Site MapHelpFeedbackMultiple Choice Quiz
Multiple Choice Quiz
(See related pages)

Please answer all questions

1
Which of the following types of muscle are found in the stomach?
A)cardiac
B)skeletal
C)visceral
D)striated
2
A large broad sheet of connective tissue, such as on the abdomen, is called a/an _____ .
A)aponeurosis
B)epimysium
C)perimysium
D)endomysium
3
The membrane that is the closest to the individual muscle fiber is the _____ .
A)aponeurosis
B)epimysium
C)perimysium
D)endomysium
4
A group of skeletal muscle fibers is called a/an _____.
A)perimysium
B)fascicle
C)epimysium
D)tendon
5
The structure that connects muscles to bones is the _____.
A)aponeurosis
B)fascicle
C)tendon
D)ligament
6
The fibers of a muscle that are connected to the overlying skin fibers is the _____ .
A)subcutaneous fascia
B)deep fascia
C)subserous fascia
D)tendon
7
The muscle cells within a group such as the biceps brachii are individually called _____ .
A)sarcolemmas
B)fibers
C)myocyte
D)myofibrils
8
The fiber cell membrane is termed the _____ .
A)myofibril
B)myosin
C)myofilament
D)sarcolemma
9
Which of the following does not belong with the others?
A)myofilament
B)myosin
C)sarcoplasmic reticulum
D)actin
10
The smallest, functional unit of contraction is the _____.
A)fiber
B)sarcomere
C)filament
D)myofibril
11
The I bands in a sarcomere are made of _____ .
A)myosin
B)actin and myosin
C)tropomyosin
D)actin
12
The _____ zone contains only myosin and is in the center of a sarcomere.
A)A
B)I
C)M
D)H
13
The cisternae are enlarged portions of the _____ .
A)sarcoplasmic reticulum
B)endoplasmic reticulum
C)transverse tubules
D)T-tubules
14
The gap between the muscle and a nerve is the _____.
A)synapse
B)motor end plate
C)myoneural junction
D)motor neuron
15
The chemical that crosses a neuromuscular gap is _____.
A)sodium
B)a protein
C)a neurotransmitter
D)calcium
16
The combination of a neuron and the muscle fiber it associates with is called a _____ .
A)fascicle
B)motor end plate
C)motor unit
D)myoneural junction
17
The most abundant of the muscle proteins is _____ .
A)actin
B)troponin
C)myosin
D)tropomyosin
18
The main force of contraction occurs when actin forms a chemical complex with _____ .
A)troponin
B)myosin
C)tropomyosin
D)acetylcholine
19
When a muscle is at rest, which of the following is not associated chemically with the others?
A)actin
B)myosin
C)troponin
D)tropomyosin
20
During the contraction of a sarcomere, calcium ions bind with the protein _____.
A)actin
B)myosin
C)troponin
D)tropomyosin
21
The main neurotransmitter involved in skeletal muscle contraction is _____.
A)adrenalin
B)noradrenalin
C)acetylcholine
D)dopamine
22
Which molecule directly supplies energy to myosin to allow the filaments to contract?
A)adenosine diphosphate
B)ATP
C)creatine phosphate
D)creatinine
23
What is the most abundant storage form of energy within a muscle fiber?
A)glycogen
B)ADP
C)ATP
D)creatine phosphate
24
What effect does creatine phosphokinase have on muscle activity?
A)causes a fiber to relax
B)stimulates ATP synthesis
C)catalyzes the formation of creatine phosphate
D)causes the breakdown of creatine into creatinine
25
How is excess sugar stored within muscle fibers?
A)in ATP
B)as glycogen
C)as glucose
D)as creatinine
26
Which main factor allows muscle to sustain contraction even during times when the blood supply is low?
A)the presence of hemoglobin
B)glycogen storage
C)myoglobin
D)citric acid cycle
27
The reddish brown color of muscle is due to the presence of _____ molecules.
A)creatine phosphate
B)hemoglobin
C)iron
D)myoglobin
28
Which molecule is produced during exercise, resulting in the oxygen debt?
A)glycogen
B)lactate
C)pyruvate
D)ATP
29
Which of the following does not belong with the others?
A)white muscles
B)fast-contracting
C)extensive sarcoplasmic reticulum
D)relatively large supply of myoglobin
30
About _____% of ATP energy becomes liberated as heat from muscle metabolism.
A)25
B)50
C)75
D)10
31
The minimum stimulus needed to cause a contraction is called the _____.
A)all-or-none law
B)threshold
C)sub-maximal stimulus
D)recruitment level
32
A single contraction of a muscle is called a ______.
A)threshold
B)recruitment
C)twitch
D)myogram
33
The period of time between the stimulus and contraction is called the _____.
A)latent period
B)refractory period
C)contraction period
D)relaxation period
34
The period of time in which a muscle will not respond to a stimulus is called the _____.
A)latent period
B)refractory period
C)relaxation period
D)threshold
35
The complete contraction of a muscle, without the ability to relax, is called _____.
A)a sustained contraction
B)fatigue
C)tetanic contraction
D)treppe
36
The constant contraction of a percentage of fibers within a muscle is referred to as _____.
A)tetany
B)tonus
C)sustained contraction
D)summation
37
Contractions called _____ occur whenever the forces applied to a muscle are increased, but the muscle does not appear to be moving.
A)isotonic
B)isometric
C)tetanic
D)summation contractions
38
Which of the following muscles always requires nerve impulses in order to contract?
A)multi-unit smooth
B)skeletal
C)visceral smooth
D)cardiac
39
Which type of muscle is found in the wall of blood vessels?
A)skeletal
B)cardiac
C)smooth visceral
D)multi-unit smooth
40
