Site MapHelpFeedbackThe Interdependent and Independent View of Self
The Interdependent and Independent View of Self
(See related pages)

In this segment, Shinobu Kitayama discusses how the interdependent and independent views of self differ.

Web Connections
A description of Professor Shinobu Kitayama's research interests

Article on the contrast between interdependent self-construal and independent self-construal among Koreans who emigrate to the United States

Article on how interdependent self-construal can make a difference in the use of power


1What differences are there between how an American woman might describe herself and how a Japanese woman might describe herself?

2Do non-Western cultures have more collectivist self-concepts than Americans?

3What are the differences researchers find when they study self concept in a variety of cultures?


4With Americans, the self often focuses on ability and personality traits such as, 'I am an excellent figure skater.' 'I am generous.'

5When an American says 'I am generous, she is describing a characteristic she believes is part of her self and is not seen as a purely social characteristic.

6An Asian American might say "I'm lazy in class. I am serious about politics." These self descriptions of personality are about social relations.

Social PsychologyOnline Learning Center

Home > Social Sense > Chapter 2 > The Interdependent and Independent View of Self