Directions: Read the following paragraphs. Each consists of a stated main idea and several details. Since there is more than one detail, you will select more than one answer for the first question for each paragraph. (Suggestion: Locate the answer choice with the stated main idea—this will you identify identified the details that support it. To help you further, the topic is given for each paragraph.) The second question about each paragraph asks you the purpose of the details in the paragraph or, in other words, the type of information the details present (such as explanations, descriptions, examples, and so forth).
The topic of this paragraph is Millennials.
Students born after 1982 are considered Millennials, and they exhibit quite different characteristics from those of students only a few years older. Among the differences are these:
Source: Helen Woodman, Ed., Basic Skills SPIN Newsletter, November, 2004, National Association for Developmental Education.
The topic of this paragraph is personal digital assistants.
Personal digital assistants (PDAs) are small, hand-held electronic organizers that come in a range of prices and capabilities. These lightweight computers are usually operated with a stylus, a special "pen." The most basic, inexpensive PDAs have monochromatic screens. They can be used to organize and store contact information, such as names, phone numbers, and email addresses. More expensive models have color screens and offer computer-like applications. For example, you can manage email and create documents. In addition, they include a calendar function that allows you to keep track of appointments and events. They feature the ability to play video and audio files. The most expensive PDAs also offer a phone function, including text messaging.
The topic of this paragraph is prepaid debit cards for teenagers.
A growing number of parents are using a new way to teach their teenagers to handle money wisely: a prepaid debit card. Parents put a certain amount of money on a Visa® or Mastercard® debit card, for example. Teens use it instead of cash. Purchases show up on their parents’ monthly statement, so parents can monitor how the money is being spent and how fast it is being spent. When the money is used up, parents can "reload" the card. Depending on the plan, parents may pay initial set-up fees, monthly fees, or transaction fees. They feel the safety, monitoring capability, and convenience are worth it.
The topic of this paragraph is eating nutritious food.
Are you in the habit of skipping breakfast? Breakfast is important; it gets your metabolism going. Then spread your remaining calories throughout the rest of the day by eating a wholesome lunch, nutritious snack, and balanced dinner. Eating this way keeps your metabolism high. You are also less likely to binge on junk food. You will have more energy and feel better if you eat nutritious food at least every four hours.
The topic of this paragraph is college campuses and criminal activity and violence.
College campuses can be the site of criminal activity and violence, so they require the same level of caution and awareness that you would use in other situations. Keep in mind that 80% of campus crimes are committed by one student against another student. Also, alcohol or drug use is involved in 90% of campus felonies. Drinking or drug use can affect judgment and lower inhibitions, so be aware if you or another person is under the influence.
Source: Adapted from Paul Insel and Walton Roth, Core Concepts on Health, Brief ed., 9th ed., p. 387. Copyright © 2002 The McGraw-Hill Companies.