Since smooth muscle fibers have rhythmicity and can stimulate each other, they contract in a pattern called _____.
A)a functional syncytium
B)peristalsis
C)tetany
D)tonus
41
The degeneration of muscle fibers caused by a lack of proper stimulation and usage is called _____.
A)hypertrophy
B)atrophy
C)dystrophy
D)peristalsis
42
In smooth muscle, calcium ions combine with _____ to allow the actin and myosin cross-bridges to form.
A)calmodulin
B)troponin
C)myosin
D)tropomyosin
43
The following cause smooth muscles to contract except which one?
A)acetylcholine
B)troponin
C)norepinephrine
D)oxytocin
44
The presence of _____ allow cardiac muscle fibers to transmit impulses faster among themselves.
A)cell membranes
B)nerve fibers
C)intercalated disks
D)peristalsis
45
The muscle is called the _____ when it is causing the movement that is being described.
A)antagonist
B)synergist
C)prime mover
D)flexor
46
Muscles that act together to cause the same movements are called _____.
A)synergists
B)antagonists
C)prime movers
D)agonists
47
The sternocleidomastoid muscle was named because of its _____.
A)shape
B)size
C)location
D)points of attachment
48
The _____ muscle forms a broad flat sheet on top of the head.
A)temporalis
B)buccinator
C)epicranius
D)frontalis
49
Which muscle lines most of the inner cheek wall?
A)orbicularis oris
B)buccinator
C)orbicularis oculi
D)masseter
50
Which muscle causes smiling and is attached to the corners of the lips?
A)zygomatic
B)buccinator
C)temporalis
D)orbicularis oris
51
The _____ is the broad flat muscle on the neck, which causes frowning.
A)sternocleidomastoid
B)platysma
C)buccinator
D)pterygoid
52
A condition called temporomandibular syndrome can be caused by contraction of the _____.
A)buccinator
B)masseter
C)platysma
D)frontalis
53
The following muscles belong together except which one?
A)masseter
B)pterygoid
C)temporalis
D)digastric
54
The antagonist of the sternocleidomastoid is the _____.
A)splenius capitis
B)digastric
C)trapezius
D)semispinalis capitis
55
The triangular shaped muscle on the back that rotates the shoulder is the _____
A)trapezius
B)rhomboid
C)deltoid
D)levator scapulae
56
The _____ muscle acts to elevate the shoulders.
A)rhomboideus
B)levator scapulae
C)pectoralis major
D)deltoid
57
Adduction of the scapulae in a posterior view is mainly accomplished by the _____.
A)trapezius
B)rhomboideus
C)serratus anterior
D)pectoralis minor
58
The _____ will move the shoulders on a forward plane.
A)pectoralis major
B)pectoralis minor
C)deltoid
D)serratus anterior
59
An antagonist of the teres major is the _____.
A)pectoralis major
B)supraspinatus
C)infraspinatus
D)subscapularis
60
The _____ is a common intramuscular injection site, which flexes the shoulder or extends the arm.
A)pectoralis major
B)deltoid
C)trapezius
D)coracobrachialis
61
Which triangular thoracic muscle causes the arms to move towards the midline?
A)subscapularis
B)teres minor
C)pectoralis major
D)latissimus dorsi
62
A synergist with the biceps brachii is the _____.
A)triceps brachii
B)brachialis
C)deltoid
D)supinator
63
The pronator teres inserts on the _____.
A)radius
B)ulna
C)humerus
D)scapula
64
The following belong together except which one?
A)flexor carpi radialis
B)palmaris longus
C)flexor digitorum profundus
D)extensor carpi ulnaris
65
Which of the following does not belong with the rest?
A)external oblique
B)transversus abdominis
C)internal oblique
D)rectus abdominis
66
The following can be grouped together except which one?
A)coccygeus
B)sphincter urethrae
C)bulbospongiosus
D)ischiocavernosus
67
The psoas major is the antagonist to the _____.
A)psoas minor
B)gluteus maximus
C)iliacus
D)pectineus
68
The _____ muscle attaches to a long band of tendon which runs down the lateral aspect of the leg.
A)iliacus
B)tensor fasciae latae
C)adductor longus
D)gracilis
69
The _____ muscle causes one to cross the leg by adducting the thigh and flexing the lower leg.
A)iliopsoas
B)sartorius
C)gracilis
D)adductor magnus
70
Which muscle runs from the anterior superior iliac spine to the medial tibial surface near the patella?
A)vastus medialis
B)vastus lateralis
C)semitendinosus
D)sartorius
71
Which of the following does not belong with the others?
A)semimembranosus
B)biceps femoris
C)sartorius
D)semitendinosus
72
Which of these does not belong with the others?
A)vastus intermedius
B)rectus femoris
C)vastus medialis
D)biceps femoris
73
The following cause dorsiflexion of the foot except which one?
A)extensor digitorum longus
B)soleus
C)tibialis anterior
D)peroneus tertius
74
Which of the following is attached to the calcaneus?
A)gastrocnemius
B)tibialis posterior
C)peroneus longus
D)peroneus tertius
75
The _____ is inserted on the base of the first metatarsal.
A)soleus
B)tibialis anterior
C)tibialis posterior
D)extensor digitorum longus
76
Spontaneous contraction of random groups of muscles is called _____.
A)syncytium
B)peristalsis
C)fibrillation
D)contracture
77
A disease which results in muscle weakness because of abnormal neuromuscular junction activity is _____.
A)poliomyelitis
B)myasthenia gravis
C)multiple sclerosis
D)muscular dystrophy
78
Which of the following refers to a prolonged muscular spasm?
A)myotonia
B)paresis
C)myalgia
D)contracture







Hole's Human A&P 10eOnline Learning Center

Home > Chapter 9 > Feedback MC Quiz