Site MapHelpFeedbackGlossary

STD (Sexually Transmitted Diseases)  Diseases for which a primary method of transmission is sexual activity.
AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)  An HIV infected individual is said to have AIDS when he/she has developed certain opportunistic infections (for example, pneumonia, tuberculosis, yeast infections, or other infections) or when their CD4+ cell count drops below 200.
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)  A virus that causes a breakdown of the immune system among humans, resulting in the inability of the body to fight infections. It is a precursor to AIDS.
CD4+ Helper Cells  A type of cell that protects against infections and that instigates the body's immune response. HIV kills these cells so a high count usually means better health (also known as a T helper cell).
Serostatus  A blood test results indicating the presence of antibodies the immune system creates to fight disease. A seropositive status indicates that a person has antibodies to fight HIV and is HIV positive.
T helper cells  A disease-fighting blood cell that is damaged by the HIV virus, same as CD4+ cell.
Antibodies  Bodies in the bloodstream that react to overcome bacterial and other agents that attack the body.
ARC (AIDS-Related Complex)  The development of HIV-related immunodeficiency conditions but not those considered to be AIDS.
Kaposi's Sarcoma  A type of cancer evidenced by purple sores (tumors) on the skin.
Viral Load  The level of virus (HIV) in the blood.
Chlamydia  A bacterial infection similar to gonorrhea that attacks the urinary tract and reproductive organs.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)  An infection of the urethra (urine passage) that can lead to infertility among women.
Gonorrhea  A bacterial infection of the mucous membranes including the eyes, throat, genitals, and other organs.
Syphilis  An infection caused by a corkscrew-shaped bacteria that travels in the bloodstream and embeds itself in the mucous membranes of the body, including those of the sexual organs.
Genital Herpes  A viral infection that can attack any area of the body but often causes blisters on the genitals.
Genital Warts  Warts, caused by a virus, that grow in the genital/anal area (also called condyloma).
Pubic Lice  Lice that attach themselves to the base of pubic hairs. Also called crabs.
Chancre  A sore or lesion commonly associated with syphilis
Cancroid  A bacterial infection resulting in sores or ulcers on the genitals; different from cancres associated with syphilis.

Concepts of Fitness and WellneOnline Learning Center

Home > Chapter 23 > Glossary