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Microbiology Catalog

Student Edition
Instructor Edition
Foundations in Microbiology Companion Site, 8/e

Kathleen Park Talaro, Pasadena City College
Barry Chess, Pasadena City College

ISBN: 0073375292
Copyright year: 2012

What's New

Changes in the 8th Edition of Foundations in Microbiology

Overall changes:

Case Files
* All of the chapter case files are new except 7, 10, and 19, which have been revamped or expanded.
*The Case Files are now more integrated into the chapter with “Continuing the Case” boxes, a final “Case Perspective”, and end-of-chapter Case File questions.

Expected Learning Outcomes and Checkpoints
* The chapter overviews have been replaced with expected learning outcomes that begin every major section of a chapter. These direct the student’s learning towards the most important topics in that section.
* Each section of a chapter ends with assess questions that focus on the Expected Learning Outcomes.

Miscellaneous areas of change
* For the chapters focusing on diseases of various body systems, we have added new “Pathogen Profiles.” These are abbreviated snapshots of the major pathogens in the chapter and include a micrograph, a description of the microscopic morphology, identification descriptions, habitat information, virulence factors, primary infections/disease, and control and treatment.
* Technology, antimicrobic drugs, and disease statistics have been updated.
* The eighth edition has over 200 new photographs, over 20 new or greatly revised figures, and a number of new illustrated tables.
* Many chapters have had changes in organization and modifications in their sections and headings.
* Numerous new assessment, writing-to-learn, and critical thinking questions have been added.
* A number of figures now contain insets of micrographs superimposed over a macroscopic photograph.
* Most chapters have new visual challenge questions.
* Figures have been evaluated to improve labeling and proportion and to clarify legends.
* Newly designed chapter opening pages tie in microbes more tightly with the Case Files.

Chapter 1
New Case File about the exploration for new microbes in the oceans
Figure on evolution has more illustrations added to the timeline.
Table on the work of microbiologists is revised.
The Introduction to Cells section is reorganized so that all coverage appears in the same area.
New photographs and examples for importance of microbes in natural environments
New figures of microbes used in bioremediation and biotechnology
New insight on emerging infections with update and figure on influenza
Figure on scientific methods has been simplified.
Eight new photos have been added to this chapter.

Chapter 2
New Case File about the search for life on Mars

Chapter 3
New Case File introduces basic aspects of diagnosing meningitis.
Figure for tools of the laboratory and methods of studying microorganisms has been revised and an additional step called information gathering has been added to the 5 “I”s.
A new table to accompany this figure summarizes the steps in lab techniques.
Chapter now starts with microscopy, then isolation, identification, culturing and media
A new introduction to identification techniques and keys has been added.
New information on unculturables has been added to the Insight reading.
Figure on dyes and staining has been revised.
Eleven new photos have been added to this chapter.

Chapter 4
New Case File about a biofilm infection of a heart valve
The section on bacterial taxonomy now contains photographs of examples.
Section on characteristics of life has been rewritten and shortened.
A description of type IV pili and motility has been added.
Thirteen new photos have been added to this chapter.

Chapter 5
New Case File covers the neglected eukaryotic parasites
The figure of eukaryotic taxonomy has been revised.
Ten new photographs have been added to this chapter.

Chapter 6
New Case File deals with the 2009 epidemic of H1N1 Influenza
Several virus illustrations have been revised.
The figure on viral penetration has been updated.
Converted the table of virus families to an illustrated table
Updated the Insight reading on creation of new viruses
Seven new photographs have been added to this chapter.

Chapter 7
Chapter title changed to: Microbial Nutrition, Ecology, and Growth
Updated Case File covers the Berkeley Pit with expanded information.
New anchoring figure 7.1 provides overview of the relationship of microbes to the environment.
We consolidated tables and moved text into a single table summarizing the functions of bioelements in microbial physiology.
Discussion on active transport was revised
New information on Deinococcus was added to Insight on life in the extremes
Six new photos have been added to this chapter.

