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Multiple Choice Quiz
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1
Unlike the other major membranes of the body, _______________ membranes lack an epithelial layer.
A)serous
B)mucous
C)synovial
D)cutaneous
2
The functions of the skin include all of these except __________________.
A)taking in nutrients
B)preventing the entry of microorganisms
C)retarding water loss
D)regulating body temperature
3
Within the skin, a basement membrane can be found separating the ________________ and the __________________.
A)epidermis; hypodermis
B)epidermis; dermis
C)dermis; hypodermis
D)hypodermis; underlying muscle
4
The protective dead layer of cells of the outer epidermis is called the _______________.
A)stratum corneum
B)stratum granulosum
C)stratum spinosum
D)stratum basale
5
Melanocytes lie within the _________________ of the skin.
A)stratum corneum and top layers
B)deepest dermis
C)stratum spinosum and stratum lucidum
D)stratum basale and upper dermis
6
Which of these phrases does not characterize the dermis?
A)conical dermal papillae
B)thinner in areas receiving greater friction and use
C)loss of elasticity with age and sun exposure
D)muscle and nerve fibers
7
Adipose tissue is most abundant in the ________________ layer under the skin.
A)epidermal
B)dermal
C)subcutaneous
D)transdermal
8
Hairs arise from which layer of the skin?
A)dermis
B)stratum basale of the epidermis
C)subcutaneous layer
D)connective tissue
9
Within nails, the most rapidly dividing cells can be found in the __________________.
A)nail plate
B)nail bed
C)nail tip
D)lunula
10
It is the body's __________________ glands that respond to higher body temperature and release water to the skin surface.
A)sebaceous
B)eccrine
C)apocrine
D)ceruminous
11
Modified sweat glands, called __________________ glands, secrete wax in the ear canal.
A)sebaceous
B)eccrine
C)apocrine
D)ceruminous
12
Heat loss occurs from the body by each of these methods except __________________.
A)evaporation
B)convection
C)cellular respiration
D)radiation
13
Choose the response that the body employs to raise body temperature only when the others listed have failed.
A)constricted skin blood vessels
B)sweat glands inactivated
C)slight skeletal muscle contraction
D)full body shivering
14
Which statement is true about tans and tanning?
A)Sunning for the purpose of tanning produces healthier skin.
B)A tan indicates sun damage to the skin.
C)Tans last even if the skin is not exposed to the sun for months.
D)Tanning promotes skin with a more youthful appearance.
15
A(n) _________________ is the transplanting of one's own skin from an unburned region of the body to a burned area.
A)autograft
B)homograft
C)holograft
D)zenograft
16
Which term does not belong with the others?
A)epidermis
B)dermis
C)cutaneous membrane
D)subcutaneous region
17
Which term does not belong with the others?
A)basal cells
B)stratum corneum
C)stratum germinativum
D)germinal layer
18
What is one important function for melanin?
A)cause the skin to be cooler
B)increase the amount of blood vessels
C)strengthen the skin or eyes
D)absorb harmful radiation
19
The yellowish color of some person's skin is due to _____.
A)lack of blood supply
B)low melanin levels
C)carotene
D)hemoglobin
20
The epidermal ridges or fingerprints are probably caused by the _____.
A)genes in the epidermis
B)dermal papillae
C)smooth muscle in dermis
D)amount of keratin in cells
21
The strength of the dermis would mainly be due to _____.
A)the amount of blood vessels
B)the distribution of elastic fibers
C)the presence of collagen fibers
D)the thickness of the layers
22
The part of the hair below the surface of the skin is called the _____.
A)follicle
B)root
C)base
D)shaft
23
What is the medical term for male pattern baldness?
A)alopecia
B)alopecia areata
C)androgenic alopecia
D)acne vulgaris
24
The term goose bumps is directly related to which structures?
A)hair follicles
B)arrector pili
C)sebaceous glands
D)lunula
25
The _____ is the thick white area of the nail that reflects the rapid growth of the cells below it.
A)nail bed
B)nail root
C)lacuna
D)lunula







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