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Multiple Choice Quiz
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1
The type of joint between the fetal frontal and parietal bones is classified as a _____ joint.
A)cartilage
B)fibrous
C)epithelial
D)synovial
2
Joints that have some limited degree of movement are called _____.
A)diarthrotic
B)synovial
C)synarthrotic
D)amphiarthrotic
3
The special joint between the distal ends of the tibia and fibula is called a _____.
A)suture
B)gomphosis
C)syndesmosis
D)synchondrosis
4
The parietal and temporal bones are joined by a _____.
A)suture
B)syndesmosis
C)amphiarthrosis
D)synovial
5
Which of the following is an example of a gomphosis?
A)humerus-ulna
B)femur-innominate
C)tooth-alveolus
D)mandible-temporal
6
What type of joint is between the bodies of the vertebrae?
A)synchondrosis
B)symphysis
C)diarthrosis
D)syndesmosis
7
The two pubic bones are held together on the anterior surface by a _____ joint.
A)synovial
B)diarthrotic
C)symphysis
D)synchondrosis
8
Which of the following does not belong with the others?
A)synovial
B)diarthrotic
C)ball-and-socket
D)amphiarthrotic
9
Which of the following joints are the most complex?
A)syndesmosis
B)pubic symphysis
C)amphiarthrosis
D)synovial
10
The articular ends of long bones contain a type of _____ tissue.
A)fibrous
B)hyaline cartilage
C)fibrocartilage
D)ligamentous
11
The strongest and most inflexible part of a synovial joint is the ______.
A)synovial membranes
B)ligament
C)articular cartilage
D)subchondral plate
12
Menisci are extra pieces of fibrocartilage that provide an extra cushion within the _____ joint.
A)elbow
B)finger
C)knee
D)foot
13
The bursae resemble _____ in structure and are found around certain joints.
A)tendons
B)cartilage
C)synovial membranes
D)ligament membranes
14
The shoulder is an example of a _____ joint.
A)condyloid
B)ball-and-socket
C)gliding
D)pivot
15
The joint between the phalanges and metacarpals is a _____ joint.
A)condyloid
B)gliding
C)saddle
D)hinge
16
Which of the following has the greatest range of motion?
A)gliding
B)pivot
C)spheroidal
D)saddle
17
The hip is an example of a _____ joint.
A)ball-and-socket
B)condyloid
C)pivotal
D)saddle
18
Where is a saddle joint found?
A)atlas-axis
B)ulna-radius
C)thumb base
D)foot
19
The elbow and phalanges contain _____ joints.
A)gliding
B)hinge
C)pivot
D)saddle
20
The articular processes of the vertebrae and _____ contain gliding joints.
A)carpals
B)phalanges
C)intervertebral disks
D)knee
21
The movement that decreases the angle between two bones is called _____.
A)extension
B)flexion
C)abduction
D)adduction
22
When one is standing erect, most of the joints are in the _____ position.
A)flexed
B)abducted
C)extended
D)elevated
23
The movement called _____ will move an appendage towards the midline of the body.
A)circumduction
B)adduction
C)abduction
D)depression
24
Standing on one's toes is an example of _____ of the foot.
A)flexion
B)dorsal flexion
C)plantar flexion
D)extension
25
Bending the head to observe an airplane will probably cause _____ of the neck.
A)extension
B)hyperextension
C)flexion
D)elevation
26
Turning the head on a central axis plane is an example of _____.
A)rotation
B)circumduction
C)elevation
D)expression
27
When standing in the anatomical position, the hands are considered to be in a _____ position.
A)prone
B)supine
C)flexed
D)adducted
28
Closing the jaw is an example of _____ movement.
A)flexion
B)depression
C)elevation
D)extension
29
The best movement that describes throwing a baseball is probably _____ of the arm.
A)elevation
B)rotation
C)circumduction
D)protraction
30
Moving the shoulder forward in a straight plane direction is an example of _____.
A)pronation
B)protraction
C)retraction
D)depression
31
Turning a doorknob is an example of _____.
A)circumduction
B)rotation
C)adduction
D)abduction
32
The rotator cuff is a special arrangement of tissues found in the _____.
A)knee
B)neck
C)wrist
D)shoulder
33
What is the main factor that holds the arm to the trunk?
A)the synovial joint
B)muscles and tendons
C)ligaments
D)cartilage
34
Which fibrocartilage ligament encircles the margin of the glenoid cavity of the scapula?
A)glenohumeral
B)glenoidal labrum
C)coracohumeral
D)transverse humeral
35
Which of the following bursae does not involve the scapula?
A)subscapular
B)subacromial
C)subdeltoid
D)subcoracoid
36
Which of the following is probably the easiest to dislocate?
A)knee
B)wrist
C)elbow
D)shoulder
37
Which of the following is not possible at the shoulder?
A)extension
B)rotation
C)eversion
D)circumduction
38
The _____ is a band that encircles the head of the radius.
A)ulnar collateral ligament
B)radial collateral ligament
C)annular ligament
D)synovial membrane
39
The largest and most complex joint is the _____.
A)hip
B)shoulder
C)knee
D)elbow
40
The ligaments that form a cross at the knee are called _____.
A)cruciate
B)arcuate
C)oblique
D)tibial collateral
41
The _____ ligament attaches the lateral condyle of the femur to the head of the fibula.
A)patellar
B)fibular collateral
C)arcuate
D)tibial collateral
42
An _____ is a condition of abnormal stiffness or fusion of bones at a joint.
A)arthritis
B)arthropathy
C)arthralgia
D)ankylosis
43
The term _____ refers to dislocation of a joint.
A)subluxation
B)luxation
C)gout
D)arthrology
44
The condition called _____ involves inflammation of a fluid filled sac outside of a joint.
A)arthritis
B)gout
C)bursitis
D)rheumatism
45
The condition of _____ is an autoimmune disease that causes the formation of a joint pannus.
A)osteoarthritis
B)rheumatoid arthritis
C)bursitis
D)gouty arthritis
46
The term that describes the presence of fluid in a joint, is _____.
A)hydrarthrosis
B)hemarthrosis
C)synovectomy
D)gout







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