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Multiple Choice Quiz
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The various content theories of motivation include all of the following except ______.
A)equity theory
B)hierarchy of needs
C)two-factor theory
D)ERG theory
E)needs theory
The theory that people tend to satisfy their needs in a specified order from the most to the least basic is identified by ________.
A)McClelland's needs theory
B)Alderfer's ERG theory
C)Herzberg's two-factor theory
D)Maslow's hierarchy of needs
E)reinforcement theory
Thomas has needs that are highly prevalent to him. These needs include a sense of belonging, friendships, and supervisory support. Thomas's needs reflect which level of Maslow's hierarchy of needs?
A)Physiological needs
B)Social needs
C)Self-actualization needs
D)Safety needs
E)Esteem needs
Of the following, which one would not be considered an accurate statement?
A)Lower level needs must be satisfied before higher needs become motivating.
B)Providing additional rewards will not be motivating if the need has already been satisfied.
C)The needs identified in Maslow's hierarchy run in descending order.
D)Providing for higher level needs will not motivate unless all lower level needs have been met.
E)Self-actualization can never be fully satisfied.
Of the following, which are considered to be higher order needs according to Abraham Maslow?
A)Self-actualization, social
B)Safety, social
C)Physiological, esteem
D)Esteem, self-actualization
E)Esteem, social
Which of the following theories refer to a group of three core needs?
A)Alderfer's ERG theory
B)McClelland's theory of learned needs
C)Herzberg's motivator-hygiene theory
D)Equity theory
E)Reinforcement theory
All of the following statement except _____ can be considered true about Alderfer's ERG theory.
A)this theory revised Maslow's theory to make the needs and the sequence of needs less rigid
B)this theory collapses five needs into three
C)this theory indicates that all three needs can operate at the same time
D)the existence group is concerned with material requirements for survival
E)the third set of needs are related to extrinsic needs
According to David McClelland, the _____ is the desire to be liked by others and to receive social approval.
A)need for self-actualization
B)need for self-awareness
C)need for affiliation
D)need for power
E)need for achievement
According to David McClelland, the _____ is the desire to influence or control other people.
A)need for self-actualization
B)need for self-awareness
C)need for affiliation
D)need for power
E)need for achievement
In Herzberg's two-factor theory, which one of the following is not considered a motivator?
A)Physical work conditions
Process models provide a map of what determines a person's level of motivation. Which one of the following is not a theory associated with the process viewpoint?
A)Goal-setting theory
B)Hierarchy of Needs Theory
C)Reinforcement theory
D)Expectancy theory
E)Equity theory
According to the goal-setting theory all of the following statements are true except ________.
A)people are more motivated if there are concrete targets or objectives
B)individuals must buy into the goals
C)set targets should be challenging
D)goals should be set by upper management members
E)goals should be specific and quantifiable
A well-known approach to implementing goal theory is management by objectives. All of the following are true statements about MBO except ______.
A)employees and supervisors agree on a set of goals
B)goal achievement has no preset time frame
C)each person knows exactly what is expected of him or her
D)it results in a hierarchy of objectives that links specific objectives with each succeeding organizational level
E)overall objectives are broken down into specific objectives
_____ is the view that people develop beliefs about the fairness of the rewards they receive relative to their contributions.
A)Two-factor theory
B)Reinforcement theory
C)Needs theory
D)Expectancy theory
E)Equity theory
Of the following, which is not a truth that can be stated about the equity theory?
A)Perceptions of fairness depend on assessment of inputs
B)Perceptions of fairness depend on assessment of outcomes
C)Higher level needs must be satisfied first
D)Outcomes are rewards such as recognition and pay
E)Inputs are contributions such as effort and special skills
According to the reinforcement theory, which one of the following is not a key consequence?
C)Positive reinforcement
D)Negative reinforcement
When an employee comes to work early everyday and is willing to work overtime if there is a deadline that has to be met by his company, his manager should use which of these?
A)Negative reinforcement
D)Positive reinforcement
_______ is the withholding of a positive consequence following a desired behavior.
B)Positive reinforcement
E)Negative reinforcement
Who is noted for developing the expectancy theory of motivation?
A)Abraham Maslow
B)Max Weber
C)David McClelland
D)Victor Vroom
E)Frederick Herzberg
According to the expectancy theory, which of the following statements would not be true?
A)Expectancy is the belief that a given effort will lead to success on a task.
B)Valence refers to the perceived link between task performances and rewards.
C)People are motivated to perform well if the reward has value to them.
D)The value placed on rewards and performances is called valence.
E)It is a theory about choice.
_______ is the structure of work such that performance and worker satisfaction are maximized.
A)Job design
B)Job rotation
C)Job enlargement
D)Job enrichment
E)Job sharing
John has been working for Horizon Corporation for three years. He is responsible for checking the quality of each product on an assembly line everyday. In order to reduce John's boredom at his job, his manager might consider _______ where John would be moved from one task to another.
B)job switching
C)job enrichment
D)job rotation
E)job enlargement
Which motivation theory has a central idea that indicates motivation is determined by perceived expectancies, outcome values, and a rational decision-making process?
A)Equity theory
B)Learned needs theory
C)Expectancy theory
D)Needs theory
E)Goal-setting theory

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