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Multiple Choice Quiz
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1
Which of the following contain lymph fluid?
A)systemic capillaries
B)pulmonary capillaries
C)lacteals
D)interstitial fluid
2
The _____ vessel drains the arm.
A)intercostal trunk
B)bronchomediastinal
C)subclavian trunk
D)jugular trunk
3
The lymphatic ducts will empty directly into the _____.
A)heart
B)subclavian veins
C)thoracic veins
D)brachiocephalic veins
4
What is one major force that causes interstitial fluid to enter lymphatic capillaries?
A)blood osmotic pressure
B)blood hydrostatic pressure
C)tissue osmotic pressure
D)tissue hydrostatic pressure
5
The main activity that causes fluid to flow through lymphatic vessels is _____.
A)muscle contraction
B)hydrostatic pressure
C)osmotic pressure
D)blood pressure
6
What would happen if the pectoral lymph nodes were removed during a surgical procedure?
A)cancer would develop in the area
B)infections would spread
C)the area would dehydrate
D)edema would develop distally
7
What is the main cause of edema following damage to an area of lymphatic vessels?
A)increase in tissue proteins
B)loss of tissue proteins
C)increase in blood osmotic pressure
D)increase in tissue osmotic pressure
8
Inflammation of a lymph node is called _____.
A)lymphangitis
B)tonsillitis
C)lymphadenitis
D)lymphedema
9
An efferent lymphatic vessel is carrying fluid _____.
A)away from the heart
B)towards the lymph node
C)out of an area
D)away from a node
10
Which of the following lymphatic areas are totally encapsulated with fibrous tissue?
A)palatine tonsil
B)Peyer's patches
C)cervical node
D)pharyngeal tonsil
11
Which of the following is not an area that contains lymph nodes?
A)abdominal cavity
B)cranial cavity
C)thoracic cavity
D)axillary region
12
Which of these nodes cannot be directly palpated?
A)inguinal
B)axillary
C)cubital
D)mesenteric
13
The breast tissue fluid will drain into the _____ nodes.
A)inguinal
B)pelvic
C)axillary
D)cervical
14
What is the largest lymphatic organ in a child?
A)spleen
B)adenoids
C)thymus
D)appendix
15
Where is the thymus gland located?
A)mediastinum
B)pleural cavity
C)abdominal cavity
D)superior to the pelvic nodes
16
The cells within the thymus gland probably originated from the _____.
A)spleen
B)liver
C)bone marrow
D)Peyer's patches
17
The red pulp of the spleen functions to _____.
A)produce erythrocytes
B)produce lymphocytes
C)phagocytize senescent cells
D)produce B-cells
18
The white pulp of the spleen functions to _____.
A)produce lymphocytes
B)remove foreign particles
C)store blood
D)phagocytize bacteria
19
An infection results when pathogens _____.
A)enter a tissue area
B)enter the blood
C)grow and multiply
D)grow and cause damage
20
The fact that humans usually cannot contract a monkey pneumonia is explained by the theory of _____.
A)mechanical barriers
B)enzyme action
C)interferon
D)species resistance
21
A nonspecific class of chemicals that can inhibit viruses and cancer cell growth is _____.
A)antibodies
B)peptides
C)interferon
D)antigens
22
Which of the following is not an enzyme capable of destroying foreign bacteria?
A)pepsin
B)fibrin
C)lysozyme
D)lipase
23
The following are symptoms of inflammation except which one?
A)edema
B)hyperemia
C)exudate
D)dehydration
24
Which inflammatory response provides the greatest protection from the spread of pathogens?
A)antibody production
B)increase in leukocytes
C)fibroblast activity
D)redness and edema
25
The major pathologic feature of inflammation is _____.
A)fibroblast activity
B)capillary permeability
C)increase in blood
D)loss of function
26
What is the main inflammatory blood cell?
A)monocyte
B)neutrophil
C)lymphocyte
D)eosinophil
27
Which of these does not belong with the others?
