The behavior, patterns, and beliefs, of a specific group of people that are passed on from one generation to the next is known as
A tendency to favor one's own group over others is called
Dr. Mehta's research involves comparing several different cultures with each other to understand the role of culture in adolescent development. In terms of developmental research, Dr. Mehta's research would be considered ____________ studies.
emphasizes values that serve the group by subordinating personal goals to preserve group integrity, interdependence of group members, and harmonious relationships.
Which of the following is a characteristic of collectivistic cultures?
|A)||focus on the individual|
|B)||frequent cognitive dissonance|
|C)||many casual relationships|
|D)||the people who are most liked are self-effacing|
Which of the following values reflects parents' beliefs in individualistic cultures?
|A)||connectedness to the family|
|B)||orientation to the large group|
When compared to adolescents in other developed countries, U.S. adolescents spend less time
|A)||in paid work.|
|C)||doing hobbies or sports.|
|D)||participating in discretionary activities.|
Rites of passage for adolescents are most likely to be found in
|B)||rural areas of the United States.|
|C)||large cities in the United States.|
|D)||most Western industrialized countries.|
Socioeconomic status, or SES, refers to a grouping of people with all of the following similar characteristics EXCEPT
Family income is a good measure of
Which of the following is characteristic of the child rearing practices in lower-SES families?
|A)||concern with children developing initiative and delay of gratification|
|B)||being more conversational with children|
|C)||children are more nearly equal participants in the family|
|D)||physical punishment is used more often to discipline children|
In 2006, ____________ % of U.S. children under 18 years of age were living in families below the poverty line.
Because Kwami's family is poor, he is more likely than a child from a middle-SES family to experience all of the following environmental inequities EXCEPT
|A)||conflict, violence, instability, and chaos in his home.|
|B)||less access to television.|
|C)||low levels of social support.|
|D)||heavily polluted air and water|
All of the following are common reasons for the high poverty rate of single mothers EXCEPT
|A)||women's low pay.|
|B)||infrequent awarding of alimony payments.|
|C)||poorly enforced child support.|
|D)||lack of desire to work.|
The feminization of poverty refers to
|A)||the fact that far more women than men live in poverty.|
|B)||the fact that women and men are equally represented in poverty.|
|C)||the fact that women are responsible for their poverty.|
|D)||the fact that the feminist movement is responsible for poverty.|
El Puente is a social program in New York City for
|A)||low-income Latino adolescents.|
|B)||Catholic adolescent girls.|
|D)||English-speaking immigrants from Mexico.|
Which of the following is accurate with regard to ethnic issues in the United States today?
|A)||Ethnic diversity of adolescents and emerging adults is decreasing.|
|B)||When working with adolescents and immigrant families, counselors need to be culturally sensitive.|
|C)||Family obligations are endorsed more by adolescents than by their parents.|
|D)||The intergenerational value discrepancy decreases over time.|
A problem for researchers studying the effects of ethnicity on development is that ethnicity can interact with ____________ in ways that exaggerate the influence of ethnicity.
Of the different ethnic groups living in the United States, ____________ are considered to be a "model minority" because of their strong achievement orientation and family cohesiveness.
For most of the 20th century, the differences between ethnic minority groups and non-Latino Whites were conceptualized as
When an adolescent has a negative attitude about a person because he or she belongs to a particular group, the adolescent is exhibiting
Professor Gupta is studying problems of ethnic minorities in the United States. What is she likely to find?
|A)||Due to the great number of immigrants who have come to the United States, discrimination has largely disappeared.|
|B)||Most schools have incorporated curricula that are sensitive to ethnic minority adolescents' learning styles.|
|C)||Teachers are increasingly appreciating the unique abilities of ethnic minority students.|
|D)||Discrimination and prejudice continue to be present in the media, interpersonal interactions, and daily conversations.|
Of the following groups, which is the most recent to settle in Canada?
|A)||the First Nations|
U.S. adolescents spend approximately ______ hour(s) a day using some form of mass media.
When do television and video game playing typically peak?
|A)||in the preadolescent years|
|B)||in early adolescence|
|C)||in late adolescence|
|D)||in emerging adulthood|
Which of these statements about children and adolescents and TV watching is NOT true?
|A)||Violence on TV has been linked to aggressive behavior in young adults.|
|B)||The more children and adolescents watch TV the lower their school achievement is.|
|C)||Watching TV sex influences adolescents' sexual attitudes and behavior.|
|D)||The amount of time that adolescents watch TV has no effect on their academic achievement.|
Jeff is a typical adolescent who spends much of his time playing violent vide games. We would expect to see all of the following as a result of his video game activities EXCEPT
|A)||he experiences an altered state of consciousness while playing.|
|B)||he will develop greater sensitivity to real-life violence.|
|C)||his grades will be lower than his peers who spend less time playing the games.|
|D)||his visuospatial skills will improve.|
Television has been criticized for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
|A)||being linked to a greater incidence of obesity.|
|B)||lower achievement in school.|
|C)||creating passive learners.|
|D)||improving the leisure activities of adolescents.|
A specific concern that has recently emerged about children and adolescents using the Internet is that
|A)||they spend too much time on the internet and not enough time doing their homework.|
|B)||the Internet can cause vulnerable adolescents to become antisocial.|
|C)||they can access inappropriate information.|
|D)||information is too hard to find.|
Recent research analyzing the content of online adolescent chatrooms found that ____________ were the most self-disclosing about personal information.