Chapter 8
New Case File covers the importance of microbes to ruminants
Revised the section on estimated amounts of ATP production
Most of the chapter has been edited to improve flow and accuracy

Chapter 9
New Case File details the developing drug resistance in Acinetobacter
Extensive rewriting of sections on DNA replication, epigenetics and regulation of RNA
New figure 9.6 on DNA replication
Added a clarification of detecting mutations
New material on recombination in microbes
Converted the boxed reading on genetics of animal viruses to regular text

Chapter 10
Updated Case File on identifying the victims of the World Trade Center disaster
New introduction to genetic engineering
Revised figures on actions of endonucleases
Added FISH figure
Revised the text and a figure on DNA sequencing
Added a short section on new “omics”
Revised tables on genetically modified plants and animals
Updated discussion on gene therapy
Revised the descriptions of DNA fingerprinting
Five new photographs have been added to this chapter.

Chapter 11
New Case File on the outbreak of hepatitis C linked to a Las Vegas clinic
More details of the levels of resistance among microorganisms
New discussion of how to select antimicrobial agents
New figure to show the overall effects of temperature on a microbe’s growth and survival
New figure on the electromagnetic spectrum
Revised figure on glutaraldehyde
Replaced tables on thermal effects on microbes with tables of applications of physical agents
Updated Insight reading on use of antibacterial substances
Revised discussion of use of germicides
Nine new photographs have been added to this chapter.

Chapter 12
New Case File about the aftermath of a needle-stick from an AIDS patient
Revision of figure on effects of penicillin
Added a Note on special strategies in drug therapy
Revised the section on anti-HIV drugs
Revised the table on actions of antiviral drugs
Added a new figure on transfer of drug resistance
Revised a figure on natural selection for drug resistance
Added bacteriophage therapy to Insight reading on alternative therapies
Updated information on drug resistance
Four new photos have been added to this chapter.

Chapter 13
Changed the chapter title to: Microbe-Human Interactions Infection Disease, and Epidemiology
New Case File on outbreak of Salmonella food infection
Added a new Insight reading on the role of the appendix
New figure on the stages in infection
New figure to show mechanism of invasion into host cells
Revision of section on virulence factors
Added mode of transmission to table on zoonoses
Revised discussion on incidence and prevalence
New figure on the percentage of nosocomial infections and the major infectious agents involved in them
New figures to compare epidemiologic data
Three new photos have been added to this chapter.

Chapter 14
Changed the chapter title to: An introduction to Host Defenses and Innate Immunities
New Case File on chronic granulomatous disease
Added new material on defensins
Revised introduction to recognition and surveillance
Added a Note on chronic edema and filariasis
Added clarifying information on MALT
Moved toll-like receptor figure and discussion to phagocytosis section
Rewrote the section on edema
Added a new Note on neutrophil NETS that trap microbes
More coverage on reactive oxygen intermediates
Simplified coverage of the classical complement pathway
Added photomicrographs of real WBCs to the figure on blood development
New figure on lymphatic system
New figure comparing blood and lymphatic circulations
Added a dendritic cell to the macrophage maturation figure
Six new photos have been added to this chapter.

Chapter 15
New Case File on rabies and rabies immunization
Moved section on natural, artificial, active, passive immunity to the section following T cell functions
Revised figure on primary and secondary immune responses
Replaced cancer cell photograph with two new ones
Updated vaccination tables
Clarified antigen and immunogen
Added explanation of what accounts for the speed of the secondary immune response

Chapter 16
New Case File about a transfusion reaction and its aftermath
Six new photographs have been added to this chapter.

Chapter 17
Changed chapter title to: Procedures for Identifying Pathogens and Diagnosing Infection
New Case File outlines a nosocomial Vibrio infection and includes tables used to narrow the identification of the pathogen involved
Expanded flow cart for genera in infections
New figure on pulse-field gel electrophoresis
Expanded section on selection of media for isolation
Six new photos have been added to this chapter.

Chapters 18-25
Seven new Case Files have been added to these chapters.
Added new section on drugs to treat staphylococcal infections
Inserted a revised discussion of ehrichosis and anaplasmosis
New information on smallpox vaccine and a new retrovirus in chronic fatigue
Update of H1N1 influenza and vaccination
About 80 new photographs have been added to these chapters.

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