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Multiple Choice Quiz
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1
Energy is derived mainly from the metabolism of _____.
A)protein
B)nucleic acids
C)lipids
D)carbohydrates
2
Which of the following does not belong with the others?
A)lignin
B)cellulose
C)glycogen
D)pectin
3
Which of the following is most commonly oxidized for energy?
A)fructose
B)glucose
C)galactose
D)sucrose
4
Which of the following is not utilized for energy?
A)glucose
B)glycogen
C)ribose
D)galactose
5
Which tissue cannot store glycogen or lipids for energy?
A)nervous
B)skeletal muscle
C)liver
D)cardiac
6
In order to prevent protein losses, an adult must consume at least _____ grams of carbohydrate daily.
A)125
B)25
C)75
D)400
7
Which of the following is most likely used for energy?
A)cholesterol
B)triglycerides
C)phospholipids
D)fats
8
Which of the following is a good source of cholesterol?
A)olive oil
B)peanut oil
C)Swiss cheese
D)egg yolk
9
Which of the following can be synthesized by the liver?
A)cholesterol
B)linoleic acid
C)arachidonic acid
D)linolenic acid
10
Excess _____ are stored in the adipose tissue and can be converted to fatty acids on demand.
A)cholesterol molecules
B)triglycerides
C)glycerol molecules
D)carbohydrates
11
A diet that is _____% fat is considered healthy.
A)5
B)over 30
C)under 30
D)50
12
Which of the following is the usual precursor to the others?
A)cholesterol
B)lipoproteins
C)phospholipids
D)triglycerides
13
There are _____ essential amino acids that must be included in the diet of a child.
A)20
B)5
C)10
D)8
14
Which of the following is not an essential adult amino acid?
A)methionine
B)phenylalanine
C)isoleucine
D)alanine
15
Arginine and _____ are additional amino acids that must be provided to children.
A)glutamine
B)glycine
C)histidine
D)cysteine
16
Which of the following is a source of incomplete protein?
A)fish
B)corn
C)poultry
D)milk
17
Which of these functions is the least important for proteins?
A)become blood osmotic proteins
B)convert to enzymes
C)utilization for energy
D)component of structures
18
Which of the following is not a protein derivative?
A)collagen
B)keratin
C)hemoglobin
D)cortisol
19
Nutritional edema will develop in a _____ deficiency.
A)protein
B)carbohydrate
C)lipid
D)electrolyte
20
How many calories are needed to raise 10 grams of water from 27 to 37 degrees Celsius?
A)100 kcal
B)100 cal
C)10 Cal
D)1,000 cal
21
Which food would yield the greatest number of calories?
A)10 gram steak
B)10 gram bread
C)10 gram cheese
D)15 gram rice
22
Which of the following would be most accurate in the assessment of a basal metabolic rate?
A)oxygen consumption
B)total calories consumed
C)total calories burned
D)blood pressure
23
The average basal metabolic rate requires one calorie of energy per hour for each _____ of body weight.
A)gram
B)kilogram
C)10 grams
D)10 kilograms
24
Which of the following does not tend to decrease basal metabolic rate?
A)being female
B)larger individuals
C)body temperature of 97° F
D)thyroxine levels
25
Which has the highest caloric usage per hour?
A)jogging
B)walking up stairs
C)vigorous exercise
D)swimming
26
The desirable weight for a 26-year-old female who is 5 feet and has a medium frame is around _____ pounds.
A)100
B)150
C)110
D)90
27
Persons are considered obese if their weight is _____ over the desired weight.
A)50 lbs
B)10%
C)19%
D)21%
28
Which of the following is a water-soluble vitamin?
A)A
B)B
C)D
D)E
29
Which of the following does not contain vitamin A?
A)carrots
B)fish
C)milk
D)liver
30
Which of the following is derived from vitamin A?
A)rhodopsin
B)beta-carotene
C)bile salts
D)cholesterol
31
Which of these factors causes vitamin A destruction?
A)heat
B)acid
C)light
D)alkali
32
What is the most active form of vitamin D?
A)dihydroxycholecalciferol
B)cholecalciferol
C)hydroxycholecalciferol
D)ergocalciferol
33
Which organ is the last to convert vitamin D to its most active form?
A)liver
B)skin
C)kidney
D)intestine
34
Which is the best source of vitamin D?
A)natural cow's milk
B)enriched milk
C)fortified milk
D)vegetables
35
Vitamin D deficiency could result in poor _____.
A)vision
B)bone growth
C)skin development
D)neurologic functions
36
Which of these is a potent anti-oxidizing agent?
A)vitamin A
B)vitamin E
C)alpha-tocopherol
D)vitamin D
37
The most important vitamin which promotes normal blood clotting is vitamin _____.
A)A
B)B complex
C)C
D)K
38
A rich source of vitamin K is _____.
A)spinach
B)eggs
C)wheat
D)tomatoes
39
Which of the following is not a B complex vitamin?
A)niacin
B)riboflavin
C)cyanocobalamin
D)phylloquinone
40
Which of the following is the most important vitamin for carbohydrate metabolism?
A)vitamin C
B)vitamin A
C)B-complex vitamins
D)ascorbic acid
41
Cocarboxylase is an enzyme that utilizes the vitamin _____ as part of its structure.
A)thiamin
B)niacin
C)riboflavin
D)folic acid
42
Alcoholics are particularly susceptible to develop a _____ deficiency.
A)vitamin D
B)vitamin E
C)thiamin
D)riboflavin
43
FAD is a metabolic coenzyme that requires _____ in its structure.
A)vitamin C
B)thiamine
C)vitamin B2
D)vitamin B1
44
Tryptophan is an essential amino acid that can be used to synthesize the vitamin _____ in human cells.
A)riboflavin
B)niacin
C)cyanocobalamin
D)folic acid
45
Coenzymes I and II have _____ as part of their structure.
A)folic acid
B)pantothenate
C)niacin
D)riboflavin
46
Which of these results from niacin deficiency?
A)beriberi
B)rickets
C)pellagra
D)megaloblastic anemia
47
Pyridoxine is a chemical name for vitamin _____.
A)B6
B)B12
C)B1
D)B2
48
Acetyl coenzyme A has _____ in its structure.
A)flavoprotein
B)folic acid
C)niacin
D)pantothenic acid
49
Pernicious anemia will develop in the absence of intrinsic factor or vitamin _____.
A)B6
B)folic acid
C)E
D)B12
50
Vitamin C is necessary for the synthesis of _____.
A)collagen
B)keratin
C)erythrocytes
D)visual pigments
51
Vitamin C is closely related to _____ in structure.
A)glucose
B)protein
C)vitamin D
D)biotin
52
The most abundant minerals in the body are calcium and _____.
A)magnesium
B)sodium
C)phosphate
D)chloride
53
Phosphate is important for which of the following?
A)bone matrix
B)ATP and energy reactions
C)DNA and RNA
D)all of these
54
Methionine and cysteine are unique amino acids because they contain the element _____.
A)nitrogen
B)carbon
C)sulfur
D)oxygen
55
The most abundant extracellular cation, conserved by aldosterone is _____.
A)potassium
B)sodium
C)chloride
D)calcium
56
Which ion is most important in oxygen transport?
A)iron
B)Mg2+
C)Cl-
D)iodine
57
The trace mineral _____ is essential for hemoglobin and neurological functions.
A)Mn2+
B)Cu2+
C)Fe2+
D)Na+







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