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Multiple Choice Quiz



1

What is the main point of Omohundro's ethnographic example of his experience observing a séance in the Philippines?
A)spirit possession is a cultural feature that all anthropologists study
B)the presence of the anthropologist may affect the behavior of the community of study
C)the ultimate goal of his research there was to become possessed himself
D)photography and tape recording are preferred methods for conducting fieldwork
2

What term describes measurable differences in interview data based upon the characteristics of the speaker, the listener, and the setting?
A)ethnography
B)scientific method
C)response effects
D)ethics
3

Which anthropologist is credited with being for decades almost the only ethnographer to explain in detail how to do ethnographic fieldwork, and for being an advocate of rigorous methods?
A)Margaret Mead
B)Napoleon Chagnon
C)Charles Darwin
D)Bronislaw Malinowski
4

Which of the following is considered the core method for ethnographic fieldwork?
A)controlled experiments
B)participant observation
C)excavation
D)household surveys
5

What term describes a degree of mutual understanding that may develop between an anthropologist and members of the local community of study?
A)rapport
B)culture shock
C)genealogy
D)ethnocentrism
6

Members of the community of study who provide anthropologists with information about the group and its culture have typically been called:
A)ethnographers
B)informants
C)ritual specialists
D)journalists
7

Annette Weiner's re-study of the Trobriand Islands illuminated what aspect of culture and society that had been largely overlooked by Malinowski?
A)spirit possession
B)the influence of missionaries
C)the presence of castes
D)the social roles of women
8

What term defines a rule of descent specifying that children are in the kin group of their father, and not their mother?
A)patriarchy
B)matriliny
C)patriliny
D)post-partum
9

Which of the following was NOT one of the data collection techniques of anthropology listed in the chapter?
A)interviewing key informants
B)phone interviews
C)collecting life histories
D)event analysis
10

A systematic inquiry of every unit or a representative sample of them is called a (n):
A)life history
B)event analysis
C)survey
D)strategy of adaptation
11

Which of the many data collection techniques of anthropologists is based on constructing diagrams of kin relationships?
A)genealogy
B)cultural history
C)language study
D)genetic microanalysis
12

Which of the many data collection techniques of anthropologists analyzes how people use space in social interactions?
A)semiotics
B)ethnosemantics
C)studying documents
D)proxemics
13

What did anthropologist Clifford Geertz suggest that all anthropologists should trace in their studies of different cultures?
A)surface structures
B)circles of comprehension
C)webs of meaning
D)connections between families
14

Which of the following principles is NOT part of the American Anthropological Association's code of ethic for conducting research?
A)Collect information without the informed consent of the providers
B)Be open about who you are and why you're there
C)Avoid doing harm to either people or animals
D)Avoid threatening the safety, dignity, or privacy of your information providers
15

An investigative journalist questioned anthropologist Napoleon Chagnon's ethical practices among what indigenous group?
A)Cherokee
B)Trobriand Islanders
C)Yanomamo
D)Ojibwa







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