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Multiple Choice Quiz
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Please answer all questions

1
Nutrients that the body needs but cannot synthesize on its own are called __________________.
A)essential nutrients
B)RDAs
C)macronutrients
D)micronutrients
2
Which of these carbohydrates is not a good source of energy for humans?
A)beet sugar
B)molasses
C)cellulose
D)fruits
3
Choose the carbohydrate that is not a monosaccharide absorbed from the digestive tract.
A)fructose
B)maltose
C)galactose
D)glucose
4
Which cells of the body, under normal circumstances, must have energy in the form of glucose in order to survive?
A)skin cells
B)muscle cells
C)neurons
D)cells of the liver
5
How does the body make use of dietary cholesterol?
A)It is used as an energy source.
B)It is used to line arteries.
C)It is used for structural material in cell membranes.
D)It is stored in adipose tissue.
6
The American Heart Association recommends that dietary fat should constitute no more than ________ of daily caloric intake.
A)10%
B)30%
C)50%
D)70%
7
Which of these is not one of the ways the body uses dietary protein?
A)to help regulate osmotic balance of the blood
B)as an energy source
C)for building and repairing tissue
D)to synthesize bile
8
Many proteins contain all the essential amino acids while others do not. Choose the protein source that provides incomplete protein.
A)beef
B)pork
C)corn
D)fish
9
The basal metabolic rate (BMR) measures the rate of energy expenditure when _________________.
A)a dieter is fasting
B)the person is asleep
C)the person is doing light office work
D)the body is awake but resting
10
Which vitamin is fat-soluble and has carotene as its precursor?
A)vitamin A
B)vitamin B6
C)vitamin D
D)vitamin C
11
Intrinsic factor is necessary for the absorption of which vitamin?
A)vitamin B12
B)vitamin C
C)vitamin E
D)folic acid
12
Neural tube defects are easily prevented by the adequate intake of _____________ by the pregnant mother?
A)biotin
B)folacin
C)pantothenic acid
D)ascorbic acid (vitamin C)
13
Which major mineral makes a major contribution to the solute concentration of extracellular fluids?
A)calcium
B)phosphorus
C)sodium
D)potassium
14
The trace element _____________ is necessary for wound healing, and a deficiency of it results in depressed immunity.
A)iron
B)copper
C)cobalt
D)zinc
15
Looking like a skeleton, having a greatly depressed immune system, and dying of childhood diseases are traits that characterize _________________.
A)kwashiorkor
B)marasmus
C)bulimia
D)anorexia nervosa
16
Which term would be used to describe the synthesis of a cellular protein?
A)metabolism
B)catabolism
C)anabolism
D)hydrolysis
17
Which of the following cannot be hydrolyzed to glucose in humans?
A)sucrose
B)complex carbohydrates
C)glycogen
D)cellulose
18
Which of these is a disaccharide?
A)lactose
B)glucose
C)fructose
D)galactose
19
The carbohydrate _____is critical for the function of genes.
A)deoxyribose
B)ribose
C)pectin
D)hemicellulose
20
Which carbohydrate can be found in a steak?
A)triglyceride
B)glycogen
C)glucose
D)amino acid
21
An essential compound not readily synthesized in the liver is _____.
A)lipoprotein
B)linoleic acid
C)fatty acid
D)cholesterol
22
A diet that contains _____will have sufficient amino acids.
A)rice and potatoes
B)rice and beans
C)corn and potatoes
D)rice and corn
23
How many calories are produced from 10g carbohydrate, 5g fat, and 2g protein?
A)55
B)1,098
C)96
D)80
24
Of the following, which factors influence basal metabolic rate to the greatest extent?
A)thyroid hormone
B)a high fat diet
C)more than 3,000 calorie diet
D)cigarette smoking
25
Which of these is the hormonally active form of vitamin D?
A)ergocalciferol
B)dihydroxycholecalciferol
C)cholecalciferol
D)vitamin D2
26
Hemorrhaging could occur because of lack of sufficient vitamin ____.
A)A
B)D
C)E
D)K
27
The most essential vitamin required to allow carbon to enter the citric acid cycle is ____.
A)riboflavin
B)folic acid
C)pantothenic acid
D)pyridoxine
28
Pernicious anemia can result from lack of vitamin ____.
A)B12
B)B3
C)thiamine
D)folate
29
The element _____is an essential part of proteins.
A)Na+
B)iron
C)sulfur
D)phosphorus







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