A)monocytes
B)neutrophils
C)macrophage
D)histiocytes
28
Which of the following is a specific immune defense?
A)antibody
B)interferon
C)phagocytosis
D)all of these
29
Thymus derived lymphocytes comprise about _____% of the circulating lymphocytes.
A)99
B)10
C)50
D)75
30
Where are the greatest number of B cells found?
A)lymph node
B)circulating blood
C)bone marrow
D)lymph vessel
31
Antigens are foreign substances recognized by _____.
A)macrophages
B)T cells
C)B cells
D)all of these
32
Which of the following could not be antigenic by themselves?
A)protein
B)polysaccharides
C)haptens
D)glycolipids
33
Cell-mediated immunity is mainly a function of _____.
A)B cells
B)T cells
C)macrophages
D)neutrophils
34
Which of the following activates the cytotoxic T cells?
A)interferon
B)interleukin-1
C)interleukin-2
D)interleukin-4
35
Which factor stimulates B cell proliferation?
A)interleukin-1
B)interleukin-2
C)gamma-interferon
D)CSF
36
Which factor activates phagocytosis by monocytes?
A)cytokine
B)gamma-interferon
C)interleukin-4
D)lymphokine
37
T cells may produce _____, which is lethal to the target cells invaded by a pathogen.
A)interleukin-2
B)perforin
C)interferon
D)interleukin-3
38
Humoral immunity is mediated by the _____.
A)monocytes
B)T cells
C)B cells
D)neutrophils
39
The specific source of antibodies is the _____.
A)B cell
B)T cell
C)macrophage
D)plasma cell
40
Agammaglobinemia will seriously impair which ability?
A)CMI
B)T cell functions
C)antibody production
D)phagocytosis
41
The heavy chains of an immunoglobulin differ by having _____.
A)fewer lipids
B)more amino acids
C)more antigen sites
D)more sulfur atoms
42
Most of the circulating antibodies are derived from _____ class immunoglobulin.
A)A
B)E
C)G
D)D
43
The cross reaction that occurs between incompatible blood types is caused by _____ antibodies.
A)G
B)M
C)A
D)E
44
Which is the most common immunoglobulin for allergies?
A)IgA
B)IgE
C)IgD
D)IgG
45
Erythrocytes clump together because of a _____ process.
A)clotting
B)agglutination
C)complement
D)precipitin
46
Which of the following processes can be initiated by any type of antibody fixation?
A)complement
B)neutralization
C)lysis phenomena
D)antibodies
47
The process which increases the chance of a neutrophil or monocyte engulfing an invader is _____.
A)phagocytosis
B)neutralization
C)complement fixation
D)opsonization
48
Tumors are most likely inactivated by _____ cells.
A)B
B)helper T
C)cytotoxic T
D)suppressor T
49
The increase in antibody levels in a second antigen exposure is due to the _____.
A)memory B cell
B)T cells
C)helper T cells
D)B clones
50
A vaccination is an example of _____ immunity.
A)naturally acquired active
B)artificially acquired active
C)artificially acquired passive
D)naturally acquired passive
51
Artificially acquired passive immunity could be the result of _____ injection.
A)antigen
B)toxoid
C)gamma globulin
D)cortisone
52
Naturally acquired passive immunity results from _____.
A)a bee sting
B)immunization
C)a flu shot
D)placental transfer
53
AIDS is caused by viruses that specifically invade _____.
A)the liver
B)B cells
C)T cells
D)neutrophils
54
Purified protein derivative is used to screen for _____.
A)AIDS
B)leukemia
C)tuberculosis
D)syphilis
55
Which of the following cause the symptoms of an immediate allergy reaction?
A)B cells
B)T cells
C)mast cells
D)neutrophils
56
Which of the following is an autoimmune disease of the thyroid gland?
A)Graves disease
B)SLE
C)scleroderma
D)rheumatoid arthritis







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