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Multiple Choice Quiz
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1
Epithelial tissue is characterized by each of these traits, except that ____________.
A)it lacks blood vessels
B)it functions in secretion, absorption, and excretion
C)epithelial cells are loosely packed and have much intercellular material
D)it is anchored to a basement membrane
2
Microvilli, which function to increase surface area, are more likely to be found in ____________ epithelium.
A)simple cuboidal
B)simple squamous
C)transitional
D)simple columnar
3
Epithelium that appears layered due to the varying levels at which nuclei are found in cells, but in reality is not layered, is _________________.
A)transitional epithelium
B)pseudostratified columnar epithelium
C)stratified squamous epithelium
D)stratified columnar epithelium
4
The outer layer of the skin is composed of ______________________.
A)transitional epithelium
B)pseudostratified columnar epithelium
C)stratified squamous epithelium
D)stratified columnar epithelium
5
The primary purpose of stratification, or layering, in epithelial tissue is for increased _____________.
A)protection
B)secretion
C)absorption
D)thickening of the basement membrane
6
What type of epithelium lines the urinary bladder and is capable of distention?
A)stratified cuboidal epithelium
B)stratified squamous epithelium
C)transitional epithelium
D)stratified columnar epithelium
7
An exocrine gland that loses small parts of its cell bodies during secretion, as is the case for the mammary gland, is further classified as a(n) ____________ gland.
A)merocrine
B)apocrine
C)holocrine
D)endocrine
8
Connective tissues are somewhat similar to epithelial tissues in all of these characteristics except ___________________.
A)they have abundant intercellular material
B)they can usually reproduce themselves
C)they often serve more than one function
D)they occur throughout the body
9
What function do fibroblasts serve in connective tissue?
A)carry on phagocytosis
B)secrete heparin that prevents blood clotting
C)secrete proteins that become fibers in the connective tissue matrix
D)release histamine associated with allergies and inflammation
10
Connective tissue fibers that have great tensile strength and can be found in ligaments and tendons are _________________.
A)elastic fibers
B)collagenous fibers
C)reticular fibers
D)yellow fibers
11
The type of cartilage found in intervertebral disks of the vertebral column is ________________.
A)hyaline cartilage
B)elastic cartilage
C)yellow cartilage
D)fibrocartilage
12
Choosing from the following list of connective tissues, which one consists of cells in a fluid matrix?
A)loose connective tissue
B)adipose tissue
C)bone
D)blood
13
Select the correct statement about bone.
A)Bone stores, but does not release, inorganic salts.
B)Bone cells (osteocytes) are dead in mature bone.
C)Bone is a very metabolically active tissue.
D)Elderly people cannot rebuild bone.
14
Which muscle tissue is multinucleate, voluntary, and bears striations?
A)skeletal muscle
B)smooth muscle
C)multiunit smooth muscle
D)cardiac muscle
15
Neuroglial cells help neurons in each of these ways, with the exception of _______________.
A)supporting and binding nervous tissue
B)carrying on phagocytosis
C)playing a role in cell-to-cell communications
D)transmitting nervous impulses
16
Which of the following is not one of the four major types of tissues?
A)epithelial
B)connective
C)nervous
D)skeletal muscle
17
The only major type of tissue specialized for movement is the _____ tissue.
A)nervous
B)cardiac muscle
C)muscle
D)connective
18
The cells lining blood vessels and the lung alveoli are classed as _____ epithelium.
A)columnar
B)stratified squamous
C)simple squamous
D)cuboidal
19
The kidney tubules are lined with _____ epithelial cells.
A)columnar
B)cuboidal
C)squamous
D)ciliated
20
The cells that directly and specifically secrete mucus are called _____ cells.
A)epithelial
B)endocrine
C)exocrine
D)goblet
21
The term _____ refers to the fact that an epithelial tissue has only one layer of cells.
A)stratified
B)cuboidal
C)simple
D)pseudostratified
22
One of the main functions associated with simple squamous epithelium is _____.
A)diffusion
B)active transport
C)secretion
D)absorption
23
What type of tissue is found on the surface of the ovaries?
A)simple squamous
B)simple columnar
C)simple cuboidal
D)stratified epithelium
24
The lining of the vagina is covered with _____ cells.
A)mucus, columnar
B)pseudostratified epithelium
C)stratified cuboidal
D)stratified squamous
25
Connective tissue is complex because it has a variety of cells and a noncellular background called a_____ surrounding them.
A)collagen
B)elastin
C)mucous secretion
D)matrix
26
Which of these is not a connective tissue?
A)blood
B)bone
C)muscle
D)cartilage
27
What type of tissue holds most organs together?
A)adipose
B)muscular
C)dense connective
D)loose connective







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