Nutrients that the body needs but cannot synthesize on its own are called __________________.
Which of these carbohydrates is not a good source of energy for humans?
Choose the carbohydrate that is not a monosaccharide absorbed from the digestive tract.
Which cells of the body, under normal circumstances, must have energy in the form of glucose in order to survive?
|D)||cells of the liver|
How does the body make use of dietary cholesterol?
|A)||It is used as an energy source.|
|B)||It is used to line arteries.|
|C)||It is used for structural material in cell membranes.|
|D)||It is stored in adipose tissue.|
The American Heart Association recommends that dietary fat should constitute no more than ________ of daily caloric intake.
Which of these is not one of the ways the body uses dietary protein?
|A)||to help regulate osmotic balance of the blood|
|B)||as an energy source|
|C)||for building and repairing tissue|
|D)||to synthesize bile|
Many proteins contain all the essential amino acids while others do not. Choose the protein source that provides incomplete protein.
The basal metabolic rate (BMR) measures the rate of energy expenditure when _________________.
|A)||a dieter is fasting|
|B)||the person is asleep|
|C)||the person is doing light office work|
|D)||the body is awake but resting|
Which vitamin is fat-soluble and has carotene as its precursor?
Intrinsic factor is necessary for the absorption of which vitamin?
Neural tube defects are easily prevented by the adequate intake of _____________ by the pregnant mother?
|D)||ascorbic acid (vitamin C)|
Which major mineral makes a major contribution to the solute concentration of extracellular fluids?
The trace element _____________ is necessary for wound healing, and a deficiency of it results in depressed immunity.
Looking like a skeleton, having a greatly depressed immune system, and dying of childhood diseases are traits that characterize _________________.
Which term would be used to describe the synthesis of a cellular protein?
Which of the following cannot be hydrolyzed to glucose in humans?
Which of these is a disaccharide?
The carbohydrate _____is critical for the function of genes.
Which carbohydrate can be found in a steak?
An essential compound not readily synthesized in the liver is _____.
A diet that contains _____will have sufficient amino acids.
|A)||rice and potatoes|
|B)||rice and beans|
|C)||corn and potatoes|
|D)||rice and corn|
How many calories are produced from 10g carbohydrate, 5g fat, and 2g protein?
Of the following, which factors influence basal metabolic rate to the greatest extent?
|B)||a high fat diet|
|C)||more than 3,000 calorie diet|
Which of these is the hormonally active form of vitamin D?
Hemorrhaging could occur because of lack of sufficient vitamin ____.
The most essential vitamin required to allow carbon to enter the citric acid cycle is ____.
Pernicious anemia can result from lack of vitamin ____.
The element _____is an essential part of proteins.