Recommendations for improving the chances of conception include:
|A)||using a basal body temperature chart to record the drop in temperature on the day of ovulation and the rise in temperature on the day following ovulation.|
|B)||intercourse.having intercourse every 12 hours during the week in which the woman is to ovulate.|
|C)||using a female-on-top position during|
|D)||douching with an acidic solution, such as vinegar, before intercourse.|
During fetal development:
|A)||some viruses and other diseases are able to pass the placental barrier.|
|B)||the head develops before the lower body.|
|C)||quickening and fetal heartbeat are first detected during the second trimester.|
|D)||all of the above.|
A woman experiencing many physical symptoms, such as breast tingling, frequent urination, nausea, vaginal discharge, fatigue, and sleepiness, is probably in her _______ of pregnancy.
Muscle cramps, nerve pains, uterine ligament pains, sleeplessness, irritability, and increased blood pressure during pregnancy are likely symptoms of:
|A)||a healthy pregnancy.|
Which of the following is true with regard to alcohol consumption during pregnancy?
|A)||Alcoholic beverages are especially harmful to the fetus during the last trimester of pregnancy.|
|B)||Drinking one alcoholic beverage per day has been established as a safe limit for alcohol consumption during pregnancy.|
|C)||A woman's abuse of alcohol during pregnancy may result in offspring who display a pattern of malformations termed the fetal alcohol syndrome.|
|D)||Alcohol consumed by the woman does not circulate through the fetus.|
Which of the following is true of episiotomies?
|A)||The incision is left open after the baby is born.|
|B)||Critics claim that it is often done for the doctor's convenience.|
|C)||They are frequently done in most Western countries.|
|D)||Women will feel a sharp pain when the doctor cuts the skin.|
Which of the following is true with regard to cesarean sections?
|A)||Placenta previa requires the performance of a C section.|
|B)||The United States has lower cesarean delivery rates than most western European countries.|
|C)||Once a woman has had one delivery by cesarean, she must have all subsequent deliveries by the same method.|
|D)||Use of fetal monitors has been shown to decrease the likelihood that the physician will choose to perform a C section.|
Which of the following is true with regard to the postpartum period?
|A)||Most women experience intense postpartum depression.|
|B)||Fathers who are more involved with the parenting role have a higher incidence of depression.|
|C)||Research has validated the existence of a "critical period" for mother-infant attachment.|
|D)||Most parents experience sleep deprivation during the postpartum period.|
Which of the following is NOT true of an ectopic, or "misplaced," pregnancy?
|A)||A sexually transmitted disease can increase the risk of an egg becoming implanted in the fallopian tube, abdominal cavity, ovary or cervix.|
|B)||Heavy smoking may be associated with an ectopic pregnancy.|
|C)||Ectopic pregnancy is difficult to diagnose early on.|
|D)||Ectopic pregnancies are readily diagnosed, often within the first three weeks after conception.|
|A)||has a higher risk of fetal loss than chorionic villus sampling.|
|B)||is recommended for women older than age 35 and those who have a previous history of bearing a child with a genetic defect.|
|C)||can be performed earlier in the pregnancy than chorionic villus sampling.|
|D)||all of these.|
The most common cause of infertility relates to:
|A)||failure to ovulate.|
|B)||complications from sexually transmitted diseases.|
|C)||low sperm count.|
|D)||hostile cervical mucus.|
Which procedure involves collecting sperm and eggs and then inserting them together into the fallopian tube, where natural fertilization can take place, followed by natural implantation?
|B)||in vitro fertilization|