tract
46
Sensory impulses are screened and relayed to higher centers by the _____ region.
A)thalamus
B)hypothalamus
C)mammillary body
D)limbic system
47
Of the following, the area that has the greatest effect on visceral functions such as heart rate and hormone production is the _____.
A)thalamus
B)hypothalamus
C)cerebellum
D)midbrain
48
Most integration of the sex and food drive behaviors is accomplished through the _____ areas.
A)cerebral cortex
B)hypothalamic nuclei
C)limbic system
D)brain stem
49
The area that coordinates visual reflexes is the _____.
A)cerebellum
B)superior colliculus
C)inferior colliculus
D)cerebral peduncles
50
The _____ has the main centers for breathing reflexes.
A)pons
B)medulla
C)cerebrum
D)hypothalamus
51
Which of the following is not a medullary vital center?
A)blood pressure
B)cardiac
C)vasomotor
D)respiratory
52
The _____ acts to keep one aroused and awake.
A)vasomotor center
B)corpora quadrigemina
C)diencephalon
D)reticular formation
53
The following are true of the cerebellum except which one?
A)has lobes connected by the vermis
B)controls voluntary movements
C)controls involuntary movements
D)has the arbor vitae pathways
54
The cranial nerve directly involved with swallowing is the _____.
A)XII
B)IX
C)spinal accessory
D)facial
55
Eye movement is brought about by all of these except _____.
A)ophthalmic nerve
B)IV
C)III
D)abducens
56
Tic douloureux is facial pain traveling through the ____ nerve.
A)facial
B)hypoglossal
C)trigeminal
D)cranial 8th
57
The longest autonomic nerve is the _____.
A)phrenic
B)spinal accessory
C)vagus
D)thoracic
58
The _____ nerve is a branch of the VIII cranial nerve.
A)ophthalmic
B)mandibular
C)maxillary
D)cochlear
59
An area of skin innervated by sensory nerves is a _____.
A)dermatome
B)ventral root
C)dermal receptor
D)dorsal root
60
The following are plexus names except which one?
A)cervical
B)thoracic
C)lumbar
D)brachial
61
The phrenic nerve arises from the _____ plexus.
A)cervical
B)brachial
C)lumbar
D)thoracic
62
The largest and longest nerve in the body is the _____.
A)femoral
B)sciatic
C)phrenic
D)vagus
63
The following belong together except which one?
A)sympathetic
B)parasympathetic
C)chain ganglia
D)paravertebral ganglia
64
Sympathetic nerves arise from _____ and _____ regions.
A)cervical; lumbar
B)cranial; sacral
C)cranial; thoracic
D)thoracic; lumbar
65
Norepinephrine is released from _____ nerves.
A)all autonomic
B)parasympathetic
C)the vagus
D)sympathetic
66
The following could occur together effectively except which one?
A)increased heart rate
B)sweating
C)digestion
D)pupil dilation







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